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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. School health in South Africa: reflections on the past and prospects for the future

    School health has received unprecedented attention in South Africa over the past five years and has consequently evolved from relative obscurity into a priority programme on the agendas of both the Department of Health (DoH) and of Basic Education (DBE). In the Department of Health, school health is one of three priority streams in the re-engineering of Primary Health Care (PHC). In the Department of Basic Education, progress with school health now forms a regular part of the DBE annual report. …

  2. The utilisation of psychological support services in primary schools in Gauteng

    This qualitative study was conducted in four Gauteng public primary schools to assess the utilisation of psychological support services. Individual and focus group interviews were conducted with various stakeholders. The results indicated an underutilisation of Psychological Support Services attributed to lack of staff within the support services, an abundance of paperwork, staff turnover and unavailability, and inefficient response time to requests. …

  3. Parents' perceptions of HIV counselling and testing in schools: ethical, legal and social implications

    In view of the high prevalence of HIV and AIDS in South Africa, particularly among adolescents, the Departments of Health and Education have proposed a school-based HIV counselling and testing (HCT) campaign to reduce HIV infections and sexual risk behaviour. Through the use of semi-structured interviews, our qualitative study explored perceptions of parents regarding the ethico-legal and social implications of the proposed campaign. Despite some concerns, parents were generally in favour of the HCT campaign. …

  4. Condom access in South African schools: law, policy, and practice

    South Africa’s recently adopted Children’s Act provides children the right to access reproductive health services as a way of addressing the HIV pandemic, but there remains confusion about how socially divisive rights provided for by the Act, such as condom access for youth, will be achieved. The Children’s Act, together with South African government policies, allows individual schools to decide whether to distribute condoms, but most school staff are unaware of South African policy and regulations governing condom provision in schools. …

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