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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Estimates of the Impact of HIV and teacher ART take-up on the Education Sector and the achievement of EFA in Kenya

    An analysis was carried out to indirectly estimate the imapct of HIV on the education sector in Kenyan provinces using the Ed-SIDA model which uses teacher demographic information and combines this with epidemiological projections to determine the number of teachers who are living with HIV, their AIDS absenteeism and associated mortality. The main results were that HIV prevalence among Kenyan teachers can be expected to be high, 15%, due to teachers belonging to vulnerable age groups. …

  2. Teachers living with AIDS: underplaying the role of emotions in the implementation of HIV/AIDS policy in Zimbabwean primary schools

    This study explores how HIV-positive teachers within a specific social context understand, interpret and act on HIV and Life Skills policy.The aim of the author was to illuminate the experiences of teachers living with AIDS and how their experiences affect the ways in which they understand and act on government policy. Three distinct themes emerged from the analysis: a) conflict between teacher as role model and ideal citizen, and teacher as an HIV-positive person; b) HIV illness and its impact on the body of the teachers; c) teachers as emotional actors. …

  3. National teacher training HIV needs assessment Malawi, 2008

    The Theatre for a Change Teacher Training HIV Needs Assessment Survey was carried out in June, 2008, in Malawi's nine Teacher Training Colleges (TTCs) and the teacher training department of Mzuzu University. A total of 754 pre-service teachers were sampled for the survey, with data triangulated through three research tools: questionnaires, semi-structured interviews (SSIs) and activity-based workshops. …

  4. National teacher training HIV baseline survey Malawi 2009

    The Theatre for a Change Teacher Training HIV Baseline Survey was carried out in November, 2008, in five of Malawi's nine primary Teacher Training Colleges (TTCs). 10.1% of the total populations were sampled for the survey, a total of 336 respondents. Data was triangulated through three research tools: questionnaires, semi-structured interviews (SSIs) and activity-based workshops. …

  5. A Study of the Education Sector's Response to HIV and AIDS in Ghana

    The Study of the Education Sector Response to HIV and AIDS in Ghana provides a case study of how the challenges of the HIV and AIDS epidemic are being met by the Government of Ghana, through the Education Strategic Plan, which seeks to promote and apply multiple interventions in the formal education system in response to the epidemic and it's impact. The study shows best practices in gathering information and assessing it in order to "know your epidemic". …

  6. HIV/AIDS and education: experience in changing behaviour: a Kenyan example

    The Primary School Action for Better Health (PSABH) project was first funded on a small scale by DFID in 1999, under a health umbrella programme called HIV and AIDS Prevention and Care (HAPAC). HAPAC was implemented throughout one rural region in Kenya, called Nyanza Province, which borders Lake Victoria. After initial, positive impressions the project was expanded in order to test the potential impact of a large-scale, school-based HIV and AIDS education intervention on pupil knowledge, attitudes and behaviour. …

  7. Courage and hope: stories from teachers living with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa

    It is estimated that there are currently around 122,000 teachers in sub- Saharan Africa who are living with HIV, the vast majority of whom have not sought testing and do not know their HIV status. Stigma remains the greatest challenge and the major barrier to accessing and providing assistance to these teachers. The personal experiences from the 12 teachers presented in this book offer first-hand accounts of the difficult, and sometimes debilitating, challenges faced by teachers living with HIV. …

  8. The response of teacher training institutions to HIV and AIDS: a case study of Ethiopia

    This book explores the current situation with regard to HIV and AIDS in four teacher training institutions in Ethiopia. It aims to analyze their responses to the pandemic and the measures taken to mitigate its impact. Despite the fact that the ministry of education has put in place a nation-wide information system, with the technical assistance of UNESCO, from the federal to the school level, there are no records kept, including impact and response. None of the colleges have developed HIV and AIDS policies, nor have they ever conducted any related planning. …

  9. Responding to HIV and AIDS: the case of a Zambian teacher training institution

    HIV and AIDS constitute a very serious problem in societies with a high HIV and AIDS prevalence, and require urgent and immediate attention on all levels. Education, despite being an area hard hit by the epidemic, is also an area which can help alleviate the problem by educating people in the gravity of the illness, how it can be avoided, and how it can be treated. …

  10. Training teachers in an HIV and AIDS context: experiences from Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda and Zambia

    This synthesis report summarizes main findings from case studies in Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda and Zambia that examined the response of teacher training colleges to HIV and AIDS. The findings show that the epidemic is adversely affecting faculty, staff and the functioning of teacher training colleges and that little is being done to address these issues. A number of reasons for this include: absence of any institutional policy framework on HIV and AIDS; limited institutional resource mobilization; and the stigma surrounding the disease. …

  11. Managing Teachers. The centrality of teacher management to quality education. Lessons from developing countries.

    The report reveals that developing countries often have constrained budgets due to limited resources and in some cases tight fiscal management policies imposed by the International Monetary Fund. It urges governments and donors funding education in developing countries to prioritise teacher management. Ignoring this issue will lead to, poor living and working conditions for teachers and school leaders and ultimately children will be denied their right to a quality education. …

  12. The leadership role of principals in managing HIV and AIDS at schools of the Western Cape education department

    The HIV and AIDS epidemic is deemed the single greatest threat to South Africa's future and its growth is one of the most rapid in the world. The South African government has marked 2006 as the year of accelerated HIV and AIDS prevention. It has become imperative that school leaders empower themselves in order to meaningfully deal with HIV and AIDS issues within the realities of the South African context. School principals are strategically situated to play a significant role in the struggle against HIV and AIDS in large school communities. …

  13. Universities and HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa: the case of Benin

    Between July and September 2000, the first study of the impact of HIV/AIDS on the Universite Nationale du Benin (UNB) was conducted. In the course of the study, more than one hundred people were interviewed, including the Director of Higher Education and the Rector of the University. The study took place on the campuses at Abomey-Calavi, Cotonou and Porto-Novo, as well as in NGOs and public service departments that were not associated with the University or the Ministry of Education and Scientific Research (MENRS). …

  14. Recruiting, retaining and retraining secondary school teachers and principals in Sub-Saharan Africa

    Recruiting, retaining and retraining secondary school teachers and principals in Sub-Saharan Africa is based on country studies in Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Madagascar, Tanzania and Uganda and an extensive literature review. In many parts of Africa, the demand for secondary teachers substantially exceeds the supply due to factors such as secondary teacher attrition, bottlenecks in the teacher preparation system, and perceived unattractive conditions of service. Few countries have strong policies, strategies, and programs for recruiting able secondary leavers to secondary teaching. …

  15. Impact du VIH/SIDA sur les enseignants et l'enseignement dans l'éducation formelle et non formelle en Afrique de l'ouest: rapport de synthèse

    L'étude transnationale sur l'impact du VIH/SIDA dans le secteur de l'éducation est réalisée dans quatre pays, Bénin, Ghana, Guinée, Niger, afin d'identifier les pratiques en cours et d'en dégager les forces et les faiblesses. Il ressort des études de terrain que la politique nationale de lutte contre le VIH/SIDA dans le système éducatif est méconnue des différents partenaires du système de telle sorte que les actions permettant de réduire les impacts sont faibles. …

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