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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Reproductive Health Survey Russia 2011: executive summary

    Specific objectives of the RURHS11 were: to assess current levels and trends in fertility, abortion, contraception, and various other reproductive health indicators; to enable policy makers, program managers, and researchers to evaluate existing reproductive health programs and develop new strategies; to study factors that affect fertility, contraceptive use, and maternal and infant health, such as geographic and sociodemographic factors, breastfeeding patterns, use of induced abortion, and availability of family planning services; to identify characteristics of women at increased risk of uni …

  2. The sexual and reproductive health and rights of young people in India: a review of the situation

    This paper synthesises the evidence on sexual and reproductive health situation of young people in India, sheds light on those sub-populations of young people who are most vulnerable to adverse sexual and reproductive outcomes, and assesses the barriers that compromise the sexual and reproductive health and rights of young people at the individual and family levels, as well as at the programme delivery level.

  3. Adolescent women’s need for and use of sexual and reproductive health services in developing countries

    With this report, the authors aim to provide an up-to-date and comprehensive overview of the use of sexual and reproductive health services by adolescent women aged 15–19 in the developing world. Using reliable nationally representative surveys in 70 countries, the report presents 30 indicators that cover a wide range of topics related to the sexual and reproductive health of adolescent women. Chapter 2 outlines the methods and data sources used for this report. Chapter 3 focuses on marriage, sexual activity and contraception. …

  4. The shrinking world of girls at puberty: violence and gender-divergent access to the public sphere among adolescents in South Africa

    Participatory mapping was undertaken with single-sex groups of grade 5 and grade 8–9 children in KwaZulu-Natal. Relative to grade 5 students, wide gender divergence in access to the public sphere was found at grade 8–9. With puberty, girls' worlds shrink, while boys' expand. At grade 5, female-defined community areas were equal or larger in size than those of males. Community area mapped by urban grade 8–9 girls, however, was only one-third that of male classmates and two-fifths that of grade 5 girls. Conversely, community area mapped by grade 8–9 boys was twice that of grade 5 boys. …

  5. Sexual and reproductive health rights and information and communications technologies: A policy review and case study from South Africa

    This report examines the linkages between policies on, and implementation of, sexual and reproductive health rights (SRHR) and ICT in rural and peri-urban spaces in South Africa. South Africa is renowned for its legal provisions addressing SRHR yet also experiences barriers to adolescent sexual health. SRHR programming is politically complex and often ambivalent; as a result less contentious aspects which emphasise maternal health get prioritised. …

  6. The need for quality sexual and reproductive health education to address barriers to girls’ educational outcomes in South Africa

    South Africa has made significant strides in enrolling girls in school, particularly at the basic education level, with high gender parity indexes (GPI) at the primary school level. However, the high attrition rate at the secondary level and the poor quality of educational experiences and learning opportunities, for girls in particular, remain areas of concern. …

  7. Adolescent Fertility in Low-and Middle-Income Countries: Effects and Solutions

    Adolescent fertility in low- and middle-income countries presents a severe impediment to development and can lead to school dropout, lost productivity, and the intergenerational transmission of poverty. However, there is debate about whether adolescent pregnancy is a problem in and of itself or merely symptomatic of deeper, ingrained disadvantage. To inform policy choices and create a revised research agenda for population and development, this paper aggregates recent quantitative evidence on the socioeconomic consequences of and methods to reduce of teenage pregnancy in the developing world. …

  8. Improving the HIV response for women in Latin America: barriers to integrated advocacy for sexual and reproductive health and rights

    Civil society plays an important health governance role by influencing international sexual, reproductive health and HIV agendas as expressed in international conferences; monitoring and evaluating implementation; and holding governments accountable for their commitments. Integration of sexual and reproductive health (SRH) and HIV services to achieve the health-related MDGs would seem to be a strategic joint advocacy agenda for the women's sexual and reproductive health movement and HIV activists, particularly women living with HIV. …

  9. The Right to Contraceptive Information and Services for Women and Adolescents

    This briefing paper examines the rights of women and adolescents to access contraceptive information and services. It provides practical guidance for activists, scholars, UN agencies, nongovernmental organizations, governments, and other actors working in the area of sexual and reproductive health to integrate human rights into programs and policies. …

  10. Sexualidade de mulheres vivendo com HIV/AIDS em São Paulo

    O artigo apresenta um estudo realizado com 1.068 mulheres soropositivas. Os questionários elaborados visavam descrever os aspectos da vida sexual e reprodutiva das entrevistadas, bem como a maneira como elas percebiem o aconselhamento nesta área fornecido pelos Centros de Referências. Constatou-se que o conhecimento sobra a transmissão materno-infantil é reduzido, e as entrevistadas também se referiram ao pocuo espaço e acolhimento para discutir sexualidade, emáespecial suas intenções reprodutivas. …

  11. La sexualité et la grossesse de la femme confrontée au VIH/sida

    À partir du constat des bénéfices associés à la thérapie antirétrovirale - amélioration des conditions de vie de personnes séropositives, augmentation de leur espérance de vie, etc. - et du fait que la personne séropositive peut désormais envisager la grossesse, l'article indique la nécessité de la prise en charge de ce souhait de fonder une famille par les équipes soignante, tout en soulignant l'importance de la minimisation maximale du risque de contamination et les avantages de la procréation médicalement assistée.

  12. Monitoramento das metas da UNGASS-Aids em saúde sexual e reprodutiva das mulheres

    1- Pressupostos: Metade das pessoas vivendo com HIV/Aids no mundo são mulheres; no Brasil o número de casos entre mulheres tem aumentado progressivamente desde o início da epidemia. Atualmente, o número de casos novos entre mulheres jovens supera o dos rapazes. A redução dos casos de infecção pelo HIV em mulheres depende de ações voltadas para a sua saúde sexual e reprodutiva; no entanto, a saúde sexual e reprodutiva não depende apenas de ações dos serviços, mas também da autonomia das mulheres sobre seus corpos. …

  13. Mujeres frente al VIH

    Entrevista a la antropóloga Ángela Facundo, que está llevando una investigación sobre la vulnerabilidad frente al VIH por parte de las mujeres en varias ciudades de Colombia. Describe la situación general del VIH en mujeres en Bogotá, Bucaramanga, Barranquilla, Medellín y Cali y los resultados que está arrojando la investigación.

  14. A measure of commitment: women's sexual and reproductive health risk index for Sub-Saharan Africa

    In 2008 the number of African women who died from pregnancy and child birth was much higher than the number of casualties from all the major conflicts in Africa combined. Maternal mortality continues to be the major cause of death among women of reproductive age (15-49) in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). This report looks at the performance of sub Saharan African countries in meeting reproductive health targets in 47 countries and ranks them using a set of ten indicators in order of the highest to lowest risk. …

  15. Adolescent girls literacy initiative for reproductive health (a GIFT for RH)

    The goal of "GIFT for RH" project is to increase the ability of illiterate and out-of-school adolescent girls aged 10-19 living in remote regions of Nepal to make and act on informed decisions regarding their reproductive health and rights as well as to make the community and their peers aware of the same, by the girls' participating in Lalima literacy classes given in Adolescent Girls' Groups (AGGs). The programme was implemented by Aamaa Milan Kendra (Mothers' Club) with technical and financial support from Centre for Development and Population Activities (CEDPA). …

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