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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. A population based survey on HIV prevalence in Nagaland, India

    The primary aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of HIV infection in Nagaland and to study knowledge and attitude of study participants towards HIV/AIDS and related Government programs. A population based survey was carried out during April-October, 2007. Stratified sampling technique was adopted with an anonymous, linked design for HIV testing using Dried Blood Spot Testing Method (Tri-Dot). A total of 1965 households were interviewed in which 5661 eligible respondents (male:15-54 years and female:15-49 years) completed the interview. …

  2. En Paraguay no adoptan niños con VIH y sida

    Artículo de prensa sobre la discriminación que sufren en Paraguay los niños que viven con VIH. Entrevista a Mirta Ruiz Díaz, coordinadora general de la Fundación Vencer Paraguay, quien describe la situación de los niños que viven con VIH en Paraguay y también la situación general de la epidemia a nivel nacional.

  3. Constitución de vanguardia

    Artículo con una breve descripción de la nueva Constitución ecuatoriana aprobada en 2008. Entre otros elementos, reconoce la unión civil entre dos personas sin importar su sexo, sanciona la discriminación por orientación sexual, expresión de género y de personas que viven con VIH.

  4. VIH/SIDA: la situación en Colombia

    La feminización de la epidemia está ocurriendo gradualmente a nivel nacional y en algunas regiones esta realidad es evidente desde hace varios años. Se observa a nivel nacional un progresivo cambio del patrón predominante de transmisión homosexual hacia el predominio de la transmisión por coito heterosexual, particularmente evidente en la región nor-oriental (Santander y Norte de Santander) y en los departamentos de la región Caribe, donde el número de nuevas infecciones en mujeres jóvenes ha aumentado a mayor velocidad que en hombres de la misma edad desde comienzos de los noventa.

  5. How does HIV/AIDS affect the elderly in developing countries?

    Of the estimated 40 million people living with HIV, the vast majority are adults in their prime working years, but as this middle generation dies of AIDS, a generation of young children and a generation of elderly ages 50 and older are left behind (UNAIDS and WHO 2006). The elderly not only lose the support of their adult children, but they must increasingly take on additional familial responsibilities— with potentially adverse effects for their own well-being. Despite extensive amounts of research on the AIDS epidemic, relatively few studies have focused on the elderly. …

  6. From research to practice: use of short course Zidovudine to prevent mother-to-child HIV transmission in the context of routine health-care in Northern Thailand

    From research to practice: use of short course Zidovudine to prevent mother-to-child HIV transmission in the context of routine health-care in Northern Thailand

  7. Psycho social Support of CABA

    This article discusses the various effects that children affected by AIDS are exposed to. The main thrust being that approaches in support of CABA need to be holistic taking into consideration that all aspects of a child's life are under stress due to the situation they are living in.

  8. Quick notes: HIV/AIDS Series: Mother to child Transmission

    Mother to child transmission is defined at HIV infection transmitted from mother to child during pregnancy, delivery, or breastfeeding. Mother to child transmission presents a number of dilemmas for issue of prevention and treatment: Health progress made through breastfeeding promotion is now eroded in trying to reduce the risk of HIV transmission through breast milk; Drug trials for AZT and Nevirapine highlight the ethics of preventing transmission to child in countries where drug access is not available to mother. …

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