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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Legal protections against HIV-related human rights violations: Experiences and lessons learned from national HIV laws in Asia and the Pacific

    This report is a direct follow-up to Global Commission on HIV and the Law: Risks, Rights and Health (July 2012) and the Asia-Pacific Regional Dialogue of the Global Commission on HIV and the Law convened in Bangkok in February 2011. This study identifies the laws that states of Asia and the Pacific have put in place to provide legal protections against HIV-related human rights violations and the lessons learned from implementation and enforcement. …

  2. HIV and sexually transmitted infections in the Western Pacific region 2000-2010

    The countries in the Western Pacific Region have made good progress in reducing the transmission of HIV and providing services to people living with HIV (PLHIV). However, challenges remain and there are important gaps to be filled. This report documents the achievements and challenges of the health sector’s response to the HIV epidemic in the Region over the past decade. It identifies best practices and important opportunities to further reduce the number of new infections, and prolong and improve the quality of life of people living with HIV in the Western Pacific Region. …

  3. The long run costs and financing of HIV/AIDS in Cambodia

    An international exercise, called aids2031, has been carried out by a consortium of partners to help assess the long run trajectory of HIV/AIDS, what can be done to reduce the number of new cases of HIV, and how countries will be able to finance the measures they need to address HIV/AIDS in the future at lower costs and in more effective, efficient, and sustainable ways than they do now. aids2031 focuses on how the nature of the epidemic can be changed between now and 2031, fifty years after AIDS was first reported. …

  4. Cambodia: Success in HIV/AIDS National Response and Challenges in The Future

    This is a report from the Cambodia Development Cooperation Forum that took place from 19-20 June 2007. It looks at epidemiology of the disease - Cambodia is sustaining a concentrated epidemic while maintaining a significant treatment and impact mitigation burden. Coordination of the response trends and progress in the National Response Challenges in the National Response Cambodia's Universal Access Indicators and Targets - 2008 and 2010.

  5. Cambodia, fighting a rising tide: the response to AIDS in East Asia

    This publication by JCIE focuses on how governments, civil societies, corporations, and media in Cambodia are responding to the rising tide of HIV/AIDS infection that is afflicting the region The varied responses by each society to the rising threat offer critical and practical lessons. Equally important is the increasing recognition that many problems contributing to the spread of HIV/AIDS are cross-border issues that must be addressed collaboratively.

  6. Migration and HIV/AIDS in Thailand: Triangulation of Biological, Behavioral and Programmatic Response Data in Selected Provinces

    Thailand has been a hub for migration in the Greater Mekong Sub-Region, particularly for labor migrants from the three neighboring countries namely Myanmar, Cambodia, and Lao PDR. It is estimated that over two million migrants are living and working in Thailand, in addition to some 150,000 displaced persons and asylum seekers who seek refuge in nine temporary shelters along the border. …

  7. Mandatory HIV Testing for Employment of Migrant Workers in Eight Countries of South-East Asia: From Discrimination to Social Dialogue

    This study was undertaken by the International Labour Organization (ILO) and the International Organization for Migration (IOM) in 2006, on the basis of recommendations made by APEC and ASEAN and guided by the principles of the ILO Code of Practice on HIV/AIDS and the World of Work. The purpose of the study is to promote dialogue amongst tripartite partners (representatives from governments, workers' and employers' organizations) throughout the region, and to provide a solid basis for an informed discussion on mandatory HIV testing for migrant workers. …

  8. Levels and spread of HIV seroprevalence and associated factors: evidence from national household surveys

    This report summarizes HIV prevalence and the associations between HIV serostatus and key characteristics and behaviors of adult women and men in 22 developing countries, primarily in sub- Saharan Africa. Data come from Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) and AIDS Indicator Surveys (AIS) conducted between 2001 and 2006. In most of these surveys, nationally representative samples of women age 15-49 and men age 15-59 were tested for HIV. …

  9. Promising practices II. HIV and AIDS integrated programming

    This second edition of Promising Practices contains 24 case studies of promising HIV and AIDS practices from around the world. Each case study is organized in much the same way, including sections on how the project works, what the successes have been, and what lessons learned have emerged. At the end of each case study is the contact information for the relevant programs. The objectives of this publication are to: 1. Document some of the creative solutions or 'promising practices' used by CRS programs to address those affected and living with HIV and AIDS. 2. …

  10. Status and trends of STI, HIV and AIDS at the end of the millennium: Western Pacific Region

    The book presents the status and trends of STI, HIV and AIDS in the Western Pacific Region based on the cumulative number of cases of HIV diagnoses in all countries of the Region. Analysis of the trend of the relative proportion in HIV risk exposure suggests that there have been three waves - first, sexual contact among men; second, widespread sharing of equipment among injecting drug users; and finally, the steady increase in the proportion of reported cases with heterosexual contact.

  11. Survey on health seeking behaviour of women working in the entertainment sector in Phnom Penh

    The report on a research study to explore the situation of these indirect sex workers, their needs for STI services and possible barriers to accessing STI services conducted by Pharmaciens sans Frontieres. The study revealed that young women working in karaoke parlours and night-clubs were less likely to be aware of STIs and had limited access to STI treatment services. Some were aware about the transmission and prevention of HIV infection and the use of condom as an effective means of preventing HIV, STIs and pregnancy. However, the knowledge was limited and not always correct. …

  12. The HIV/AIDS/STD situation and the national response in the Kingdom of Cambodia: country profile

    The UNAIDS Cambodia Country Profile aims to present a comprehensive overview of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Cambodia and the status of the response to the epidemic.

  13. National health survey 1998

    The objective of the Cambodian National Health Survey (NHS) is to provide the Ministry of Health of Cambodia with population-based, nationally representative data on infant/child mortality, fertility, and related health service indicators.

  14. Cambodian household male behavioral surveillance survey, IV 2000

    The objectives of the BSS IV are to: describe sexual behaviour of general population of Cambodian men; compare risk for HIV/AIDS between urban and rural Cambodian men; and compare male sentinel groups to general population.

  15. Health, wealth, AIDS and poverty - the case of Cambodia

    This paper explores the nature of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Cambodia, its impact on the country's development and its effect on the 40 percent of Cambodians who live below the poverty line. It views AIDS within a wider health context, and explores the socio-economic factors that underlie both the epidemic's development and the shape of the country's response. Finally, it examines Cambodia's options going forward, arguing that future responses will be needed along three tracks - those specific to AIDS; those specific to health; and those with a broad development focus.

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