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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. HIV and sexually transmitted infections in the Western Pacific region 2000-2010

    The countries in the Western Pacific Region have made good progress in reducing the transmission of HIV and providing services to people living with HIV (PLHIV). However, challenges remain and there are important gaps to be filled. This report documents the achievements and challenges of the health sector’s response to the HIV epidemic in the Region over the past decade. It identifies best practices and important opportunities to further reduce the number of new infections, and prolong and improve the quality of life of people living with HIV in the Western Pacific Region. …

  2. Viet Nam HIV/AIDS Estimates and Projection 2007 - 2012

    To support HIV/AIDS program planning, the Ministry of Health has carried out HIV/AIDS estimates and projections since 2003 based on recommendations of the UN Reference Group on Estimates, Modeling and Projections. In 2007 and 2008, the Viet Nam Administration of HIV/AIDS Control (VAAC) in the Ministry of Health collaborated with national and international partners to conduct a second round of Estimates and Projections in Viet Nam in 2007-2008, which optimized the use of existing data to obtain updated HIV epidemiologic data. …

  3. The national plan of action (NPA) for children affected by HIV and AIDS until 2010 with a vision to 2020

    The Vietnam National Plan of Action for children affected by HIV/AIDS was developed to address shortcomings and challenges related to the protection of children affected by HIV/AIDS, and to respond to international commitments. …

  4. HIV and AIDS in South Asia: an economic development risk

    The report, HIV and AIDS in South Asia, presents a unique perspective on HIV and AIDS as regional development issues. Although HIV prevalence in South Asia is comparatively low, the region faces a number of challenges including the risk of escalation of concentrated epidemics, the economic welfare costs, and the fiscal costs of scaling up treatment for AIDS. The report can be grouped in three broad themes: First, the epidemiology of HIV and prevention strategies; Second, the economic and development impacts of HIV and AIDS and Third, the implications of HIV/AIDS for the health sector.

  5. HIV and AIDS in Asia and the Pacific: a review of progress towards universal access

    This document reviews progress made in the Asian and Pacific region in line with international commitments, with particular attention to the Universal Access targets developed for low and concentrated epidemic countries in Asia and the Pacific through regional and civil society consultations in 2006. Based on these findings, the paper also reviews the main challenges and identifies ways forward in scaling up the response to HIV. …

  6. Law, policy and HIV in Asia and the Pacific: Implications on the vulnerability of men who have sex with men, female sex workers and injecting drug users

    HIV and AIDS prevention, treatment, care and surveillance among most-at-risk-populations (MARP) are impacted by national laws and policies. Laws criminalizing behaviours of most-at-risk populations, as well as the absence of protective policies and laws (for example, harm reduction policies, national HIV policies, HIV laws, and constitutional and international provisions supporting human rights) all act as barriers to effective HIV interventions, thus increasing the vulnerability of these groups. …

  7. Levels and spread of HIV seroprevalence and associated factors: evidence from national household surveys

    This report summarizes HIV prevalence and the associations between HIV serostatus and key characteristics and behaviors of adult women and men in 22 developing countries, primarily in sub- Saharan Africa. Data come from Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) and AIDS Indicator Surveys (AIS) conducted between 2001 and 2006. In most of these surveys, nationally representative samples of women age 15-49 and men age 15-59 were tested for HIV. …

  8. Indonesia demographic and health survey 2002-2003

    The main objective of the 2002-2003 IDHS is to provide policy-makers and programme managers in population and health with detailed information on population, family planning, and health. In particular, the 2002-2003 IDHs collected information on female respondents' socio-economic background, fertility levels, marriage and sexual activity, fertility preferences, knowledge and use of family planning methods, breastfeeding practices, childhood and adult mortality, including maternal mortality, maternal and child health and awareness and behaviour regarding AIDS and other STIs in Indonesia.

  9. Myanmar fertility and reproductive health survey 2001: preliminary report

    This preliminary report on the 2001 Fertility and Reproductive Health Survey (FRHS) provides information on fertility, contraception, maternal and child health, infant and child mortality, knowledge of STDs and HIV/AIDS and internal migration in Myanmar.

  10. Cambodia demographic and health survey 2000 : preliminary report

    Cambodia demographic and health survey 2000 : preliminary report

  11. Cambodian household male behavioral surveillance survey, IV 2000

    The objectives of the BSS IV are to: describe sexual behaviour of general population of Cambodian men; compare risk for HIV/AIDS between urban and rural Cambodian men; and compare male sentinel groups to general population.

  12. PSI/Laos research reports: selected summary reports of behavioural and market research studies

    The report contains summaries of behavioural and market research studies conducted in Laos by Population Services International during 1999 to 2000 to determine whether the project has been successful in changing people's behaviour and preventing spread of HIV/AIDS in Laos. …

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