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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Niñas, niños y adolescentes afectados y huérfanos por VIH/sida en el área metropolitana de Buenos Aires

    Estudio detallado de la situación de niñas, niños y adolescentes viviendo con VIH en la ciudad de Buenos Aires.áVías de contagio, año en que se contagiaron, acceso a servicios de salud, estado de salud a la fecha, acceso a la educación y situación familiar. El documento informa de hallazgos y áentrega recomendaciones para evitar más contagios (la principal vía de contagio de este grupo resultó ser transmisión madre-hijo), promoción de acceso a los servicios de salud, integración social, acceso a la educación e ingreso a instituciones especializadas (esto como último recurso).

  2. Barriers to services for children with HIV positive parents. National overview of study on Barriers to services for children with HIV positive parents, Andhra Pradesh Karnataka, Maharashtra, Nagaland, Tamilnadu

    According to the National AIDS Control Organisation (NACO) India has 5.2 million HIV-positive people and an HIV-prevalence of 0.9 percent of adults - about the same as the global average, or the sero-prevalence in North America, Eastern Europe and Central Asia. India's epidemic is concentrated in some 200 districts, most of them in six of the country's 28 states - namely Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Manipur, Nagaland and Tamil Nadu - where HIV-prevalence is more than one percent. There are also limited data on the number of children infected with HIV in India. …

  3. A qualitative review of psychosocial support for young people living with HIV

    The increasing effectiveness and availability of highly active antiretroviral treatment (HAART) during the past decade has resulted in the survival into adolescence of thousands of children born with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) who would otherwise have died in childhood. At the same time, despite growing awareness about effective interventions to prevent HIV transmission among young people, they still make up 45% of new transmissions worldwide. …

  4. Supporting the educational needs of HIV-positive learners in Namibia

    As part of a two-country study (with Tanzania), RAISON was contracted by UNESCO to carry out research into the needs of children in school living with HIV and the extent to which their rights and needs were being fulfilled. Information for this study was derived from 76 respondents in Namibia who contributed to interviews and group discussions in February and March 2008. The research was designed to address the following questions: What barriers face HIV-positive learners in accessing education and staying at school? …

  5. Legal Education and Will Writing. For the Support of Orphans and Vulnerable Children, Persons Living with HIV and other Persons Affected by HIV. Facilitator's Guide

    Legal Education and Will Writing. For the Support of Orphans and Vulnerable Children, Persons Living with HIV and other Persons Affected by HIV. Facilitator's Guide, is a manual developed by the project Global HIV/AIDS Initiative Nigeria funded by USAID and coordinated by Family Health International in Nigeria. The manual presents the basic facts contained in the Nigerian Constitution, the Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination Against Women and the Child's Right Act 2003, and provides practical tips on will writing. …

  6. Como Edificar a Resiliência das Crianças Afectadas por HIV e SIDA

    Como Edificar a Resiliência das Crianças Afectadas por HIV e SIDA esta um manual elaborado por Irmã Silke-Andrea Mallman com a colaboração da Ação Católica de Apoio ao AIDS, Maskew Miller Longman e UNESCO em 2004. Não é necessário que as crianças adoeçam ou que sejam infectadas pelo vírus de HIV para que também sejam afectadas pelas suas consequências. O documento é um guia prático destinado a ajudar a crianças afectadas pelos HIV e AIDS a edificar a sua própria resiliência e equipá-las para melhor controlarem o seu próprio destino. …

  7. End project evaluation for GFATM community based drop-in-centre for street children project, implemented by PAVHNA in Karachi

    The National AIDS Control Programme (NACP) has registered 4047 cases of HIV and 455 cases of AIDS till December 2007. In Pakistan, the epidemic has been registered as concentrated with HIV prevalence among intravenous drug users above 5%. The overall objective of the component under evaluation of Round 2 GFATM (Global Fund for AIDS, Tubercolosis and Malaria) proposal was to improve knowledge of HIV transmission among street children of Karachi from baseline of 5% to 60% by 2006. …

  8. Peer eduction in sexual and reproductive health for HIV-Positive Youth in Romania. Pilot project. Final report

    UNOPA (the National Union of Organizations of Persons Infected/Affected by HIV/AIDS in Romania) is concerned with the fact that HIV-positive youth lack sufficient knowledge and skills that might help them adopt risk-free behaviors in terms of reproductive health, all the more so that HIV-positive young women becoming pregnant need special information and care to adequately protect themselves and the health condition of their babies. …

  9. Supporting the educational needs of HIV-positive learners: lessons from Namibia and Tanzania

    This report is a commissioned review of best practice as well as an exploratory study in two countries, Namibia and Tanzania, to understand how the education sector should support HIV-positive learners at school. The increase in the number of children and young people living with HIV poses new challenges to the education sector. The report identifies the specific challenges faced by the education system in responding to the needs of HIV-positive learners and develops a set of recommendations and guidelines about how best to support them.

  10. Looking after HIV: considering the needs of HIV positive looked after children

    This publication considers the issue of HIV in relation to looked after children. It reflects the widespread research that has highlighted the particular vulnerabilities often experienced by looked after young people concerning their health and well-being; and considers how this relates to managing risk and HIV infection, as well as the care and support needs of those children and young people already diagnosed HIV positive. …

  11. Poner al descubierto la epidemia de VIH/SIDA : Orientaciones para fomentar la revelación beneficiosa, el asesoramiento ético de la pareja y el uso apropiado de la notificación de casos de VIH

    El estudio se concentra sobre los diferentes grupos interesados subrayando los elementos fundamentales en el trabajo con cada uno: jóvenes, mujeres, personas que se inyectan drogas, homosexuales, profesionales del sexo.

  12. HIV in schools: Good practice guide to supporting children infected or affected by HIV

    This guide provides schools and local education authorities (LEAs) with practical information and suggestions on ways of supporting children and young people living with HIV. It addresses schools' concerns about HIV and sets out some simple ways in which a school can provide a supportive environment for infected and affected children. …

  13. Rural children living in farm systems affected by HIV/AIDS: some issues for the rights of the children on the basis of FAO HIV/AIDS studies in Africa

    The objective of this paper is to analyse the situation of children that are infected or affected by HIV/AIDS and that live in farm-households in Africa. The questions raised are: Are rural children living in "exceptionally difficult conditions" and what are their future prospects? Do they receive the special consideration they need on the basis of available resources? Have they been discriminated against? The paper presents some information extracted from FAO studies which shed light on elements for response.

  14. Prevention of HIV transmission from mother to child: strategic options

    Mother-to-child transmission (MTCT)is by far the most significant source of HIV infection among children below the age of 15 years. The purpose of this paper is to review key issues for consideration by policy-makers and planners and to propose ways in which prevention strategies might be tailored to local conditions.

  15. The Development of an Orphans Policy and Programming in Malawi.

    This paper aims at critically reviewing and elaborating the orphan's policy and programming in Malawi. It provides a macrolevel overview of the problem only, as its emphasis is on the development of policy and how it has been applied.

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