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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Management of HIV/AIDS at Education District level

    Argues the importance of having better and regular information at school and district level. Proposes a mechanism for this to be achieved: "Have school circuit and district level officials capture local indicators monthly through the completion of a short questionnaire with mostly numeric answers to be filled out by headmasters from data they already collect. This monthly information would provide a more timely way of addressing pressing issues and responding with action. …

  2. Mainstreaming the Policy and Programming Response to the HIV Epidemic

    Cohen argues for a more complex understanding of the epidemic than the current thoughts. He believes that mainstreaming requires: A more complex understanding; A capacity for improved design of programmes and projects through new process which are social inclusive; Participatory systems for programme implementation. Cohen begins by cautioning against allowing mainstreaming to become substitute for "forgetting" encouraging us to look at the lessons learned when policy mainstreamed gender. …

  3. Responding to the socio-economic impact of the HIV epidemic in Sub-Saharan Africa: why a systems approach is needed

    In this UNDP issue paper, Cohen highlights a concern that despite recognizing that HIV is underlying development progress of the last decade, current policy and programmes are still created without factoring in the HIV epidemic. He believes that part of the problem is that development problem-solving is still inherently focused on prediction - documenting the fact that progress will be eroded with HIV. …

  4. Improving youth livelihoods in sub-Saharan Africa. A review of policies and programmes with particular reference to the link between sexual behaviour and economic well being

    This document provides comprehensive in-depth examination of the many facts involved in improving the lot of youth. In particular, the focus should be more integrated and include both reproductive health and economic improvements.

  5. School based health and nutrition programs: findings from a survey of donor and agency support

    This survey (an update of one conducted in 1997), provides an overview of donor support, policies and interests involved in school-based health and nutrition programmes. It is a useful resource for those seeking advice or funding for a particular initiative within this field.

  6. The sugar daddy trap: Peer pressure pushes girls into sex

    This paper summarises research findings that male sexual aggression against girls is endemic and institutionalized in Zimbabwe. Specifically, findings suggest that adolescent peer group culture in schools encourage students to conform to stereotypical behaviours that make girls vulnerable to sexual abuse. It concludes with a list of strategies for implementation and at schools within communities.

  7. HIV/AIDS and education

    This is the final draft of a report, which offers a detailed and comprehensive view of the issues surrounding HIV/AIDS and education. It illustrates all finer points with specific data from numerous countries and studies within Sub-Saharan Africa.

  8. HIV/AIDS impact on the education sector: the management challenge

    This is a summary from a power point presentation. The author stresses the need for real change within the education systems of developing countries and focuses on management responses to the following issues: labour, employment and gender, orphans, transition rates and geographic variation. The conclusion acknowledges the difficulty in such drastic changes but believes that effective management can have far reaching implications in mitigating effects of the HIV pandemic.

  9. Community Participation in Health Care: The Turkish Case

    World Health Organization's global goal of Health for All by the Year 2000 (HFA) and achievement of this laudable goal through the Primary Health Care (PHC) approach has been accepted unanimously by participant countries of the Alma-Ata Conference in 1978 of which, Turkey is included. However, the approval did not generate as much interest among the policy makers until the 1990s. The year 1990 saw the commencement of attempts to produce a National Health Policy document that centred on the global goal for HFA and PHC in Turkey. …

  10. Community participation in HIV prevention: problems and prospects for community-based strategies among female sex workers in Madras

    This paper examines the concept of strengthening community action within the context of HIV prevention. There is evidence of the potential role of community participation in HIV/AIDS prevention and care efforts. This paper examines problems and prospects for participation in HIV prevention strategies among commercial sex workers in Madras. It is based on the experiences of a pilot project established by the Tamil Nadu State Government AIDS Cell and WHO.

  11. The Narrative of AIDS Among the Tonga of Zambia

    The Tonga of Southern Zambia usually refer to a traditional disease, Kahungo, when talking about AIDS. Such an association of AIDS with a traditional disease could easily be interpreted as a cultural obstacle to an understanding of AIDS and thus to a change of behaviour. However, a close investigation shows that this association is not the result of categorical thinking, but rather of narrative logic. What people are actually articulating when they associate AIDS with kahungo is a narrative about order, disorder and respect for existing rules and values of the society. …

  12. The Encounter Between HIV/AIDS and Education

    This document looks at how HIV/AIDS is conceptualized as having the potential to affect education through ten different mechanisms i.e. …

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