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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. I felt like the world was falling down on me. Adolescent girls’ sexual and reproductive health and rights in the Dominican Republic

    Adolescent girls in the Dominican Republic are being denied their sexual and reproductive rights, including access to safe abortion. “I Felt Like the World Was Falling Down on Me” documents how authorities have stalled the rollout of a long-awaited sexuality education program, leaving hundreds of thousands of adolescent girls and boys without scientifically accurate information about their health. The country has the highest teen pregnancy rate in Latin America and the Caribbean, according to the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO). …

  2. Desarrollo humano en República Dominicana: el embarazo en adolescentes: un desafío multidimensional para generar oportunidades en el ciclo de vida

    Teenage pregnancy in the Dominican Republic is a complex problem and of high concern to the national agenda. Available data indicate that 22% of women between 12-19 years have been pregnant. This rate is 34% higher than the average for Latin America and the Caribbean. Teenage pregnancy is concentrated in specific areas of the country – the southern provinces and central Cibao - as well as among poorer people. The fact that the indicator (adolescent fertility rate) has shown little variation in the last three decades makes the picture complex. …

  3. Smart school meals. Nutrition-sensitive national programmes in Latin America and the Caribbean: a review of 16 countries

    School meals programmes have an important role to play in the fight against hunger and malnutrition. When appropriately designed, they have the potential to improve the diets and nutrition knowledge and practices of millions of schoolchildren and their communities. This publications sheds light on country practices and experience that can serve to inform nutrition-sensitive school meals programmes in other countries. …

  4. Plan estratégico nacional para la respuesta a las ITS y al VIH-SIDA 2015-2018 (PEN 2015-2018)

    El Plan Estratégico Nacional para la Respuesta a las ITS y al VIH-SIDA (PEN) recopila la visión, las estrategias y los resultados principales de la Respuesta Nacional para el periodo 2015-2018.

  5. How reliable are reports of early adolescent reproductive and sexual health events in demographic and health surveys?

    CONTEXT: Age at sexual debut, age at first marriage or first union and age at first birth are among the most widely used indicators of health and well-being for female adolescents. However, the accuracy of estimates for these indicators, particularly for younger adolescents, is poorly understood. METHODS: For each of nine countries in Africa and Latin America, Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) data from two surveys conducted five years apart were used to examine women’s reports of age at sexual debut, marriage or first union, and first birth. …

  6. Educación sexual en la escuela como base para la equidad social y de género. Línea base sobre la educación sexual y VBG en las escuelas del sector público

    Este informe corresponde a la “Consultoría para el Levantamiento de información sobre programas de prevención en violencia basada en género y educación sexual en las escuelas”, el cual forma parte del “Levantamiento de líneas de base para el Programa de País 2012‐2016 2”; con el objetivo de establecer la situación inicial (ex antes) del Programa de País del Fondo de Población de las Naciones Unidas (UNFPA), que permitan monitorear y evaluar los avances de las distintas variables durante la ejecución de los proyectos. …

  7. Universidad Saludable. Módulo educativo para la acción preventiva de las ITS, el VIH y el SIDA en instituciones de educación superior

    La prevención y el control del VIH y sida han constituido en los últimos 30 años uno de los desa s más importantes a la imaginación y a la inteligencia de nuestra especie. Tan pronto los modos de transmisión -sexual, sanguíneo y perinatal- de esta nueva infección fueron conocidos, y con ellos tuvimos la posibilidad de impactar a enfermedades de transmisión sexual que se habían mantenido ocultas por siglos, la Humanidad tomó conciencia de la necesidad de contener su diseminación. …

  8. Las escuelas de educación frente al fenómeno de las drogas en América Latina y el Caribe

    En la primera parte del documento se describe el estudio realizado por la CICAD para identificar a las Escuelas de Educación en América Latina y el Caribe que estaban trabajando de alguna forma con la temática de las drogas en el currículo, así como en las actividades de extensión y de investigación. …

  9. Juventud, cultura sexual y respuesta social al VIH/SIDA en Centroamérica y el Caribe: Campañas de prevención y culturas institucionales en Guatemala, Honduras y República Dominicana

    Este trabajo presenta un estudio de las campanas de prevención de VIH/SIDA en los medios de comunicación. Es resultado de una indagación sobre el trabajo que realizan los protagonistas de la respuesta social al VIH/SIDA en sus diferentes niveles; esto es, a nivel de Gobierno, de las ONG, de la Cooperación Internacional y del trabajo comunitario que realizan los agentes multiplicadores (jóvenes voluntarios de ONG) en Honduras, Republica Dominicana y Guatemala. …

  10. The global HIV epidemics among sex workers

    Since the beginning of the epidemic sex workers have experienced a heightened burden of HIV across settings, despite their higher levels of HIV protective behaviors (UNAIDS, 2009). By gaining a deeper understanding of the epidemiologic and broader policy and social context within which sex work is set one begins to quickly gain a sense of the complex backdrop for increased risk to HIV among sex workers. …

  11. Effective approaches to addressing the intersection of violence against women and HIV/AIDS: Findings from programmes supported by the UN Trust to End Violence Against Women

    In 2005, the UN Trust Fund to End Violence against Women, with support from Johnson & Johnson, opened a special funding window for the 2005-2008 programming period to address the intersection of violence against women and HIV/AIDS. Through this funding window, the UN Trust Fund made grants to a unique cohort of grantees in Asia, Africa, Latin America, and the Caribbean to support programmes aimed at reducing violence against women and its consequent risks for HIV/AIDS as well as to reduce the violence, stigma, and discrimination that women living with HIV/AIDS face. …

  12. HIV modes of transmission model. Analysis of the distribution of new HIV infections in the Dominican Republic and recommendations for prevention

    The objective of the Modes of Transmission Model (MOT) is to use sources from different studies to generate an estimation of the specific populations foreseen to contribute most to the incidence of HIV during the coming year, so that prevention efforts and resources are directed to those populations.

  13. Overlooked and at Risk: Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Youth in the Caribbean

    As long as criminalization of homosexuality and stigma, discrimination and violence against LGBT individuals continues in the Caribbean, the emotional and physical health of LGBT young people is at risk. All young people have the right to be treated equally under the law and to live free of discrimination and harassment. Organizations, governments, and individuals must work toward full acceptance and recognition of LGBT people, including young people.

  14. Piecing it together for women and girls. The gender dimensions of HIV-related stigma: evidence from Bangladesh, the Dominican Republic and Ethiopia

    This report focuses on the gender dimensions of HIV-related stigma. It aims to fill a gap and advance a more nuanced understanding and more effective advocacy on how stigma affects women and girls living with HIV more, less or differently to men and boys. This is an advocacy tool for use by relevant stakeholders - from international donors to global policy makers, national governments, programme managers, civil society and people living with HIV. …

  15. Report card. HIV prevention for girls and young women: Dominican Republic

    This report card aims to provide a summary of HIV prevention for girls and young women in Dominican Republic. This Report Card is one in a series produced by the International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF), under the umbrella of the Global Coalition on Women and AIDS, and with the support of the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) and Young Positives. The Report Card is an advocacy tool. It aims to increase and improve the programmatic, policy and funding actions taken on HIV prevention for girls and young women in Dominican Republic. …

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