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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Child marriage in West and Central Africa at a glance

    Child marriage in West and Central Africa is one of the biggest challenges in the region and has enormous adverse effects on education, health, including sexual and reproductive health, and on the overall development of adolescents and youth. This brochure provides recent data and analysis of child marriage in the region.

  2. Why addressing child marriage and adolescent pregnancy is essential to achieving the demographic dividend in West and Central Africa: position paper

    This position paper presents several strong arguments about why it is imperative to address child marriage and adolescent pregnancy, if we want to succeed in harnessing the demographic dividend in West and Central Africa. It also provides recommendations on the key actions different stakeholder groups can take to make this a reality.

  3. Why addressing child marriage and adolescent pregnancy is essential to achieving the demographic dividend in West and Central Africa: policy brief

    Girls are subject to child marriage, female genital mutilation and limited education and as such, are denied equality of opportunities. At the beginning of 2016, the African Union Heads of State and Government underlined a commitment to put young people and women first by agreeing to focus on “Harnessing the demographic dividend through investments in youth” throughout 2017 and beyond. UNFPA in West and Central Africa recognizes the critical importance of investing in adolescents and youth, particularly adolescent girls. …

  4. Les violences de genre en milieu scolaire comme facteur de déscolarisation des filles en Afrique subsaharienne francophone

    Ce rapport s’inscrit dans le cadre des travaux menés par le groupe de travail sur les « violences de genre en milieu scolaire comme facteur de déscolarisation des filles » lancé par le ministère des Affaires étrangères et européennes et l’Association Genre en Action. Ce dossier se focalise sur les violences de genre exercées au sein de l’école et autour de l’école dans vingt pays d’Afrique francophone.

  5. Accelerating education’s response to HIV and AIDS

    A review was conducted to assess key achievements of the Accelerate Initiative, lessons learned and possible ways forward. The output of this review is a technical paper titled ‘Accelerating the Education Sector Response to HIV and AIDS: Five Years On’, which describes how UNESCO, UNICEF, the World Bank and other partners have been working together since 2002 to help countries in sub-Saharan Africa develop strong leadership in the education sector response to HIV and AIDS.

  6. Synthesis of multi-country study on the impact of HIV and AIDS on teachers and teaching in formal and non formal education in Benin, Ghana, Guinea and Niger

    This multi-country study on the impact of HIV and AIDS on the education sector was carried out in four countries in order to identify current practices and to explore their strengths and weaknesses. The study revealed that the various stakeholders in the education system had limited knowledge of national HIV and AIDS and education policies and as a result actions aimed at mitigating the impact of HIV and AIDS were largely ineffective. HIV and AIDS affect the offer, demand and quality of education due to an absence of administrative measures to manage infected and affected persons. …

  7. Addressing sexual health and HIV in school. Four initiatives from sub-Saharan Africa and Latin America

    This publication describes three German-supported initiatives in Africa (specifically in Guinea, Mozambique and Tanzania) and one in Latin America (a six-country regional initiative). All integrate sexual health and HIV prevention within school systems. The three African initiatives operate within generalized epidemics driven largely by unprotected sex between men and women. In Latin America general prevalence in the countries described here is well below one percent, and much less among young people. …

  8. Status report adolescents and young people in sub-Saharan Africa: Opportunities and challenges

    Nearly half of the world's population, some 3 billion people, is under the age of 25. As the largest generation ever of young people, investments in their health and well-being are crucial so they can make a positive transition into adulthood and fully contribute to the economic and social development of their families, communities and nations. But in order to develop strategies and mobilize financial resources to support adolescent and youth development, decisionmakers need reliable, up-to-date demographic, health, education and socioeconomic data about young people. …

  9. Factors associated with HIV infection among sexually experienced adolescents in Africa: a pooled data analysis

    The article examines the factors associated with HIV status among adolescents aged 15–19 years in 13 African countries. The data were derived from demographic and health surveys or AIDS indicator surveys conducted between 2004 and 2009. The levels of HIV prevalence among adolescents varied considerably across the countries. There was significantly higher HIV prevalence among female adolescents as compared with their male counterparts. For male adolescents, circumcision was the only variable significantly associated with HIV status. …

  10. Évaluation de l'effet des enseignements sur le VIH/SIDA dispensés dans les centres NAFA

    C'est dans le dessein d'apprécier les retombées des enseignements dispensés sur le VIH/SIDA dans les centres NAFA que nous avons choisi d'entreprendre la présente étude. Les principales questions sur lesquelles la recherche a porté sont celles relatives :1) - au contexte de la formation et de l'information reçue sur le VIH/SIDA ; 2) - le stade actuel des connaissances et des représentations sur la maladie ; 3)- Et les effets des enseignements reçus sur les attitudes et les comportements des filles des centres NAFA.

  11. Reproductive health for refugees by refugees in Guinea IV: Peer education and HIV knowledge, attitudes, and reported practices

    Peer education has long been used to promote HIV awareness and reduce risk. However, little has been written about its use in refugee settings. This study aimed to assess whether refugee peer education could improve HIV knowledge, attitudes and practices among Guinean refugees. The study also assessed whether gender, age or formal education were more strongly associated to improved HIV outcomes than peer education. Data was collected through a cross-sectional survey of 889 men and women in 23 camps throughout the Forest Region, Guinea. …

  12. Accélérer la réponse du secteur de l'éducation face au VIH/SIDA: le bilan de cinq ans 2002-2007. Rapport d'activité des points focaux des ministères de l'éducation de l'Afrique subsaharienne pour accélérer la réponse du secteur de l'éducation face au VIH/SIDA

    En 2002, l'Equipe de travail inter-institutions de l'ONUSIDA sur l'éducation a mis sur pied un Groupe de travail - connu sous le nom "Initiative Accélérée" - pour s'attaquer à ces défis et appuyer les pays d'Afrique subsaharienne au moment où ces derniers "accélèrent la réponse du secteur de l'éducation face au VIH/SIDA". La philosophie de l'Initiative Accélérée a toujours été de promouvoir une planification des activités du bas vers le haut, s'inspirant des exemples avérés de bonnes pratiques aussi bien au niveau régional que national. …

  13. Accelerating the Education Sector Response to HIV: Five Years of Experience from Sub-Saharan Africa

    This review was undertaken by the Ministry of Education Focal Points for school health and HIV/AIDS from countries in Sub-Saharan Africa participating in the Accelerate Initiative, together with representatives of stakeholders and partners, using data collated during the 2007 school health and HIV/AIDS Focal Point Survey. …

  14. Cadre stratégique national 2008-2012

    Le Cadre Stratégique National 2008-2012 est de nature multisectorielle et pluridisciplinaire. Il définit les principes directeurs et les grandes orientations, les stratégies et les actions prioritaires de riposte à l'épidémie du sida. Il prend en compte les acquis et les faiblesses du CSN 2003-2007, notamment des lacunes dans le suivi et l'évaluation, de l'inadéquation de la couverture géographique, de la faible contribution de l'Etat dans le financement de la réponse nationale et du faible respect des "Trois Principes". …

  15. Nous les jeunes - L'éducation sexuelle à l'école: fiches pédagogiques pour enseigantes et enseignants

    Matériel d'information et de formation basé sur les méthodes de la pédagogie active destiné aux enseignantes et enseignants de la République de Guinée (classe 5ème et 6ème). Il contient des illustrations, des mises en situation, de jeux-tests et de jeux de rôles.

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