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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Attention to menstrual hygiene management in schools: An analysis of education policy documents in low- and middle-income countries

    Recent decades have seen a push for gender parity in education in low resource countries. Attention is shifting to how school environments hinder the achievement of gender equality. One effort, primarily led by the water, sanitation and hygiene sector, includes a focus on the needs of menstruating girls.

  2. Local government responses to HIV/AIDS: a handbook. A Handbook to support local government authorities in addressing HIV/AIDS at the municipal level

    This handbook has been written for local government authorities (LGA) mayors, councilors, advisors and officials that are interested in developing or strengthening local responses to HIV/AIDS. It provides information, examples, and illustrative tools (surveys, checklists, modules, etc.) that guide users through the steps of recognizing and publicly acknowledging the importance of addressing HIV/AIDS, assessing the impact of HIV/AIDS on the locality, and identifying key stakeholders to initiate and coordinate a Local Government (LG) HIV/AIDS Response Strategy. …

  3. Accelerating education’s response to HIV and AIDS

    A review was conducted to assess key achievements of the Accelerate Initiative, lessons learned and possible ways forward. The output of this review is a technical paper titled ‘Accelerating the Education Sector Response to HIV and AIDS: Five Years On’, which describes how UNESCO, UNICEF, the World Bank and other partners have been working together since 2002 to help countries in sub-Saharan Africa develop strong leadership in the education sector response to HIV and AIDS.

  4. Accélérer la réponse du secteur de l'éducation face au VIH/SIDA: le bilan de cinq ans 2002-2007. Rapport d'activité des points focaux des ministères de l'éducation de l'Afrique subsaharienne pour accélérer la réponse du secteur de l'éducation face au VIH/SIDA

    En 2002, l'Equipe de travail inter-institutions de l'ONUSIDA sur l'éducation a mis sur pied un Groupe de travail - connu sous le nom "Initiative Accélérée" - pour s'attaquer à ces défis et appuyer les pays d'Afrique subsaharienne au moment où ces derniers "accélèrent la réponse du secteur de l'éducation face au VIH/SIDA". La philosophie de l'Initiative Accélérée a toujours été de promouvoir une planification des activités du bas vers le haut, s'inspirant des exemples avérés de bonnes pratiques aussi bien au niveau régional que national. …

  5. Accelerating the Education Sector Response to HIV: Five Years of Experience from Sub-Saharan Africa

    This review was undertaken by the Ministry of Education Focal Points for school health and HIV/AIDS from countries in Sub-Saharan Africa participating in the Accelerate Initiative, together with representatives of stakeholders and partners, using data collated during the 2007 school health and HIV/AIDS Focal Point Survey. …

  6. UNDP/World Bank/UNAIDS Programme on Mainstreaming AIDS into National Development Plans and Processes: Rounds 1 and 2, a Review of Experiences (2007-2008)

    The purpose of this report is to document the progress made by countries participating in the Mainstreaming Programme in the second and third years of the programme. It is intended as a knowledge-sharing document to facilitate the exchange of practical experiences in HIV mainstreaming, as well as a programming report to facilitate monitoring and future evaluations of the Mainstreaming Programme. …

  7. Associations between premarital sex and leaving school in four Sub-Saharan African countries

    This study is an article extracted from "Studies in Family Planning", special issue on "Adolescent sexual and reproductive health in Sub-Saharan Africa", published in December 2008. As formal schooling spreads within sub-Saharan Africa, a growing proportion of adolescents remain enrolled in school when they "come of age". As a consequence more and more adolescents have to negotiate sexual maturation and sexual initiation in a different context than from that of counterparts in prior generations. …

  8. Levels and spread of HIV seroprevalence and associated factors: evidence from national household surveys

    This report summarizes HIV prevalence and the associations between HIV serostatus and key characteristics and behaviors of adult women and men in 22 developing countries, primarily in sub- Saharan Africa. Data come from Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) and AIDS Indicator Surveys (AIS) conducted between 2001 and 2006. In most of these surveys, nationally representative samples of women age 15-49 and men age 15-59 were tested for HIV. …

