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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. The sexual and reproductive health and rights of young people in India: a review of the situation

    This paper synthesises the evidence on sexual and reproductive health situation of young people in India, sheds light on those sub-populations of young people who are most vulnerable to adverse sexual and reproductive outcomes, and assesses the barriers that compromise the sexual and reproductive health and rights of young people at the individual and family levels, as well as at the programme delivery level.

  2. Teenage, married and out of school. Effects of early marriage and childbirth on school dropout

    In this paper, we tackle the question of causality between early marriage and school dropout, using data from the Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) from nine Southern and Eastern African countries. By comparing school participation patterns of girls who were married before or during the school year in question to those were never married, we are able to establish a sequence of events and therefore, a more solid foundation for treating marriage as a cause of school dropout. In short, the first research question for this paper is as follows: Research Question 1. …

  3. Informe país: Uruguay

    Informe de Uruguay para el proyecto "VIH/Sida + Violencia. Dos caras de una misma realidad: Violencia contra las mujeres y VIH en el Mercosur", realizado en Argentina, Brasil, Chile y Uruguay. Describe la situación de la violencia contra la mujer y su relación con el VIH/sida en ese país. Detalla las políticas públicas y las acciones de la sociedad civil al respecto. Incluye estadísticas.

  4. Informe de país: Chile

    Informe de Chile para el proyecto "VIH/Sida + Violencia. Dos caras de una misma realidad: Violencia contra las mujeres y VIH en el Mercosur" realizado en Argentina, Brasil, Chile y Uruguay. Se detalla la situación de la violencia contra la mujer y su relación con el VIH/sida en Chile. Se describen las políticas públicas al respectoáy las acciones de la sociedad civil.

  5. Violencia contra las mujeres y VIH en el MERCOSUR: Brasil. Informe de datos secundarios

    Informe de Brasil del proyecto "VIH/Sida + Violencia. Dos caras de una misma realidad", llevado a cabo en Argentina, Brasil, Chile y Uruguay. Este documento describe la situación de la violencia contra la mujer y su relación con el VIH/sida en Brasil. Se detallan las acciones llevadas a cabo por el gobierno y las de la organizaciones de la sociedad civil. Incluye estadísticas.

  6. The association between violence against women and HIV: evidence from a national population-based survey in Zimbabwe

    Violence against women has been associated with increased risk of HIV infection among women. In Zimbabwe, both violence against women and HIV are widespread. Although Zimbabwe has been experiencing a significant decline of adult HIV prevalence in recent years, women remain disproportionately infected and affected by the epidemic. The 2005-06 Zimbabwe Demographic and Health Survey (ZDHS) provides the first national estimate of the prevalence of violence against women and also the first population-based estimates of HIV prevalence and patterns. …

  7. Violencia contra las mujeres y VIH/sida en cuatro países del MERCOSUR: Estadísticas, políticas públicas, legislación y estado del arte

    El presente informe se realizó en el marco del Proyecto "Dos caras de una misma realidad. Violencia contra las mujeres y feminización del VIH en el Mercosur", realizado en Argentina, Brasil, Chile y Uruguay con el apoyo del Fondo Fiduciario del Fondo de Desarrollo de Naciones Unidas para la Mujer (UNIFEM). Como parte de dicho proyecto, en 2008 las organizaciones responsables de cada país elaboraron un informe de situación nacional en base a una guía común de manera de contar con información comparable. …

  8. Dos caras de una misma realidad: violencia contra las mujeres y feminización del VIH/SIDA en el MERCOSUR

    Resumen de un proyecto que se desarrolla en cuatro países del MERCOSUR: Argentina, Brasil, Chile y Uruguay. Tiene como objetivo central visibilizar la magnitud de la intersección entre la violencia contra las mujeres y el VIH/SIDA.

  9. State of world population 2009 : facing a changing world: women, population and climate

    The report contends that strengthening the response to the AIDS epidemic will mean that individuals, communities and societies will have greater social resilience in the face of a range of climate change threats and will be better able to deal with their consequences. HIV and climate change are perceived as profoundly linked, a perception shared by a range of UN bodies, including UNAIDS and the United Nations Environment Programme, UNEP. …

  10. Boletín: Prevención del VIH para niñas y mujeres jóvenes

    El Boletín de Notas resume la situación al 2007 de las estrategias de prevención del VIH y los servicios para niñas y mujeres jóvenes entre 15 y 24 años de edad en México. Contiene un análisis de cinco componentes claves que influyen en la prevención del VIH, a saber: 1. Disposiciones legales; 2. Disposiciones políticas; 3. Disponibilidad de los servicios; 4. Accesibilidad de los servicios; 5. Participación y derechos. Además, ofrece recomendaciones a los principales actores para incrementar la acción en estrategias de prevención del VIH y los servicios para niñas y mujeres jóvenes en México.

  11. Epidemic of Inequality. Women's Rights and HIV/AIDS in Botswana and Swaziland. An Evidence-Based Report on the Effects of Gender Inequity, Stigma and Discrimination

    Deeply entrenched gender inequities perpetuate the AIDS pandemic in Botswana and Swaziland, the two countries with the highest HIV prevalence in the world. The legal systems in both countries grant women lesser status than men, restricting property, inheritance and other rights. Social, economic and cultural practices create, enforce and perpetuate legalized gender inequalities and discrimination in all aspects of women's lives. …

  12. Access of girls and women to scientific, technical and vocational education in Africa

    UNESCO's General Conference at its 28th session (Paris 1995), budgeted a project on 'Technical, scientific and vocational training for young girls in Africa'. Pursuant to this decision, the Regional Office for Education in Africa in Dakar (BREDA), in cooperation with headquarters started with a preparatory phase to implement the project aimed at identifying what determines girls being guided into scientific and technical streams. During 1996-1997, surveys were conducted in twenty English and French countries in Africa. …

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