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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Comprehensive sexuality education (CSE) in Asia: a regional brief

    This brief aims to provide an overview on the status of the implementation of CSE within Asia, drawing specifically to 11 countries from South, South East and Central Asia. It further analyses the current laws and policies on the status of CSE while presenting the gaps, challenges and barriers on its implementation. Furthermore, the brief also posits recommendations for the improvement of the existing policies, which would enable progressive action by governments, policy-makers, duty-bearers, non-governmental bodies, and other stakeholders. …

  2. Factors associated with teenage pregnancy in South Asia: a systematic review

    Background: South Asia has a large proportion of young people in the world and teenage pregnancy has emerged as one of the major public health problem among them. The objective of this study is to systematically review to identify the risk factors associated with teenage pregnancy in South Asian countries. Methods: We systematically searched MEDLINE, EMBASE and CINAHL database (1996 to April 2007) and web-based information. Inclusion criteria were the English-language papers available in the UK and describing teenage pregnancy in South Asia. …

  3. South Asia regional advocacy framework and resource guide: HIV, human rights and sexual orientation and gender identity

    This South Asia Regional Advocacy Framework and Resource Guide was developed to assist organizations in South Asia to work together on advocacy priorities for removing the legal and policy barriers that prevent MSM and transgender people from enjoying the right to the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health, particularly in relation to access to HIV prevention, treatment and care. …

  4. The capacity of national human rights institutions to address human rights in relation to sexual orientation, gender identity and HIV: Regional report

    This study takes stock of recent developments in a number of South and South-east Asian countries in relation to the issue of sexual orientation and gender identity. It provides a welcome update of positive initiatives from various national human rights institutions, in addressing the discrimination, stigmatization and violations facing individuals and groups who simply wish “to be” what they actually are. These initiatives include research, advocacy, education, public mobilization, and contributions to judicial decisions, laws, policies and other processes to protect human rights.

  5. Regional legal reference resource. Protective laws related to HIV, men who have sex with men and transgender people in South Asia. Promoting a legal enabling environment and strengthening the legal response to HIV

    This Reference Resource documents key protective laws focused on HIV, men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender people in five countries in South Asia. The two primary objectives of the Reference Resource are to: 1. build the capacity of legal professionals to analyze protective laws (focusing on people living with HIV, MSM and transgender people); and 2. develop a resource to support legislative drafting, law reform and advocacy initiatives.

  6. South Asian Regional Conference: Responding to the needs of out of school adolescents. Experiences of South Asian countries. Selected best practices, report of the conference and recommendations

    The overall objective of the conference was to contribute to the thinking on Goal 3 of EFA Goals using the experiences/learning of existing governmental/non governmental efforts in the South Asian Region. The deliberations that took place at the conference provided a platform for practitioners as well as policy makers from government/non government organizations/agencies in the South Asian region, who are working with out of school adolescents, to share their experiences and ideas with each other. …

  7. Tackling HIV-related stigma and discrimination in South Asia

    In its 2008 round, Tackling HIV and AIDS Stigma and Discrimination, the South Asia Region Development Marketplace (SARDM) supported 26 implementers from six countries to pilot innovative interventions over a 12- to 18-month period. The findings in this report are based on project monitoring and evaluation data collected by SARDM implementers and six case studies conducted by the International Center for Research on Women (ICRW). They suggest some broad crosscutting principles as well as programmatic lessons associated with specific approaches. …

  8. Framework for the protection, care and support of children affected by HIV/AIDS

    The Regional Strategic Framework for the Protection, Care and Support of Children Affected by HIV/AIDS provides guidance to the eight member states of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) on a consistent approach across South Asia to the protection, care and support of children affected by HIV/AIDS. The regional framework promotes a universal approach to ensure children affected by HIV/AIDS have access to the same public and social support systems which are available to other children, rather than being separated or singled out. …

  9. A survey report on information needs assessment on ARH in selected countries in Asia and the Pacific

    This report is the outcome of a survey conducted in May 2004 among programmes/projects or organizations with Adolescent Reproductive and Sexual Health (ARSH) activities, UNFPA's country offices in the Asia and the Pacific region and other partners. It was meant to update information on ARSH needs to more effectively assist programmes dealing with ARSH in Asia and the Pacific region, and to serve as the basis to prepare a regional work plan of interventions. This document is available online at http://www2.unescobkk.org/elib/publications/arh_assessment/ARH_assessment.pdf#

  10. Strategies for Sexual and Reproductive Health of Adolescents and Youth: Consolidated Report for Malaysia, Nepal and Sri Lanka

    This publication is a consolidated report of projects in Malaysia, Nepal and Sri Lanka as implemented by Japanese Organization for International Cooperation in Family Planning (JOICFP) under the Asia Regional Project - Strategies for Sexual and Reproductive Health of Adolescents and Youth 2000-2003, with the support of UNFPA and in collaboration with IPPF. This project aimed to increase understanding of reproductive and sexual behaviour of adolescents and youth as well as develop viable adolescent sexual and reproductive health programme modalities. …

  11. Towards adulthood : exploring the sexual and reproductive health of adolescents in South Asia

    The publication provides a comprehensive overview of the socio-demographic and sexual and reproductive health situation of adolescents in South Asia, including available evidence about the health risks and challenges that young people face in South Asian countries.

  12. Advocacy and IEC programmes and strategies

    This booklet describes the fourteen countries' responses to address the problems faced by adolescents by showing the various programmes and activities that the countries are carrying out. Each of the programme included describes the target audiences reached, the scope, type of organizations involved, their objectives, strategies used, outputs or results of such programmes and impact. After describing the overall programme details, this bookelt zeroes in on the advocacy and IEC strategies which have been used. …

  13. Demographic profile

    This booklet describes the adolescent population of fourteen countries in terms of their demographic profile such as their poulation size, age of marriage, educational attainment, employment, and health, among others. This followed by an overall picture of the reproductive and sexual health characteristics of the adolescents through their fertility practices, teen pregnancy/childbearing abortion, HIV/AIDS and STDs, family planning and contraception. …

  14. Strategies for adolescent health and development South-East Asia Region: report of an Intercountry Consultation, New Delhi, 26-29 May 1998

    The Intercountry Consultation on Development of Strategies for Adolescent Health for South-East Asia Region of WHO was held from 26-29 May 1998 in New Delhi, India. The meeting was participated by representatives of countries from the health education, youth, women and NGO sectors as well as by UN agencies and observers. The objectives of the meeting were to review the health situation and issues related to adolescents in South-East Asia; to develop strategies for health and development of adolescents involving stake-holders from relevant sectors; and to plan for follow-up actions.

  15. Young people and HIV/AIDS: Responding to the new Asian crisis

    HIV/AIDS is currently one of the biggest threats to children and adults worldwide with over 36 million people infected with HIV, of which 1.4 million are children. This report aims to illustrate the approaches used by Save the Children UK to reduce the imapct of HIV/AIDS on children accross South and South-East Asia and how SC UK works with children to prevent the further spread of HIV/AIDS.

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