  9. HIV, growth, poverty and inequality in sub-Saharan Africa

    The downstream impacts of AIDS on individuals and households are well understood and documented. The economic impacts of AIDS are proportionately greater for poor. The economic impact at higher levels of aggregation (such as on the gross national income (GNI) is less well understood, being inferred from modelling work rather than empirical measurement, but is thought to be important in the long run, particularly in high prevalence countries, such as in southern Africa. Evidence of the upstream effects of poverty and social deprivation on HIV infection is rather mixed. …

  10. Progress in the national response to orphans and other vulnerable children in sub-Saharan Africa. The OVC policy and planning effort index (OPPEI) 2007 round

    This report presents the results of the analysis of the orphans and other vulnerable children (OVC) Policy and Planning Effort Index (OPPEI) in sub-Saharan Africa and reviews progress made in effort since 2004. The OVC Policy and Planning Effort Index (OPPEI) was developed by UNICEF, USAID and the Futures Group to measure the response by countries in Sub-Saharan Africa to the crisis facing orphans and other vulnerable children (OVC) as a result of the HIV and AIDS epidemic. …

  11. Youth reproductive and sexual health

    The study provides information on key reproductive and sexual health indicators in young women and men age 15-24 in 38 developing countries. The data come from Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) and AIDS Indicator Surveys (AIS) conducted between 2001 and 2005. Indicators are selected for the following key areas: background characteristics; adolescent pregnancy; contraception; sexual activity; and HIV/AIDS-related knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors. Additional analysis examines the association of various individual and household characteristics with the key indicators.

  12. Training for life: teacher training on HIV/AIDS

    In May 2006, Education International (EI) published ' Training for Life' a draft report aimed at establishing a clear picture on the record of governments in providing pre- and in-service training to teachers on HIV and AIDS. The report was written on the basis of information submitted by EI affiliated teacher unions in 8 countries. This latest edition of Training for Life updates the situation regarding teacher training on HIV and AIDS in these countries (where new data was available), whilst also taking some newcomers, namely Sierra Leone and Guyana. …

  13. Training for life: teacher training on HIV/AIDS

    In 2005 EI sent a survey to all unions involved in the then 'HIV and AIDS Prevention through Schools Programme' to gather information on the positioning of HIV and AIDS within pre and in-service training. The following countries were included in the EI survey and feature in this report: 1. Kenya (KNUT/Kenya National Union of Teachers) 2. Uganda (UNATU/Uganda National Teachers' Union) 3. Tanzania (TTU/Tanzania Teachers' Union) 4. Malawi (TUM/Teachers' Union of Malawi) 5. Guinea (FSPE-SLECG/Federation of Professional Education Unions/Free Union of Teachers and Researchers) 6. …

  14. The effect of HIV/AIDS on educational attainment

    Using data from Demographic and Health Surveys for eleven countries in sub-Saharan Africa,the authorestimates the effect of local HIV prevalence on individual human capital investment. The authorfinds that the HIV/AIDS epidemic has reduced human capital investment: living in an area with higher HIV prevalence is associated with lower levels of completed schooling and slower progress through school. These results are consistent with a model of human capital investment in which parents and children respond to changes in the expected return to schooling driven by mortality risk.

  15. Protecting the next generation in sub-saharan Africa: learning from adolescents to prevent HIV and unintended pregnancy

    This report presents key findings from nationally representative surveys conducted in 2004 among 12-19-year-olds in four African countries-Burkina Faso, Ghana, Malawi and Uganda-with the goal of guiding programs, policies and investments aimed at improving adolescent sexual and reproductive health. It is based on research conducted as part of a multiyear project, called Protecting the Next Generation: Understanding HIV Risk Among Youth. …

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