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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Orphans and vulnerable children and national development instruments: lessons learnt for successful integration

    The paper examines the degree to which orphans and other vulnerable children is addressed in national development instruments in eastern and southern Africa, assuming that integration brings tangible benefits for orphans and vulnerable children. …

  2. Progress in the national response to orphans and other vulnerable children in sub-Saharan Africa. The OVC policy and planning effort index (OPPEI) 2007 round

    This report presents the results of the analysis of the orphans and other vulnerable children (OVC) Policy and Planning Effort Index (OPPEI) in sub-Saharan Africa and reviews progress made in effort since 2004. The OVC Policy and Planning Effort Index (OPPEI) was developed by UNICEF, USAID and the Futures Group to measure the response by countries in Sub-Saharan Africa to the crisis facing orphans and other vulnerable children (OVC) as a result of the HIV and AIDS epidemic. …

  3. Toward multi-sectoral responses to HIV/AIDS: implications for Education for Rural People (ERP). Ministerial seminar on education for rural people in Africa: policy lessons, options and priorities

    The education sector, very large cadre of government employees, faces impacts of HIV/AIDS both on supply and demand sides. On the supply side, HIV/AIDS affects education because of the loss of trained teachers and the reduced productivity of relevant personnel (teachers, administrators, management, etc.) through illness, caring for infected family members, and participation in funerals. …

  4. National plans of action for orphans and vulnerable children in sub-Saharan Africa. Where are the youngest children?

    In 2005, an estimated 48 million children aged 0-18 years, that is to say 12 percent of all children in sub-Saharan Africa, were orphans, and that number is expected to rise to 53 million by 2010. One quarter of all orphans are orphaned because of AIDS, and about 2.6 million children are currently infected with HIV. In response to the general awareness of the increasing number of these children, a global initiative to develop national plans of action (NPAs) for these orphans and vulnerable children (OVCs), or children affected by HIV and AIDS, has been launched. …

  5. Youth reproductive and sexual health

    The study provides information on key reproductive and sexual health indicators in young women and men age 15-24 in 38 developing countries. The data come from Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) and AIDS Indicator Surveys (AIS) conducted between 2001 and 2005. Indicators are selected for the following key areas: background characteristics; adolescent pregnancy; contraception; sexual activity; and HIV/AIDS-related knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors. Additional analysis examines the association of various individual and household characteristics with the key indicators.

  6. Are Africans practicing safer sex: evidence from demographic and health surveys for eight countries

    The authors use repeated rounds of Demographic and Health Survey data from eight african countries to examine changes in and determinants of three HIV risk behaviors: age at first intercourse; number of current sexual partners, and use of condoms. They find some evidence of changes in sample composition, which is easily handled in a multivariate framework, and find evidence as well of changes in how people respond to questions about HIV behavior. …

  7. Handbook for literacy and non-formal education facilitators in Africa

    Presently 50% of the adult population is illiterate in 17 of African countries (Benin, Burkina Faso, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of Congo, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Madagascar, Mali, Mozambique, Niger, Senegal and Sierra-Leone). This handbook prepared by a group of experts constitutes the first step towards developing a holistic regional resource package for capacity building of NFE personnel in Africa. …

  8. A report of the eastern African ministries of education HIV/AIDS focal points meeting, UN House, Abuja, Nigeria, 7th December 2005

    An all day meeting of the Ministries of Education Focal Points (FPs) for HIV/AIDS was conducted in Abuja Nigeria on Wednesday the 7th of 2005. The main objectives of the meeting were: i) to provide an opportunity for the Focal Points to start building a team, ii) exchange information on how their countries are responding to the impact of HIV/AIDS on their countries' education sector; and iii) to develop the network's vision, mission and 2006 work plan.

  9. A synthesis of institutional arrangements of national aids commissions in Africa

    This paper presents a synthesis of institutional arrangements and issues currently facing National AIDS Councils/Commissions (NACs) in 2007. In this paper the term National AIDS Council or Commission or NAC is used to describe a stand-alone institution, independent of a government ministry, and usually comprising a governance body (the Board) and an operational body (the Secretariat), which, taken together form the National AIDS Council or Commission (NAC). …

  10. School health toolkit: The FRESH Framework: Focusing Resources on Effective School Health, Hygiene, and Nutrition Programs: A Toolkit for Task Managers

    A toolkit to assist task managers to prepare quality school health and nutrition programmes as components of World Bank projects. The toolkit is based on Focus Resources on Effective School Health (FRESH) framework of best practices in school health and nutrition. The kit contains specific examples of school health and nutrition components for education; health, nutrition, population; and early childhood development projects.

  11. Edutainment for development and sexual health

    This issue of Sexual Health Exchange published by SAFAIDS and the Royal Institute (KIT) is devoted to edutainment for development and sexual health. The term "edutainment" combines the ideas of education and entertainment by using the performing art as a vehicle of change and education. The issue features several edutainment programmes in Asia and Africa that use drama, theatre, puppetry, music, edu-clowns, street plays as a vehicle of change and education.

  12. Why good reproductive health is critical to the well-being of youth [fact sheet]

    The fact sheet first explains why good reproductive health for young people is important and then presents a situation of the reproductive lives of young people today. Lastly, the paper recounts what the international community has agreed to do to support the reproductive health of young people.

  13. Condom social marketing : selected case studies

    The document presents applications of different social marketing techniques drawn from on-going projects in developing countries in the field of reproductive health and prevention of HIV/AIDS and STDs.

  14. Education and HIV/AIDS: a sourcebook of HIV/AIDS prevention programs

    The Sourcebook aims to support efforts by countries to strengthen the role of the education sector in the prevention of HIV/AIDS by sharing their practical experience of designing and implementing programs that are targeted at school-age children. The Sourcebook provides concise summaries of programs (which were selected because they showed promise where and when they were implemented), using a standard format that highlights their main elements and makes it easier to compare them with each other. …

  15. Where teachers fear to tread - communicating about HIV/AIDS in Mozambique

    In Mozambique teachers have been given a major role in promoting HIV/AIDS awareness and behavioural change among children. Teachers' own experiences and attitudes will influence how they deal with this challenge. This paper presents the results of a three-month study of teachers in Mozambique and provides a kaleidoscope of personal accounts of the impact of HIV/AIDS on teachers' lives and their work, how children are confronted with the disease, and how instructors perceive their role as communicators in combating this pandemic. …

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