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Young people are at the heart of the HIV/AIDS pandemic. Not only are they disproportionately represented in terms of new infections, but they are also key to overcoming the disease. Effective HIV prevention efforts that focus on youth are crucial to reversing the pandemic. The World Bank is one of the largest official financiers of HIV/AIDS programs in the world, with over $2.7 billion committed for HIV/AIDS prevention, care, support and treatment since 1988. …
Treatment for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection has enabled more children and youths to attend school and participate in school activities. Children and youths with HIV infection should receive the same education as those with other chronic illnesses. They may require special services, including home instruction, to provide continuity of education. Confidentiality about HIV infection status should be maintained with parental consent required for disclosure. Youths also should assent or consent as is appropriate for disclosure of their diagnosis.
Peter Piot, director ejecutivo del ONUSIDA, analiza las causas de la epidemia. A su juicio, la principal arma para cambiar el comportamiento sexual de los jóvenes sigue siendo la educación.
Varios organismos del gobierno de Brasil están involucrados en proyectos cuyo objetivo es mejorar la salud de los jóvenes. Estas iniciativas concentran sus esfuerzos en capacitar a profesionales de la salud, educadores y trabajadores sociales, de manera que puedan abordar apropiadamente aquellos temas específicos que deben enfrentar los adolescentes respecto a la sexualidad