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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Nurturing enabling environments for culturally appropriate HIV and AIDS policies through informed public dialogue the case of Botswana and Zambia

    As part of UNESCO’s strategy to respond to the global HIV and AIDS epidemic, the Culture, HIV and AIDS program works to support the development of culturally appropriate policies and programming that are gender-responsive, human-rights based and built on a thorough analysis of the cultural and social specificities of those communities concerned. UNESCO’s ‘official’ definition of culture as contained in the UNESCO Mexico City Declaration on Cultural Policies (1982) reads as following: “a set of distinctive spiritual and material, intellectual and emotional characteristics which define a soci …

  2. A Cultural approach to HIV/AIDS prevention and care: UNESCO/UNAIDS research project. Uganda’s experience: country report

    This document provides the findings of a country assessment carried out in Uganda in the first phase of the UNESCO/UNAIDS joint project "A Cultural Approach to HIV/AIDS: Prevention and Care". The purpose of this exercise was threefold: (i) to assess the evolution of the epidemic (HIV infection and PWA) and its cultural and societal impact in the context and perspective of sustainable development. (ii) to determine how and to which extent culture, features and resources of the population are being taken into consideration in the design, implementation and evaluation of HIV/AIDS interventions. …

  3. La sensibilisation contre le VIH/sida en Afrique de l'Ouest. Aspects linguistiques et communicatifs

    Le document est la restitution de la présentation d' un projet de recherche sur les aspects linguistiques et interactionnels de la sensibilisation contre le VIH/sida au Burkina Faso. Les recherches présentées s'inscrivent dans le cadre théorique de l'analyse de discours et de l'analyse interactionnelle. Sur le plan méthodologique, nous avons opté pour une approche empirique. Les données se composent de cours de formation pour futurs pairs éducateurs que nous avons enregistrés sur vidéo. …

  4. Collaborating with Traditional Healers for HIV Prevention and Care in sub-Saharan Africa: suggestions for Programme Managers and Field Workers

    These guidelines aim to empower health authorities, governmental and nongovernmental organizations as well as community groups seeking to develop a productive relationship between traditional and conventional (that is modern or biomedical) health systems. The guidelines were conceived to help envision, plan, design, implement, evaluate and scale up initiatives that involve collaborating with traditional healers for HIV prevention and care in sub-Saharan Africa. The ultimate goal of this effort is to improve access to, and quality of, health services for the clients of both systems. …

  5. Overlooked! Let's Know Thyself! A qualitative study on cultural factors in transmission, prevention, care and treatment of HIV and AIDS in Bangladesh

    This study report is an attempt to identify the fact and factors behind our cultural and social dispositions that influence HIV infections with an objective to think out of the box and dig into issues which contribute to the epidemic in our daily urban and rural lifestyles. The study revealed with strong evidence that the people of Bangladesh value their traditional practices but increasingly yield to significant pressure of mixed western culture and many of these traditions and practices have a bearing on sexual relations, and therefore HIV transmission.

  6. HIV Risk Factors among Moroccan and Turkish Same-Sex Attracted Youth in Amsterdam

    This report is the outcome of a month-long exploratory study on the main HIV risk factors among Moroccan and Turkish same-sex attracted (SSA) youth in Amsterdam. Data was obtained by way of interviews conducted with five experts, categorized as: academics, sexual and ethnic minority activists, and HIV professionals. Five main risk factors were determined: cultural differences; language barriers; stigma and taboo around sexuality and HIV within Islamic communities; socioeconomic marginalization; and lack of a positive term for same-sex sexual behavior and identity among the target group. …

  7. HIV and AIDS in Azerbaijan: a socio-cultural approach

    This publication presents the full-length review of the current situation of the epidemic in Azerbaijan from a socio-cultural perspective.

  8. HIV/AIDS in Armenia: a socio-cultural approach

    This publication presents the full-length review of the current situation of the epidemic in Armenia from a socio-cultural perspective.

  9. HIV and AIDS in Georgia: A Socio-Cultural Approach

    The current report is the first attempt at an in-depth analysis of the socio-cultural factors driving the HIV epidemic in Georgia and the socio-cultural resources that can be used in the response to the epidemic. In addition, it explores effective ways to communicate messages about HIV prevention to the population, and in particular youth, while keeping a balance between local culture and traditions, and innovative educational interventions.

  10. HIV and AIDS in the Caucasus Region: A Socio-Cultural Approach

    This work is the outcome of a year-long project directed by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), funded by the Flemish government, and assisted by the National HIV/AIDS Centers in Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia. …

  11. Variáveis culturais e psicossociais associadas à vulnerabilidade étnica ao HIV/AIDS: estudo comparativo entre Brasil e França

    Esta pesquisa teve por objetivo identificar aspectos culturais e psicossociais associados às vulnerabilidades de jovens afrodescendentes e brancos, no Brasil e na França, ao HIV/Aids. A pesquisa foi realizada em duas etapas: a primeira, qualitativa, com 36 entrevistas a estudantes do ensino médio no Brasil com o objetivo de fornecer elementos indicadores sobre a vulnerabilidade, conhecimentos e Representações Sociais da aids dos jovens brasileiros, além de indicar elementos para a elaboração de um questionário a ser aplicado na segunda etapa. …

  12. Horizontes interculturales en salud y VIH: Una mirada al enfoque intercultural en las políticas públicas de respuesta al VIH y SIDA en Ecuador

    Una publicación elaborada en el marco del proyecto "Factores culturales para la prevención del VIH en mujeres indígenas del Ecuador" es una aproximación al enfoque intercultural en las políticas públicas referidas a VIH y pueblos indígenas en Ecuador. Se hace un análisis de la incorporación del enfoque intercultural en las políticas públicas de prevención del VIH. …

  13. Finding courage in faith. Religious leaders challenge stigma and mobilize a faith-based response to HIV in Kenya

    In 2004, a group of 44 religious leaders came together to found the Kenya Network of Religious Leaders Living with or Personally Affected by HIV/AIDS (KENERELA+). The POLICY Project collaborated with World Vision to help establish the network. KENERELA+'s mission is to support religious leaders and stimulate a more active response to HIV within religious communities. The group seeks to equip, empower, and engage religious leaders living with or personally affected by HIV and AIDS to live positively and openly as agents of hope and change.

  14. A cultural approach to HIV/AIDS and care. HIV/AIDS stigma and discrimination: an anthropological approach

    Ce document résulte d'un projet conjoint de l'UNESCO et d'ONUSIDA intitulé "L'approche culturelle de la prévention et du traitement du VIH et sida". Il vise à lutter contre la stigmatisation et la discrimination des personnes vivant avec le VIH. Ce document présente les actes de la table ronde organisée en novembre 2002 dans le cadre du projet sur le thème: " VIH et sida, stigmatisation et discrimination : une approche anthropologique ". …

  15. The churches confronted with the problem of HIV/AIDS. Analysis of the situation in six countries of Eastern Africa: Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia

    The document is a study published by the World Council of Churches in 2003 to investigate the involvement of churches and ecumenical organisations in responding to HIV & AIDS in Eastern Africa. On account of the fact that they constitute a microcosm of society, and considering the vanguard and prophetic role that they have played in other areas, it should be acknowledged that churches and ecumenical organisations have a crucial role to play in the efforts aimed at controlling and eradicating the epidemic. …

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