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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Coming of age in the classroom: religious and cultural barriers to comprehensive sexuality education

    This paper elucidates evidence which underscores anxieties and panic about sexuality and sexual behaviour of young people influenced by movements advancing a distinct religious identity, and the implications for advocacy on advancing Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights (SRHR). Synthesised in this document is evidence from two countries - Bangladesh and India - on Comprehensive Sexuality Education (CSE), an area of controversy (to varying degree) in both countries. Evidence from each country stem from national studies on the influence of religion on CSE, and are qualitative in nature. …

  2. Fiji's inter-faith strategy on HIV and AIDS, 2013-2017

    Fiji’s ‘Inter-Faith Strategy on HIV & AIDS’ is an important tool to guide the response of faith based organisations to the issue of HIV & AIDS. The strategy document outlines key strengths of FBO’s in Fiji and provides strategic guidance to FBO’s to work collectively and with their respective congregations to promote good health and well-being of the people of Fiji. …

  3. Discussion paper: Islam, sexual diversity and access to health services

    At the 2010 Asia Pacific Coalition on Male Sexual Health (APCOM) Board meeting, a working group on Faith, Men who have Sex with Men, Transgender People and HIV was formed to look into the impacts of faith and cultural values on the risks and vulnerability of marginalised populations such as Men who have Sex with Men (MSM) and transgender people. …

  4. Study of knowledge, perception and attitude of adolescent girls towards STIs/HIV, safer sex and sex education: (A cross sectional survey of urban adolescent school girls in South Delhi, India)

    This cross-sectional study conducted in 2007 in South Delhi, India aimed to assess adolescent school girls' knowledge, attitudes and perceptionsátowards STIs/HIV and safer sex practices and sex education and to explore current sexual behavior. Two hundred and fifty-one female students from two senior secondary schools completed self-administered questionnaires. Over 33% of students did nto have accurate knowledge of the symptoms of STIs other than HIV. …

  5. Overlooked! Let's Know Thyself! A qualitative study on cultural factors in transmission, prevention, care and treatment of HIV and AIDS in Bangladesh

    This study report is an attempt to identify the fact and factors behind our cultural and social dispositions that influence HIV infections with an objective to think out of the box and dig into issues which contribute to the epidemic in our daily urban and rural lifestyles. The study revealed with strong evidence that the people of Bangladesh value their traditional practices but increasingly yield to significant pressure of mixed western culture and many of these traditions and practices have a bearing on sexual relations, and therefore HIV transmission.

  6. HIV and Islam. Responsible religious response to HIV and AIDS in Malaysia

    The national response to the HIV and AIDS epidemic in Malaysia, which hits the predominantly Malay Muslim population hardest, calls for greater involvement of religious authorities to enhance the roles played by the public health sector and lateral grassroots partners in addressing the issues faced by people living with HIV (PLHIV) and other most-at-risk populations (MARP). …

  7. Left without a choice. Barriers to reproductive health in Indonesia

    This report reflects Amnesty International's recent analysis on the extent to which certain Indonesian laws have incorporated international human rights law and standards, including provisions contained in CEDAW, to which Indonesia is a state party. In particular, it builds on a series of open letters addressed to Indonesian authorities in late 2009 and early 2010, which highlighted some of the shortcomings of certain laws in guaranteeing non-discrimination and sexual and reproductive rights. …

  8. Facing AIDS. Education in the Context of Vulnerability HIV/AIDS. Study Document and Statement on HIV/AIDS

    This Study Guide contains a structured framework for group learning sessions, designed to help and resource group leaders who intend to undertake HIV/AIDS awareness building. The document is bases on a broad range of educational approaches, both theoretical and experimental, in order to be ecumenically acceptable. But as it is a general study resource, the suggestions and activities are bound to seem more appropriate for some culture than others. …

  9. Family Health Education: teaching about reproductive health and HIV/AIDS from a Christian perspective

    This document is a manual designed to address the needs of faith-based organizations to reach youth with effective reproductive health and HIV & AIDS training materials published in 2006 by the FHI. This manual has two purposes: to educate youth about reproductive health and HIV & AIDS issues and to provide adult facilitator with an evidence-based training resource that helps them to communicate more effectively with youth about these issues, within the context of shared faith. …

  10. Advancing reproductive health and family planning through religious leaders and faith-based organizations

    Relationships with FBOs are essential to community-based health work, but can be difficult to forge. Some religious traditions reject the use of contraception. Others may accept family planning within marriage, but do not feel condoms should be distributed to young unmarried people. Some religious leaders believe that prayer is enough to protect their followers from AIDS. …

  11. Culture matters: working with communities and faith-based organizations: case studies from country programmes

    This review is part of a UNFPA effort to strengthen its capacity to explore windows of opportunities for the implementation of the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) in 1994 and to address resistance that is rooted in traditions, customs and social practices in country where UNFPA supports programmes. It attempts to explore the contribution of culturally sensitive approaches and partnerships with local power structures and institutions to the effective implementation of rights-based population and development programmes.

  12. A cultural approach to HIV/AIDS prevention and care: towards a handbook for India. Overall assessment, case studies, strategies/conclusions/recommendations

    The document, devoted to the cultural approach to HIV/AIDS prevention and care in India, provides critical summary of the results of research already carried out in all related fields and proposes a series of methodological and pedagogical proposals on the topic. Detailed descriptions of case studies carried out among vulnerable and risk population groups are also provided.

  13. Sermons based on Buddhist precepts: a response to HIV/AIDS

    FOREWORD. Religion plays a major role in our life as we learn to cope with birth, diseases, aging and death. The Buddhist monks in Mae Chan, in witnessing the devastation to their own families, relatives and friends in the community, decided to mobilize the religious sector for HIV/AIDS prevention, care and support. …

  14. Ensnared by AIDS: cultural contexts of HIV/AIDS in Nepal

    This book examines the meaning and cultural contexts of HIV/AIDS in Nepal. It explores the relationship between cognitive schemata and the creation of cultural models of meaning and provides a better understanding of how people incorporate new ideas into established cognitive systems. It is the first long-term field study of the cultural dimensions of HIV/AIDS in South Asia. It is also one of the few ethnographies of HIV/AIDS to emphasize the depth and diversity of the people's view and construction of the emerging illness.

  15. L'approche culturelle de la prévention et du traitement du VIH/SIDA : projet de recherche UNESCO/ONUSIDA : actes de l'atelier sous-régional pour l'Afrique de l'ouest et centrale, Dakar, Sénégal 6-8 2001

    This document represents a synthesis of country studies on the cultural approach to HIV/AIDS prevention and care initiated in the context of a UNESCO/UNAIDS research project. The studies aim to identify the interaction between culture, development and the HIV/AIDS problem, in order to adopt the appropriate preventive actions and care. More than a simple synthesis, the document identifies general trends within the different cultures with regard to risk perception, the complexity of AIDS, its socio-cultural and multidimensional impact. The document explores also the cultural diversity and identifies vulnerable groups within a society and culture. Lessons learned and recommendations have been formulated based on the data collected.

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