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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Evaluation of a school-based sexuality and HIV prevention activity in South Africa. Midline qualitative report

    With support from the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and in partnership with the South African National Department of Basic Education (DBE), the MEASURE Evaluation project is conducting an impact evaluation of the implementation of scripted lesson plans (SLPs) and supporting activities that were developed to increase the rigor and uniformity of a life skills program for in-school youth. …

  2. University narratives. HIV curriculum integration: a unique strength in the national HIV response

    This report brings together a collection of narratives from 20 universities in South Africa looking at how higher education can contribute to the country's HIV response and its impact on young people in particular.

  3. How effective is comprehensive sexuality education in preventing HIV?

    This brief discusses the effectiveness of comprehensive sexuality education (CSE) in preventing HIV, and lists key findings and recommendations. It concludes that CSE is effective in decreasing HIV risk factors in adolescents and young people, and improving sexual and reproductive health (SRH) in general, including creating demand for SRH services. …

  4. HIV knowledge, attitudes and behaviours: The situation at technical, vocational education and training (TVET) colleges in South Africa

    The HSRC 2012 population-based survey of national HIV prevalence, incidence and behaviour reported that there were approximately 469 000 new HIV infections in 2012 (Shisana et al. 2014). More than one-third of these infections (192 000) were among young people in the 15–24 years age group, with females accounting for 90% of new infections. Among those 25 years and older, 300 000 new infections were estimated, with the highest number of infections among females (175 000) compared to males (125 000). …

  5. Rethinking HIV-prevention for school-going young people based on current behaviour patterns

    The aim of the research was to gain increased knowledge regarding the sexual risk behaviour of school-going young people in South Africa after two decades of HIV-education in schools, to contribute to the development of improved HIV prevention strategies. In collaboration with the Department of Education, a sample of 5305 learners (between 10 and 18 years in Grades 5–12) from high-risk communities were identified. …

  6. Life skills as a behaviour change strategy in the prevention of HIV and AIDS: perceptions of students in an open and distance learning institution

    The prevention of HIV and AIDS, especially amongst young people, is very important, as they are the future leaders. South Africa carries a high burden of the HIV and AIDS disease, and efforts at the prevention of the disease need to be intensified. University students are also at risk, and prevention efforts need to be intensified to ensure that students graduate and enter the world of work to become productive citizens. Failure to pay attention to preventative behaviour amongst university students may have negative socio-economic consequences for the country. …

  7. Another lost generation? The impact of HIV/AIDS on schooling in South Africa

    The South African education system is faced with the difficult task of redressing the inequalities and backlogs created by the racially segregated and unequally resourced apartheid structure. The system is also faced with the responsibility of reintroducing a culture of teaching and learning in the nation’s schools after the anti-apartheid struggle’s ‘freedom now, education later!’ slogan, a time when protest action brought about disruptions in young people’s education, and the much lamented ‘lost generation’. …

  8. Insight into the management and diffusion strategies of HIV/AIDS information in institutions of higher education in South Africa

    The study focuses on the management and diffusion of HIV/AIDS information in institutions of higher learning in South Africa. The HIV/AIDS policy for educators, learners and students provided a strong foundation on government involvement on HIV/AIDS management in higher education. Both qualitative and quantitative research design and methodologies were employed largely through survey, observation and document analysis. …

  9. The Health of educators in public schools in South Africa

    The provision of good quality education in public sector schools in South Africa is intrinsically linked to the health, wellbeing and productivity of educators employed in this sector. …

  10. Experimental evaluation of school-based HIV programs in sub-Saharan Africa

    School-based adolescent health education programs represent a durable strategy in reducing the spread of HIV because they can leverage pre-existing social and organizational structures to reach large fractions of students at critical life stages. Many evaluations of school-based HIV programs draw on multilevel study designs that assign schools to treatment conditions or assign students to treatment conditions within blocks defined by school membership. …

  11. The effect of a conditional cash transfer on HIV incidence in young women in rural South Africa (HPTN 068): a phase 3, randomised controlled trial

    Cash transfers have been proposed as an intervention to reduce HIV-infection risk for young women in sub-Saharan Africa. However, scarce evidence is available about their effect on reducing HIV acquisition. The authors aimed to assess the effect of a conditional cash transfer on HIV incidence among young women in rural South Africa. Based on their research findings, the authors draw the conclusion that cash transfers conditional on school attendance did not reduce HIV incidence in young women. School attendance significantly reduced risk of HIV acquisition, irrespective of study group. …

  12. Integrating HIV and AIDS into the curriculum at the University of Pretoria: time for transformation?

    This study set out to explore whether and how HIV and AIDS have been integrated into curricula at UP over a period of 15 years and what the future of HIV Curriculum Integration (HCI) might be. Recent student protests served to challenge the relevance of HCI, and emphasise the importance of considering how best to approach HCI, and how to relate HCI to issues such as power, race, gender and institutional culture. …

  13. A desktop review of HIV and AIDS curricular responses in the higher education sector - with a particular focus on the local, African and internationally published literature

    The purpose of this review is to undertake a desktop analysis of all the published work on the integration of HIV and AIDS into the curriculum of higher education. This will determine what has been done in terms of integration; what work has been evaluated as successful; and what lessons have been learnt.

  14. HIV and AIDS related knowledge, attitudes and behaviours of students and staff at South African technical and vocational education and training colleges in South Africa, 2014

    The present national survey of knowledge, attitudes and behaviours (KAB) of students and staff at technical and vocational education and training (TVET) colleges was the first to be conducted in this sector and served to obtain baseline measures on knowledge, attitudes and behaviour pertaining to HIV and related risk factors. This survey explored HIV/AIDS and related factors that affect the sector and which need to be addressed in order to mitigate the impact of the HIV and TB co-epidemic within it: 1. The overall knowledge, attitudes and behaviours towards HIV/AIDS in the TVET sector; 2. …

  15. Baseline/situational study: towards understanding HIV and AIDS teaching and learning at TVET colleges

    The purpose of this study is to determine gaps and challenges as well as possible good practice in the current implementation of HIV and AIDS education in TVET Colleges. The baseline/situational analysis is intended to provide insight into barriers, and enabling mechanisms, that serve to either inhibit or promote the integration of HIV and AIDS content into the curriculum, so that HIV and AIDS education in TVET Colleges can generally be strengthened.

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