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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Child consent in South African law: Implications for researchers, service providers and policy-makers

    Children under 18 are legal minors who, in South African law, are not fully capable of acting independently without assistance from parents/legal guardians. However, in recognition of the evolving capacity of children, there are exceptional circumstances where the law has granted minors the capacity to act independently. …

  2. The road to safety. Strengthening protection for LGBTI refugees in Uganda and Kenya

    In this report, Human Rights First has provided a comprehensive road map of practical steps that the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), the U.S. government, host states, and other key actors should take to protect LGBTI refugees from violence and provide them with equal access to protection and effective durable solutions. This road map will be particularly useful as UNHCR, U.S. agencies, and other actors take steps to implement commitments to address the gaps in protection facing vulnerable LGBTI refugees. …

  3. Assessment of the current level of human rights understanding in Swaziland

    Although this study is the assessment of human rights understanding in Swaziland, it is broader not only in the sense that it has tried to gauge attitudes and to some extent practices which it is believed would qualify these levels of understanding. Furthermore, key informants were approached to put human rights in context with regard to the various constituencies that exist in the country. To this end the study contains some specific references to current legislation as well as the Constitutional dispensation. …

  4. Break another silence: understanding sexual minorities and taking action for sexual rights in Africa

    This booklet is about marginalised sexualities and human rights. It is written for people working in civil society and government organisations, with a focus on Africa, particularly the Horn, East, and Central Africa. This booklet is to encourage staff in civil society and government organisations to: understand sexual rights as human rights; to become aware of the ongoing abuses of sexual minorities' human rights including lack of access to essential services; and to take action to protect rights for all, including minority groups. Chapter 1 focuses on basic information and key debates. …

  5. Legislation contagion: the spread of problematic new HIV laws in Western Africa

    Ce numérode la Revue VIH/SIDA, Droit et politique évoque la question de la la législation mise en oeuvre en réponse au VIH et au SIDA. Les lois modèles peuvent être un élément utile à la lutte contre le VIH/sida, mais à condition d'être solidement ancrées dans les principes des droits humains. En 2004, l'organisme AWARE-HIV/AIDS a préparé une loi type sur le VIH, pour l'Afrique occidentale. Quelques pays de cette région ont déjà rédigé des lois nationales fondées sur cette loi type. Dans ce principal article de la revue, certaines des principales dispositions de cette loi type sont étudiées. …

  6. Comments to Uganda's Parliamentary Committee on HIV/AIDS and related matters about the HIV/AIDS Prevention and Control Bill

    This document presents Human Rights Watch's concerns about the HIV/AIDS Prevention and Control Bill in Uganda, particularly relating to: HIV testing and counseling, generally and among minors; Notification and disclosure obligations; Criminalization of HIV transmission and Criminalization of other conduct related to HIV/AIDS.

  7. Rapid assessment: the situation of children in South Africa

    This report is aimed at providing an overview of the situation of children in South Africa, with a focus on the nonfulfilment and violation of children's rights as formulated in the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC). The assessment utilises evidence drawn from available literature and interviews with key actors in the South African child rights arena. Based on the opinions of these key respondents, the report provides an overview of key role players in the field, followed by suggestions for possible areas for intervention by international aid agencies. …

  8. Model Law on HIV and AIDS in Southern Africa

    This is a model Law on HIV in Southern Africa, made by members of SADC Parliamentary Forum. It is a guide to legislative efforts on HIV-related issues in Southern Africa. It aims to provide a legal framework for the review and reform of national legislation related to HIV in conformity with international human rights law standards; and to promote the implementation of effective prevention, treatment, care and research strategies and programmes on HIV and AIDS.

  9. HIV/AIDS and human rights in Southern Africa

    This report is a guide to HIV/AIDS and human rights in the Southern African region. It seeks to describe the extent to which SADC countries have used and implemented selected guidelines from the International Guidelines on HIV/AIDS and Human Rights; describe good legal, policy and human rights practices in relation to HIV and AIDS and outline key human rights challenges facing People Living with HIV/AIDS in the SADC region. The first chapter describes the context for the report, including the most current statistics on HIV prevalence in the region. …

  10. Balancing acts: AIDS review 2008

    Balancing acts looks at the ways in which public health and human rights have often been pulled into tension in dealing with HIV and AIDS and other related health issues. As the HIV and AIDS epidemics have unfolded in South Africa and the epidemic has become a generalised one, increasing tensions have developed between what is called the public health approach and the human rights approach. …

  11. Human Rights Watch submission regarding the Kenya National HIV/AIDS Strategic Plan, 2009-2014

    Human Rights Watch welcomes the opportunity to provide input into the drafting of the next Kenya National HIV/AIDS Strategic Plan (KNASP), 2009/10-2013/14. This contribution concentrates on children's rights, a policy area that we believe needs to be strengthened.

  12. HIV-related stigma, discrimination and human rights violations. Case studies of successful programmes

    From the start of the AIDS epidemic, stigma and discrimination have fuelled the transmission of HIV and have greatly increased the negative impact associated with the epidemic. HIV-related stigma and discrimination continue to be manifest in every country and region of the world, creating major barriers to preventing further infection, alleviating impact and providing adequate care, support and treatment. Projects, programmes and activities in a range of countries have innovatively challenged HIV-related stigma, discrimination and human rights violations. …

  13. Compendium of key documents relating to human rights and HIV in eastern and southern Africa

    The Compendium of key documents relating to human rights and HIV in Eastern and Southern Africa is a collection, in five parts, of global, regional, sub-regional and national human rights instruments, policies, legislation and case law that are relevant to HIV and AIDS. Part A: The global documents include UN conventions, declarations, concluding observations and other relevant documents as well as instruments adopted by the World Trade Organisation. …

  14. Revertir la propagación de VIH/SIDA

    Respuesta de UNIFEM: Estrategias decisivas UNIFEM incorpora la perspectiva de igualdad de género y derechos humanos a su trabajo relativo a la mujer y al VIH/SIDA. Toma la iniciativa en proponer estrategias integrales que establecen claros vínculos entre la violencia contra la mujer, la feminización de la pobreza, los problemas de seguridad y la limitada participación que tienen las mujeres en la toma de decisiones que afectan a sus vidas.

  15. Whose right? AIDS Review 2002

    Review 2002 asks the question "Whose right?" This is both in question of whose interpretation is right in developing an AIDS response and understanding, and also whose rights are being addressed or abused. Review 2002 situates HIV/AIDS within the broader field of human rights and of stigma, prejudice and discrimination. The Review looks at what contitutes a rights-based approach to HIV and AIDS and the international guidelines on which such an approach can be based. …

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