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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. AIDS at 35: a midlife crisis

    AIDS was first publicly reported on 5 June 1981 in the Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) of the US Centers for Disease Control (CDC). Doctors in New York and San Francisco were seeing clusters of previously extremely rare diseases such as Pneumocystis carinii, and Kaposi’s sarcoma. These infections manifested in exceptionally serious forms, initially, within a narrowly defined risk group — young, homosexual men, and led to death within a short period. …

  2. Towards ending AIDS in Sri Lanka: a road map

    The road map towards ending AIDS by 2025 consists of strategic directions to be followed in order to achieve the 90-90-90 target set by UNAIDS, namely, that 90% of all people living with HIV know their HIV status, 90% of people with diagnosed HIV infection receive sustainable antiretroviral therapy and 90% of all people receiving antiretroviral therapy achieve viral suppression. These new targets aim to fast-track the national response in the next five years to end AIDS by 2025. …

  3. Situation analysis of legal and regulatory aspects of HIV and AIDS in Seychelles: final report

    This analysis of legal and regulatory aspects in the context of HIV and AIDS seeks to clarify how existing laws, policies and practices and their implementation and enforcement either support or undermine an effective HIV response in the country. This is important to ensure an effective HIV response that protects and promotes the human rights of people living with HIV and of most at risk and vulnerable populations. …

  4. An assessment of the legal and policy environment in response to HIV in Nepal

    This report follows on the recommendation of the Global Commission on HIV and Law in undertaking national reviews and multi-stakeholder consultations by 2015, relating to the legal and policy barriers towards the elimination of HIV-related stigma, discrimination, and violence. …

  5. National HIV/AIDS strategy for the United States: updated to 2020

    This is the first update of the Strategy, which is designed to look ahead to 2020. The Update includes the following changes: The Steps and Recommended Actions under each of the goals have been revised to reflect past progress and activities to meet the Strategy goals; The Update has 10 quantitative indicators—some of which are new additions, and some of which are revised—to better monitor progress and ensure that the Nation is constantly moving in the right direction to achieve its goals. …

  6. Guide relatif au cadre juridique sur la lutte contre le VIH et le SIDA et la protection des droits des personnes vivant avec le VIH (PVVIH)

    Dans l'objectif de poursuivre la lutte contre le VIH et le SIDA dont les effets bénéfiques ont été déjà constatés dans tout le pays, le présent Guide a été élaboré sur l'initiative du Secrétariat Exécutif du Comité National de Lutte contre le Sida pour permettre à chaque citoyen de connaître ses droits concernant la prévention, le dépistage, les soins concernant le VIH et le SIDA ainsi que la protection des droits des personnes vivant avec le VIH et le SIDA.

  7. Cadre juridique sur la lutte contre le VIH et le SIDA et la protection des personnes vivant avec le VIH et le SIDA à Madagascar

    La présente loi a pour objet : de lutter contre la propagation de l’affection causée par le Virus de l’Immunodéficience Humaine (VIH) entraînant la diminution et la perte de défenses immunitaires de l’organisme, se traduisant par le Syndrome d’Immuno-Déficience Acquise (SIDA) ; de protéger les personnes vivant avec le VIH/SIDA contre toutes formes de discrimination ou de stigmatisation ; de réaffirmer leurs droits et libertés fondamentaux conformément aux instruments internationaux relatifs aux droits de l’homme. Elle indique également les mesures de protection des droits du ou des partenaire …

  8. The people living with HIV stigma index: South Africa 2014. Summary Report

    The South African National AIDS Council (SANAC) has announced concrete measures to tackle persistent forms of stigma and discrimination that continue to affect large numbers of people infected with HIV and/or TB. These measures include a legal advice and litigation service offered through the nationwide network of Justice Centres run by Legal Aid South Africa. SANAC Chair Deputy President Cyril Ramaphosa and the Deputy Minister of Health Dr Joe Phaahla launched the campaign on Tuesday 9 June in Durban at the release of nationwide research commissioned by SANAC to establish a Stigma Index. …

  9. Programa de acción específico. Respuesta al VIH, Sida e ITS 2013-2018: Programa sectorial de salud

    El Programa de VIH, Sida e ITS 2013-2018, contiene ocho capítulos. En el capítulo I se establece el marco conceptual que da contexto al desarrollo del Programa; en el capítulo II aparece el marco institucional, el cual detalla los aspectos jurídicos y normativos que fundamentan el presente Programa. En el capítulo III se presenta el diagnóstico de la situación actual de la epidemia del VIH, sida y otras ITS, que incluye las necesidades en salud, los avances en el control y la prevención del VIH y sida hasta 2013 y los retos de la presente Administración. …

  10. VIH y derechos. Guía jurídica y de orientación para las personas con VIH en la Argentina

    Esta publicación explica, desde el enfoque de derechos humanos en salud, la legislación orientada a regular los derechos en Argentina y las vías de acceso a los organismos correspondientes. Asimismo, brinda información sobre los derechos que asisten a las personas con VIH y las herramientas legales que los protegen para hacerlos valer.

  11. National guidelines on HIV/AIDS care and support 2014

    The National Guidelines for HIV/AIDS Care and Support offers general recommendations for the Care and Support of persons living with HIV/AIDS, persons affected by HIV/AIDS and service providers. It provides a general overview of the status of HIV/AIDS Care and Support in Nigeria with emphasis on progress made thus far. The document has six chapters that address the key components of HIV/AIDS Care and Support thus providing an implementable framework for the effective delivery of HIV/AIDS Care and Support services. …

  12. Nutrition assessment, counselling and support for adolescents and adults living with HIV: A programming guide

    This programming guide prepared by the World Food Programme (WFP), the United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) and the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) provides practitioners with useful information for planning and implementing food and nutrition support as part of a comprehensive treatment, care and support programme for adults and adolescents living with HIV. It serves as a resource for governments, UN organizations, donors, civil society, and other organizations providing support to countries.

  13. National HIV legal review report: Review of Myanmar’s legal framework and its effect on access to health and HIV services for people living with HIV and key affected populations

    This report presents the key findings and recommendations of the review of Myanmar's legal framework and its effect on access to health and HIV prevention and treatment services for people living with HIV and key affected populations.The review was conducted through a partnership of UNAIDS, UNDP and Pyoe Pin in the period August - December 2013, in consultation with the National AIDS Programme. …

  14. National dialogues on HIV and the law: A practical manual for UNDP regional HIV teams and country offices

    This manual provides guidance on planning and holding a National Dialogue on HIV and the Law. It highlights key principles, processes, best practices and lessons learned from Regional Dialogues held by the Global Commission on HIV and the Law in 2011, and from countries that have already held a National Dialogue to advance the recommendations of the Global Commission. The manual includes links to practical tools that may be adapted to a specific country context, as well as other resource materials. …

  15. The impact and cost of the HIV/AIDS investment framework for adolescents

    Background: In 2005, the resources needed to support orphans and vulnerable children in sub-Saharan Africa were estimated at US$1.1–4.1 billion. Approaches to support vulnerable children have changed considerably since then. This study updates previous estimates by including new types of support and information on support costs. Methods: We considered 16 types of support categorized as economic strengthening, education support, social care and community outreach, and program support. …

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