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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Accelerating education’s response to HIV and AIDS

    A review was conducted to assess key achievements of the Accelerate Initiative, lessons learned and possible ways forward. The output of this review is a technical paper titled ‘Accelerating the Education Sector Response to HIV and AIDS: Five Years On’, which describes how UNESCO, UNICEF, the World Bank and other partners have been working together since 2002 to help countries in sub-Saharan Africa develop strong leadership in the education sector response to HIV and AIDS.

  2. Education status among orphans and non-orphans in communities affected by AIDS in Tanzania and Burkina Faso

    The AIDS pandemic has created an estimated 15 million orphans who may face elevated risk of poor health and social outcomes. This paper compares orphans and non-orphans regarding educational status and delay using data collected in three low-income communities affected by AIDS in Tanzania and Burkina Faso. Orphans were significantly more likely not to attend school than were non-orphans and also to be delayed when in school, though, after controlling for confounders, the risk was borderline and non-significant. …

  3. Accélérer la réponse du secteur de l'éducation face au VIH/SIDA: le bilan de cinq ans 2002-2007. Rapport d'activité des points focaux des ministères de l'éducation de l'Afrique subsaharienne pour accélérer la réponse du secteur de l'éducation face au VIH/SIDA

    En 2002, l'Equipe de travail inter-institutions de l'ONUSIDA sur l'éducation a mis sur pied un Groupe de travail - connu sous le nom "Initiative Accélérée" - pour s'attaquer à ces défis et appuyer les pays d'Afrique subsaharienne au moment où ces derniers "accélèrent la réponse du secteur de l'éducation face au VIH/SIDA". La philosophie de l'Initiative Accélérée a toujours été de promouvoir une planification des activités du bas vers le haut, s'inspirant des exemples avérés de bonnes pratiques aussi bien au niveau régional que national. …

  4. Accelerating the Education Sector Response to HIV: Five Years of Experience from Sub-Saharan Africa

    This review was undertaken by the Ministry of Education Focal Points for school health and HIV/AIDS from countries in Sub-Saharan Africa participating in the Accelerate Initiative, together with representatives of stakeholders and partners, using data collated during the 2007 school health and HIV/AIDS Focal Point Survey. …

  5. UNDP/World Bank/UNAIDS Programme on Mainstreaming AIDS into National Development Plans and Processes: Rounds 1 and 2, a Review of Experiences (2007-2008)

    The purpose of this report is to document the progress made by countries participating in the Mainstreaming Programme in the second and third years of the programme. It is intended as a knowledge-sharing document to facilitate the exchange of practical experiences in HIV mainstreaming, as well as a programming report to facilitate monitoring and future evaluations of the Mainstreaming Programme. …

  6. Levels and spread of HIV seroprevalence and associated factors: evidence from national household surveys

    This report summarizes HIV prevalence and the associations between HIV serostatus and key characteristics and behaviors of adult women and men in 22 developing countries, primarily in sub- Saharan Africa. Data come from Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) and AIDS Indicator Surveys (AIS) conducted between 2001 and 2006. In most of these surveys, nationally representative samples of women age 15-49 and men age 15-59 were tested for HIV. …

  7. Courage and hope: stories from teachers living with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa

    It is estimated that there are currently around 122,000 teachers in sub- Saharan Africa who are living with HIV, the vast majority of whom have not sought testing and do not know their HIV status. Stigma remains the greatest challenge and the major barrier to accessing and providing assistance to these teachers. The personal experiences from the 12 teachers presented in this book offer first-hand accounts of the difficult, and sometimes debilitating, challenges faced by teachers living with HIV. …

  8. HIV, growth, poverty and inequality in sub-Saharan Africa

    The downstream impacts of AIDS on individuals and households are well understood and documented. The economic impacts of AIDS are proportionately greater for poor. The economic impact at higher levels of aggregation (such as on the gross national income (GNI) is less well understood, being inferred from modelling work rather than empirical measurement, but is thought to be important in the long run, particularly in high prevalence countries, such as in southern Africa. Evidence of the upstream effects of poverty and social deprivation on HIV infection is rather mixed. …

  9. Progress in the national response to orphans and other vulnerable children in sub-Saharan Africa. The OVC policy and planning effort index (OPPEI) 2007 round

    This report presents the results of the analysis of the orphans and other vulnerable children (OVC) Policy and Planning Effort Index (OPPEI) in sub-Saharan Africa and reviews progress made in effort since 2004. The OVC Policy and Planning Effort Index (OPPEI) was developed by UNICEF, USAID and the Futures Group to measure the response by countries in Sub-Saharan Africa to the crisis facing orphans and other vulnerable children (OVC) as a result of the HIV and AIDS epidemic. …

  10. Youth reproductive and sexual health

    The study provides information on key reproductive and sexual health indicators in young women and men age 15-24 in 38 developing countries. The data come from Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) and AIDS Indicator Surveys (AIS) conducted between 2001 and 2005. Indicators are selected for the following key areas: background characteristics; adolescent pregnancy; contraception; sexual activity; and HIV/AIDS-related knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors. Additional analysis examines the association of various individual and household characteristics with the key indicators.

  11. Training for life: teacher training on HIV/AIDS

    In May 2006, Education International (EI) published ' Training for Life' a draft report aimed at establishing a clear picture on the record of governments in providing pre- and in-service training to teachers on HIV and AIDS. The report was written on the basis of information submitted by EI affiliated teacher unions in 8 countries. This latest edition of Training for Life updates the situation regarding teacher training on HIV and AIDS in these countries (where new data was available), whilst also taking some newcomers, namely Sierra Leone and Guyana. …

  12. Training for life: teacher training on HIV/AIDS

    In 2005 EI sent a survey to all unions involved in the then 'HIV and AIDS Prevention through Schools Programme' to gather information on the positioning of HIV and AIDS within pre and in-service training. The following countries were included in the EI survey and feature in this report: 1. Kenya (KNUT/Kenya National Union of Teachers) 2. Uganda (UNATU/Uganda National Teachers' Union) 3. Tanzania (TTU/Tanzania Teachers' Union) 4. Malawi (TUM/Teachers' Union of Malawi) 5. Guinea (FSPE-SLECG/Federation of Professional Education Unions/Free Union of Teachers and Researchers) 6. …

  13. The effect of HIV/AIDS on educational attainment

    Using data from Demographic and Health Surveys for eleven countries in sub-Saharan Africa,the authorestimates the effect of local HIV prevalence on individual human capital investment. The authorfinds that the HIV/AIDS epidemic has reduced human capital investment: living in an area with higher HIV prevalence is associated with lower levels of completed schooling and slower progress through school. These results are consistent with a model of human capital investment in which parents and children respond to changes in the expected return to schooling driven by mortality risk.

  14. Identifying promising approaches in HIV/AIDS and education

    In April 2000 the Association for the Development of Education in Africa (ADEA) initiated an exercise aimed at identifying effective responses by education systems to the effects of HIV/AIDS on the education structures of countries in sub-Saharan Africa. The objective was to identify promising approaches and interventions in the education sector to issues caused by the epidemic. …

  15. HIV and AIDS education. Teacher training and teaching: a web-based desk study of 10 African countries

    UNESCO's Teacher Training Initiative in Sub-Saharan Africa (TTISSA) is a new 10-year project to improve the quality and teacher training capacities in 46 sub-Saharan countries. The programme is designed to assist countries to synchronize their policies, teacher education and labour practices with national development priorities for Education for All (EFA) and the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) through a series of four-year cycles. …

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