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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. HIV-related discrimination among grade six students in nine southern African countries

    Background: HIV-related stigmatisation and discrimination by young children towards their peers have important consequences at the individual level and for our response to the epidemic, yet research on this area is limited. Methods: We used nationally representative data to examine discrimination of HIV-positive children by grade six students (n = 39,664) across nine countries in Southern Africa: Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe. …

  2. Reducing HIV stigma and discrimination: a critical part of national AIDS programmes

    Despite the pervasiveness of HIV-related stigma and discrimination in national HIV epidemics and their harmful impact in terms of public health and human rights, they remain seriously neglected issues in most national responses to HIV. National AIDS programmes - together with key partners - can take concrete steps to address these critical obstacles and help pave the way towards universal access to prevention, treatment, care and support. …

  3. HIV-related stigma, discrimination and human rights violations. Case studies of successful programmes

    From the start of the AIDS epidemic, stigma and discrimination have fuelled the transmission of HIV and have greatly increased the negative impact associated with the epidemic. HIV-related stigma and discrimination continue to be manifest in every country and region of the world, creating major barriers to preventing further infection, alleviating impact and providing adequate care, support and treatment. Projects, programmes and activities in a range of countries have innovatively challenged HIV-related stigma, discrimination and human rights violations. …

  4. Understanding and challenging HIV stigma : Additional activities

    The CHANGE project and ICRW (2003) worked in conjunction with NGOS in Ethiopia, Zambia, and Tanzania to construct these additional activities to accompany their toolkit for action. There are 69 activities in this work that fit into the 7 modules from the toolkit. The target groups are AIDS professionals and community groups, with the hope that the toolkit will benefit trainers and others working in the area of HIV/AIDS by providing the information necessary to recognize and combat stigma. …

  5. Understanding and challenging HIV stigma: toolkit for action

    The CHANGE project and ICRW worked in conjunction with NGOS in Ethiopia, Zambia, and Tanzania to construct this toolkit of information and activities. The kit contains 7 modules, each accompanied by several exercises (a total of 57). The target groups are AIDS professionals and community groups, with the hope that the toolkit will benefit trainers and others working in the area of HIV/AIDS by providing the information necessary to recognize and combat stigma. The exercises utilize participatory learning methods with lessons that have clear instructions, time frames and tasks. …

  6. Disentangling HIV and AIDS Stigma in Ethiopia, Tanzania and Zambia

    The International Center for Research on Women (ICRW), in partnership with organizations in Ethiopia, Tanzania, and Zambia, led a study of HIV and AIDS-related stigma and discrimination in these three countries. This project, conducted from April 2001 to September 2003, unraveled the complexities around stigma by investigating the causes, manifestations and consequences of HIV and AIDS-related stigma and discrimination in sub-Saharan Africa. …

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