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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Legal protections against HIV-related human rights violations: Experiences and lessons learned from national HIV laws in Asia and the Pacific

    This report is a direct follow-up to Global Commission on HIV and the Law: Risks, Rights and Health (July 2012) and the Asia-Pacific Regional Dialogue of the Global Commission on HIV and the Law convened in Bangkok in February 2011. This study identifies the laws that states of Asia and the Pacific have put in place to provide legal protections against HIV-related human rights violations and the lessons learned from implementation and enforcement. …

  2. HIV and sexually transmitted infections in the Western Pacific region 2000-2010

    The countries in the Western Pacific Region have made good progress in reducing the transmission of HIV and providing services to people living with HIV (PLHIV). However, challenges remain and there are important gaps to be filled. This report documents the achievements and challenges of the health sector’s response to the HIV epidemic in the Region over the past decade. It identifies best practices and important opportunities to further reduce the number of new infections, and prolong and improve the quality of life of people living with HIV in the Western Pacific Region. …

  3. Toward Universal Access: Examples of municipal HIV programming for men who have sex with men and transgender people is six Asian cities

    This report analyzes current city-level responses in Manila, Bangkok, Jakarta, Yangon, Ho Chi Minh City and Chengdu to highlight innovate responses and underlines that city-based responses will have a critical impact on tackling HIV among MSM and transgender persons. The study also confirms that progress continues to be hampered by the existence of restrictive legal environment and policies, selective enforcement practices and the lack of local coordination between health, law enforcement officials and community based organizations. …

  4. Viet Nam HIV/AIDS Estimates and Projection 2007 - 2012

    To support HIV/AIDS program planning, the Ministry of Health has carried out HIV/AIDS estimates and projections since 2003 based on recommendations of the UN Reference Group on Estimates, Modeling and Projections. In 2007 and 2008, the Viet Nam Administration of HIV/AIDS Control (VAAC) in the Ministry of Health collaborated with national and international partners to conduct a second round of Estimates and Projections in Viet Nam in 2007-2008, which optimized the use of existing data to obtain updated HIV epidemiologic data. …

  5. Vietnam: Fighting a Rising Tide: The Response to AIDS in East Asia

    This publication by JCIE focuses on how governments, civil societies, corporations, and media in Vietnam are responding to the rising tide of HIV/AIDS infection that is afflicting the region. The varied responses by each society to the rising threat offer critical and practical lessons. Equally important is the increasing recognition that many problems contributing to the spread of HIV/AIDS are cross-border issues that must be addressed collaboratively.

  6. Country Case Studies: Uncharted Waters: The Impact of U.S. Policy in Vietnam

    Vietnam - a vibrant country of 84 million people - is experiencing rapid economic growth and unprecedented societal change ushered in by globalization. This is posing interesting possibilities and challenges for U.S. assistance and policy. In June 2004, the Bush Administration named Vietnam the fifteenth focus country under the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR). Vietnam is the sole PEPFAR focus country in Asia, with twelve in Africa and two in Latin America and the Caribbean. …

  7. HIV/AIDS policy in Vietnam: A civil society perspective

    HIV/AIDS has spread rapidly in Vietnam since the first case was registered in 1990, and today more than a quarter-million people in the country are living with HIV/AIDS. The national HIV prevalence rate among adults is 0.5 percent, but prevalence rates are significantly higher among high-risk groups, such as injecting drug users (33 to 65 percent) and sex workers (approximately 16 percent). However, the illegal nature of drug use and sex work has complicated efforts to prevent HIV among these high-risk groups. …

  8. HIV/AIDS in Vietnam

    Vietnam is at a crossroads in its efforts to curb the spread of HIV. More than 260,000 people are living with HIV and an estimated 100 people become infected every day. With increasing numbers of men and women affected, the epidemic is no longer confined to high risk groups. In fact, the majority of new infections are occurring through sexual transmission. …

  9. On the Right Track: Vietnam Adopts Rights-based Policies for HIV Prevention, Treatment and Care

    Due in part to U.S. assistance on the policy front, the Vietnamese National Assembly enacted a more progressive, health- and rights-oriented national law regarding HIV/AIDS in mid-2006. Significantly, the new law officially endorses an array of specific HIV prevention activities for groups with high-risk behaviors. Ultimately, the policy environment in which donors and NGOs operate appears to be improving dramatically and holds promise for managing the epidemic as long as there is improved coordination among all actors.

  10. Mandatory HIV Testing for Employment of Migrant Workers in Eight Countries of South-East Asia: From Discrimination to Social Dialogue

    This study was undertaken by the International Labour Organization (ILO) and the International Organization for Migration (IOM) in 2006, on the basis of recommendations made by APEC and ASEAN and guided by the principles of the ILO Code of Practice on HIV/AIDS and the World of Work. The purpose of the study is to promote dialogue amongst tripartite partners (representatives from governments, workers' and employers' organizations) throughout the region, and to provide a solid basis for an informed discussion on mandatory HIV testing for migrant workers. …

  11. Asian economies in rapid transition: HIV now and through 2031

    The Working Group on Countries in Rapid Transition was formed in May 2008 to further explore the question whether countries in Asia undergoing rapid transition have a heightened vulnerability to HIV and what factors must be considered for mounting an effective long-term response. …

  12. Vietnam demographic and health survey 2002

    The report summarizes the findings of the 2002 Vietnam Demographic and Health Survey carried out by the General Statistical Office with regard to demographic conditions, family planning, infant and child mortality, and health-related information about breastfeeding, antenatal care, child immunizations, common children's diseases, and HIV/AIDS.

  13. Status and trends of STI, HIV and AIDS at the end of the millennium: Western Pacific Region

    The book presents the status and trends of STI, HIV and AIDS in the Western Pacific Region based on the cumulative number of cases of HIV diagnoses in all countries of the Region. Analysis of the trend of the relative proportion in HIV risk exposure suggests that there have been three waves - first, sexual contact among men; second, widespread sharing of equipment among injecting drug users; and finally, the steady increase in the proportion of reported cases with heterosexual contact.

  14. The socioeconomic impact of HIV/AIDS in the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam

    Several countries bordering Viet Nam have experienced rapid increases in HIV infection rates in the last few years. During the 1990s, the HIV/AIDS epidemic also expanded quickly in Viet Nam. As of April 2003, Viet Nam had recorded 64,801 people infected with HIV, although estimates put the figure more realistically between 150,000 to 200,000. …

  15. HIV/AIDS in the Mekong Region: Cambodia, Lao PDR, Thailand, and Viet Nam: current situation, future projections, socioeconomic impacts and recommendations.

    This report was prepared by the POLICY Project for the U. S. Agency for International Development (USAID). Itis designed as an advocacy tool to assist policymakers and other relevant stakeholders in stimulating dialogue about sustainable, contextually appropriate responses to HIV/AIDS in the Mekong Region. An exhaustive review of the complexities and data related to the pandemic is beyond the scope of this document. …

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