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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Preventing HIV and unintended pregnancies: strategic framework 2011–2015

    This framework supports the 'Global Plan Towards the Elimination of New HIV Infections among Children by 2015 and Keeping their Mothers Alive'. It is a product of The Inter-agency Task Team (IATT) for Prevention and Treatment of HIV Infection in Pregnant Women, Mothers, and their Children and was developed by the IATT Working Group on Primary Prevention of HIV and the Prevention of Unintended Pregnancies in Women Living with HIV (now included with the Integration Working Group under the re-configured IATT). It offers guidance to: 1. …

  2. WHO guidelines on preventing early pregnancy and poor reproductive outcomes among adolescents in developing countries

    These guidelines provide recommendations on action and research for a) preventing early pregnancy: by preventing marriage before 18 years of age; by increasing knowledge and understanding of the importance of pregnancy prevention; by increasing the use of contraception; and by preventing coerced sex; and b) preventing poor reproductive outcomes: by reducing unsafe abortions; and by increasing the use of skilled antenatal, childbirth and postnatal care. …

  3. Girls' schooling and the perceived threat of adolescent sexual activity in rural Malawi

    Despite its relative infrequency, pregnancy is perceived by parents in rural Malawi as a leading cause of school dropout among female students. This paper explores parents' beliefs about adolescent sexual activity and schoolgirl pregnancy and how these perceptions frame parents' aspirations and expectations about girls' schooling. In-depth interviews were collected in rural Malawi from 60 adults aged 25–50 who were the parent of at least one school-aged child. …

  4. Mother-daughter communication about sexual maturation, abstinence and unintended pregnancy: Experiences form an informal settlement in Nairobi, Kenya

    Parental communication and support is associated with improved developmental, health and behavioral outcomes in adolescence. This study explores the quality of mother-daughter communication about sexual maturation, abstinence and unintended pregnancy in Korogocho, an informal settlement in Nairobi, Kenya. We use data from 14 focus group discussions (n = 124) and 25 interviews with girls aged 12-17, mothers of teenage girls, and key informant teachers. …

  5. Addressing early marriage of young and adolescent girls

    Girls in many resource-poor countries often have little choice about whom or when they marry. Orphans and young girls without involved caregivers are particularly vulnerable to early marriage. Early marriage curtails girls’ freedom, isolates them from peers, and ends their education prematurely. Often wed to men who are older and more sexually experienced, young brides lack power and are more likely to experience partner violence. They risk exposure to HIV and other STIs. …

  6. Human capital consequences of teenage childbearing in South Africa

    Women in South Africa have had fewer children on average since the 1970s, but the rate of teenage childbearing in South Africa has remained the same. Large numbers of young mothers are a cause for social concern in South Africa and other countries because of the adverse impact of teenage childbearing on the education and health of teen mothers and their children. …

  7. Multi-city assessment of lifetime pregnancy involvement among street youth, Ukraine

    The authors conducted an assessment to describe the prevalence of and risk factors associated with lifetime pregnancy involvement (LPI) among street youth from three Ukrainian cities. They used modified time-location sampling to conduct a cross-sectional assessment in Odesa, Kyiv, and Donetsk that included citywide mapping of 91 public locations frequented by street youth, random selection of 74 sites, and interviewing of all eligible and consenting street youth ages 15-24 years found at sampled sites (n = 929). …

  8. Executive Summary: Sexual risk and protective factors. Factors affecting teen sexual behavior, pregnancy, childbearing and sexually transmitted disease: What are important? Which can you change?

    Executive Summary: Sexual Risk and Protective Factors. Factors Affecting Teen Sexual Behavior, Pregnancy, Childbearing And Sexually Transmitted Disease: What Are Important? Which Can You Change? is a document part of the project of the United States National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy. It addresses two main primary questions: 1) what factors influence adolescents' decisions about sex? And 2) Which of these factors can be altered? By identifying and targeting those factors it tries to provide information to reduce sexual risk-taking.

  9. Preventing teen pregnancy among marginalized youth: Developing a policy, program, and research agenda for the future

    The document is a report produced by Healthy Teen Networks in September 2008. Its vision is that all young people make responsible decisions regarding their sexual, reproductive, and parenting behaviors. The document focuses on improving the effective transition to adulthood among all young by examining how to be more effective in reducing their risk of early pregnancy. …

  10. Poor Parenting: Teenagers' Views on Adolescent Pregnancies in Eastern Uganda

    This qualitative study in Busia District focused on the views of teenagers themselves as expressed in nine focus group discussions with girls and boys. Their perspectives were contrasted with those of community leaders and mothers of adolescents. The young people blamed teenage pregnancy on failures of the parental generation. They asserted that parents and guardians were both too lenient and too harsh, that they failed to provide for their daughters' needs, and that they pressured them into early marriages instead of giving priority to education. …

  11. Safer choices: preventing HIV, other STD and pregnancy

    This is an in-school HIV, STI and pregnancy prevention programme targeting high-school students. It aims to help young people delay sex initiation and, if they have sex, to use condoms and minimise the number of sexual partners. An important feature of Safer Choices is its school-wide approach. The programme is not limited to an in-class curriculum but also involves teachers, parents, community members and students through a peer leader component. …

  12. Draw the line/respect the line: setting limits to prevent HIV, STD and pregnancy. Grade 8

    This publication is focused on providing students with the skills to define their own sexual limits and to have these limits respected in case of pressure. These "healthy sexual limits" are intended to help keep young people safe from HIV, STIs and pregnancy. The programme is divided into 19 one-hour sessions distributed over three grade levels (Grades 6, 7 and 8) and is designed for in-school use either by a school-teacher or an outside educator. It is especially targeted at Latino students, but has nee used with students of all races/ethnicities. …

  13. Draw the line/respect the line: setting limits to prevent HIV, STD and pregnancy. Grade 7

    This publication is focused on providing students with the skills to define their own sexual limits and to have these limits respected in case of pressure. These "healthy sexual limits" are intended to help keep young people safe from HIV, STIs and pregnancy. The programme is divided into 19 one-hour sessions distributed over three grade levels (Grades 6, 7 and 8) and is designed for in-school use either by a school-teacher or an outside educator. It is especially targeted at Latino students, but has nee used with students of all races/ethnicities. …

  14. Draw the line/respect the line: setting limits to prevent HIV, STD and pregnancy. Grade 6

    This publication is focused on providing students with the skills to define their own sexual limits and to have these limits respected in case of pressure. These "healthy sexual limits" are intended to help keep young people safe from HIV, STIs and pregnancy. The programme is divided into 19 one-hour sessions distributed over three grade levels (Grades 6, 7 and 8) and is designed for in-school use either by a school-teacher or an outside educator. It is especially targeted at Latino students, but has nee used with students of all races/ethnicities. …

  15. Focus on youth: an HIV prevention program for African-American youth

    This is an HIV and sexually transmitted disease (STD) and teen pregnancy prevention programme targeting African-American youth between the ages of 12 and 15. First developed for recreation centres, it has been adapted to school settings. It is the updated version of the Focus on kids curriculum first developed in the 1990s. This curriculum has been thoroughly reviewed and evaluated and has been successfully exported to different cultural settings such as the Bahamas, China, Namibia and Viet Nam. …

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