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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Legal protections against HIV-related human rights violations: Experiences and lessons learned from national HIV laws in Asia and the Pacific

    This report is a direct follow-up to Global Commission on HIV and the Law: Risks, Rights and Health (July 2012) and the Asia-Pacific Regional Dialogue of the Global Commission on HIV and the Law convened in Bangkok in February 2011. This study identifies the laws that states of Asia and the Pacific have put in place to provide legal protections against HIV-related human rights violations and the lessons learned from implementation and enforcement. …

  2. Sex Between Men in Your City. A situational analysis of community rsponses to sexual health and HIV among men who have sex with men and transgender populations in six metrepolitan cities in developed Asia

    While developed countries in Asia are experiencing a low-level HIV epidemic prevalence is much higher in specific populations such as men who have sex with men, sex workers, and people who use drugs. Many MSM and transgender people report discrimination which limits their access to health services and many other areas such as education, employment and legal services. …

  3. The beginning of the end? Tracking global commitments on AIDS

    ONE has prepared this accountability report to monitor progress made towards the beginning of the end of AIDS. Specifically, the report tracks progress made on three key targets–the virtual elimination of mother-to-child transmission, 15 million people on treatment, and the drastic reduction of new HIV infections–and assesses the political, programmatic, and financial contributions made by a variety of stakeholders (traditional donors, African leadership, emerging economies, and the NGO/private sectors).

  4. HIV and sexually transmitted infections in the Western Pacific region 2000-2010

    The countries in the Western Pacific Region have made good progress in reducing the transmission of HIV and providing services to people living with HIV (PLHIV). However, challenges remain and there are important gaps to be filled. This report documents the achievements and challenges of the health sector’s response to the HIV epidemic in the Region over the past decade. It identifies best practices and important opportunities to further reduce the number of new infections, and prolong and improve the quality of life of people living with HIV in the Western Pacific Region. …

  5. Regulations on AIDS Prevention and Treatment

    Regulations on AIDS Prevention and Treatment

  6. HIV/AIDS strategic information framework: indicators to support HIV/AIDS policy making in China

    The HIV/AIDS Strategic Information Framework is intended as a tool to support policymakers and key officials at the national and provincial levels. Application of this framework is meant to: Support monitoring of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in China; Guide the collection of strategic information from multiple sources; Help identify gaps in currently available information and how to fill them; Strengthen the evidence base for effective HIV/AIDS policies; Permit the evaluation of efforts to scale up HIV/AIDS programmes; and Ensure accountability in the use of resources. …

  7. Notice of the State Council on further strengthening HIV/AIDS response

    This document describes the steps the further enhance HIV and AIDS prevention and control and effectively contain the spread of HIV.

  8. A cross-sectional study of HIV and syphilis infections among male students who have sex with men (MSM) in northeast China: implications for implementing HIV screening and intervention programs

    This study explores HIV prevalence and behavioral characteristics of Chinese male students who have sex with men (MSM). The authors conducted a cross-sectional study of MSM high-school and college students in Liaoning Province. Data were collected through face-to-face interviews, and blood specimens were obtained and tested for HIV and syphilis. There were 436 eligible participants. HIV prevalence was 3.0% and syphilis prevalence was 5.0%. …

  9. Methodology and implementation manual for six cities scanning initiative for scale-up of HIV responses to MSM and TG persons

    This Six Cities Scanning Initiative Implementation Guide describes the methodology for inquiry and analysis used in a Six Cities Scanning Initiative undertaken by UNDP in the Asia Pacific region in 2010. This Guide provides the tools used in this participatory, appreciative inquiry-based project that aimed to describe promising HIV projects and activities targeting men who have sex with men and transgender people in mega-cities across Asia and the Pacific.

  10. Toward Universal Access: Examples of municipal HIV programming for men who have sex with men and transgender people is six Asian cities

    This report analyzes current city-level responses in Manila, Bangkok, Jakarta, Yangon, Ho Chi Minh City and Chengdu to highlight innovate responses and underlines that city-based responses will have a critical impact on tackling HIV among MSM and transgender persons. The study also confirms that progress continues to be hampered by the existence of restrictive legal environment and policies, selective enforcement practices and the lack of local coordination between health, law enforcement officials and community based organizations. …

  11. China's action plan for reducing and preventing the spread of HIV/AIDS (2006-2010)

    The general objective of this action plan is further improving the working mechanism of government-led, multi-sectoral assigned, responsibilities with strong societal participation on HIV control; totally implementing the measures on HIV prevention, control and treatment; reducing the harm of HIV on people living with HIV, AIDS patients, their families as well as the general population. The number of HIV infections will be kept within 1.5 million by the year of 2010.

  12. Decree of the State Council of the People's Republic of China No. 457: regulations on AIDS prevention and treatment

    These Regulations are formulated in accordance with the law of the PRC on the Prevention and Treatment of Infectious Diseases for the purpose of ensuring human and public health, preventing and controlling the occurrence and epidemic of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS).

  13. Asia Regional Consultation on MSM HIV Care and Support

    This document is an outcome of a process to establish a regional framework defining the key elements of a comprehensive response to HIV among MSM and transgender persons (TGs) in the Asia Pacific Region. Along with UNDP and USAID, this regional process has been supported by WHO, UNESCO, UNAIDS, the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN), Asia Pacific Coalition on Male Sexual Health (APCOM) and Family Health International. It has involved government sector and community representatives from over 20 countries.

  14. Evolution of China's response to HIV/AIDS

    This documents talks about Four factors which have driven China's response to the HIV/AIDS pandemic: (1) existing government structures and networks of relationships; (2) increasing scientific information; (3) external influences that underscored the potential consequences of an HIV/AIDS pandemic and thus accelerated strategic planning; and (4) increasing political commitment at the highest levels. China's response culminated in legislation to control HIV/AIDS - the AIDS Prevention and Control Regulations. Three major initiatives are being scaled up concurrently. …

  15. HIV/AIDS epidemiology and prevention in China

    This article presents a review on HIV/AIDS epidemic history, current situation and prevention policy in China. HIV/AIDS epidemic groups and trends for HIV transmission were also discussed. In January 2006, 650 000 people were estimated to be living with HIV in China. The overall HIV/AIDS epidemic is at a low level (0.05%) and concentrated in several at risk populations. However, the data show that new cases of HIV infection are growing every year and spreading from at risk populations to the general population. …

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