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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Trends in HIV prevalence and sexual behaviour among young people aged 15-24 years in countries most affected by HIV

    Objectives: In 2001 the United Nations (UN) Declaration of Commitment was signed by 189 countries with a goal to reduce HIV prevalence among young people by 25% by 2010. Progress towards this target is assessed. In addition, changes in reported sexual behaviour among young people aged 15e24 years are investigated. Methods: Thirty countries most affected by HIV were invited to participate in the study. Trends in HIV prevalence among young antenatal clinic (ANC) attendees were analysed using data from sites that were consistently included in surveillance between 2000 and 2008. …

  2. Accelerating the Education Sector Response to HIV: Five Years of Experience from Sub-Saharan Africa

    This review was undertaken by the Ministry of Education Focal Points for school health and HIV/AIDS from countries in Sub-Saharan Africa participating in the Accelerate Initiative, together with representatives of stakeholders and partners, using data collated during the 2007 school health and HIV/AIDS Focal Point Survey. …

  3. National plans of action for orphans and vulnerable children in sub-Saharan Africa. Where are the youngest children?

    In 2005, an estimated 48 million children aged 0-18 years, that is to say 12 percent of all children in sub-Saharan Africa, were orphans, and that number is expected to rise to 53 million by 2010. One quarter of all orphans are orphaned because of AIDS, and about 2.6 million children are currently infected with HIV. In response to the general awareness of the increasing number of these children, a global initiative to develop national plans of action (NPAs) for these orphans and vulnerable children (OVCs), or children affected by HIV and AIDS, has been launched. …

  4. Current issues in the economics of HIV/AIDS

    This slideshow presents the scale of the epidemic in Africa, by describing the dynamics and the effects on the demography. The second part describes a case study in Kwazulu natal province, on the impacts of HIV/AIDS on Education (enrolment, absenteeism, loss of educators...).

  5. Discours préventifs du sida et lycéens abidjanais (Abidjan - Côte d'Ivoire) : analyse et réception

    Ce travail avait pour objectifs de: - Identifier quelques représentations des jeunes scolarisés relatives à l'autre sexe, aux rapports sexuels et au préservatif masculin.- Appréhender la réception chez ces jeunes scolarisés des discours préventifs du sida.- Définir une problématique relative à la prévention du sida en direction des jeunes pour un projet de thèse.Concernant la prévention du sida chez les jeunes, les principales conclusions d'une enquête réalisée en mai 2006 dans des lycées abidjanais sont les suivantes:- lesélèves adhèrent à l'idée qu'il faut assurer une prévention du sidaauprè …

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