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Treatment for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection has enabled more children and youths to attend school and participate in school activities. Children and youths with HIV infection should receive the same education as those with other chronic illnesses. They may require special services, including home instruction, to provide continuity of education. Confidentiality about HIV infection status should be maintained with parental consent required for disclosure. Youths also should assent or consent as is appropriate for disclosure of their diagnosis.
This original article addresses the sexual and reproductive health needs of young people aged 15 to 24 in Latin America. It introduces five articles from original research projects in three countries: Argentina, Brazil, and Peru. These projects were funded by the World Health Organization. This article explains the importance of studies that address the sexual and reproductive health of young people in developing countries. It provides an overview of sexual and reproductive health issues in Latin America and a discussion these issues in the three study countries.
Peter Piot, director ejecutivo del ONUSIDA, analiza las causas de la epidemia. A su juicio, la principal arma para cambiar el comportamiento sexual de los jóvenes sigue siendo la educación.
Varios organismos del gobierno de Brasil están involucrados en proyectos cuyo objetivo es mejorar la salud de los jóvenes. Estas iniciativas concentran sus esfuerzos en capacitar a profesionales de la salud, educadores y trabajadores sociales, de manera que puedan abordar apropiadamente aquellos temas específicos que deben enfrentar los adolescentes respecto a la sexualidad