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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Knowledge of antiretrovirals in preventing parent-to-child-transmission of HIV: a cross-sectional study among women living with HIV in Tamil Nadu, India

    India is amongst the top 10 countries in the world currently with the highest burden of pregnant women living with HIV and nearly 80% of these women do not recieve antiretroviral treatement drugs to prevent parent-to-child transmission. This was a descriptive, cross-sectional study in which women were interviewed in Tamil Nadu to estimate HIV-infected women's awarness of PTCT and knowledge of ARVs as a measure to prevent PTCT. The results of the study are that 18.8% of the women with HIV interviewed had not heard of PTCT and 40% did not know that ARVs could prevent PTCT. …

  2. AIDS orphans and vulnerable children in India: Problems, prospects and concerns

    This article reviews and discusses the problems, responses, and concerns of orphans and vulnerable children in India. The article shows that HIV/AIDS programs and interventions are vital for survival and welfare of orphan and vulnerable children, but they have reached only to a small fraction of the most vulnerable children. …

  3. Economic impact of HIV and antiretroviral therapy on education supply in high prevalence regions

    Background: We set out to estimate, for the three geographical regions with the highest HIV prevalence, (sub-Saharan Africa [SSA], the Caribbean and the Greater Mekong sub-region of East Asia), the human resource and economic impact of HIV on the supply of education from 2008 to 2015, the target date for the achievement of Education For All (EFA), contrasting the continuation of access to care, support and Antiretroviral therapy (ART) to the scenario of universal access. …

  4. Programs to address child marriage: Framing the problem

    Child marriage violates girls’ human rights and adversely affects their health and well-being. While age at marriage is increasing in most regions of the developing world, early marriage persists for large populations. Worldwide, it is estimated that more than one out of three women aged 20–24 were married before age 18, and one out of seven were married before age 15. There is great variation in child marriage practices across and within regions and between ethnic and religious groups. Eradicating child marriage has long been on the agenda of the United Nations and of individual countries. …

  5. Assessing reasons for school/college dropout among young adults and implications for awareness about STDs and HIV/AIDS: findings from a population-based study in Karachi, Pakistan

    This study investigated, among young adults in Karachi, Pakistan, the risk factors associated with involuntary school/college dropout and the implications for awareness about HIV/AIDS and STIs. The authors conducted a population-based, cross-sectional study with a structured questionnaire among 1,650 young males and females, ages 17-21 years and living in Karachi. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were performed separately for males and females. Females were twice as likely to drop out of school/college as males. …

  6. Knowledge of HIV/AIDS and attitudes towards people living with HIV among the general staff of a public university in Malaysia

    Stigma and discrimination towards people living with HIV have been widely documented, and have extended their impact into the workplace. Stigmatising attitudes towards people living with HIV (PLHIV) in the workplace significantly hinder HIV prevention efforts and indirectly affect national development. This cross-sectional study was designed to determine the level of knowledge about HIV and AIDS and assess attitudes towards PLHIV among the general staff of Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), as well as to identify factors that are associated with it.

  7. Drug use and HIV/AIDS in Thailand

    A series of six info sheets on legal and ethical issues related to drug use and HIV/AIDS in Thailand. It includes HIV and HCV in Thailand: implications for national drug policy, harm reduction: lessons from the region, sterile syringe programs, opioid substitution treatment, outreach and information programs, harm reduction in prison and detention facilities.

  8. HIV/AIDS & Mobility in South East Asia: Rapid Assessment

    In South-East Asia, mobility is a growing phenomenon and a major concern due to the high vulnerability to HIV of mobile populations. The dynamics of population movement have evolved in South-East Asia over the last decade, and are in a phase of acceleration due to multiple factors including geopolitical and socio-economic changes, infrastructure development and closer cooperation among ASEAN Member Countries. …

  9. Tackling HIV/AIDS Among Injecting Drug Users: Lessons Learned from Thailand

    With HIV/AIDS high on rise in Asian countries, Thailand is one of the very few countries to have reversed a serious HIV/AIDS epidemic and met the Millennium Development Goal 6. This report gives readers an idea on the health and human rights, injecting drug users, challenges faced by Thai drug users, and Thailand's response to the HIV/AIDS epidemic.

  10. Committed to caring: Older women and HIV and AIDS in Cambodia, Thailand and Vietnam

    HIV and AIDS can prove devastating in undermining traditional support structures that sustain many families in Asia, reversing the expectation that parents will be looked after by their adult children as they become older. In reality, as this research report shows, older people, primarily women, are confronted with the task of caring for a sick adult child, coping with their eventual death, and possibly looking after a surviving grandchild.

  11. Community participation in HIV prevention: problems and prospects for community-based strategies among female sex workers in Madras

    This paper examines the concept of strengthening community action within the context of HIV prevention. There is evidence of the potential role of community participation in HIV/AIDS prevention and care efforts. This paper examines problems and prospects for participation in HIV prevention strategies among commercial sex workers in Madras. It is based on the experiences of a pilot project established by the Tamil Nadu State Government AIDS Cell and WHO.

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