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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Equipping educators to address HIV and AIDS: A review of selected teacher education initiatives

    Teacher educators, school principals and teachers are potentially well positioned to play a pivotal role in changing the course of the HIV and AIDS epidemic. The purpose of this article is to focus on a spectrum of educational initiatives in sub-Saharan Africa and South Africa which are designed to equip educators to be informed about, and to manage, HIV and AIDS in their personal and professional lives. …

  2. A summary report on re-invigoration of education sector response to HIV and AIDS in the SADC region

    This brief summarizes the "Reinvigorating Education Sector (EDSEC) Responses to HIV and AIDS" in the SADC region commissioned by UNESCO/UNICEF/SADC Secretariat during the course of 2010. …

  3. Integration of HIV/AIDS studies into the comprehensive university undergraduate curriculum: a strategy to eliminate infection among students

    In South Africa, first year university students are vulnerable and at a high risk, of HIV infection the other group need immediate intervention because they might be sexually active and have established patterns of risky sexually behaviour. The number of students infected with HIV/ AIDS-related illness is increasing and this affects institution negatively. The purpose of this phenomenological study was to examine whether the integration of HIV/AIDS into the curriculum can reduce or minimise the infection rate among students. …

  4. Summary of methodologies to measure prevention of HIV/AIDS among young people

    This document is a summary of the major tools that have been commonly used to measure prevention of HIV/AIDS among youth. This table has been designed to help program planners, policy makers, and others interested in understanding the status of youth HIV risk and youth HIV prevention programs at the national, regional, or local level identify sources of relevant information.

  5. HIV infection and schooling experiences of adolescents in Uganda

    This chapter, from the publication " Social and psychosocial aspects of HIV/AIDS and their ramifications" responds to the need for relevant evidence by exploring the experiences of HIV-positive adolescent boys and girls in primary and secondary schools in Uganda from the perspectives of school officials and teachers, the general student body, as well as adolescents perinatally infected with HIV. …

  6. Costs of interventions for AIDS orphans and vulnerable children

    Objective: To review the published and grey literature for information regarding the costs and cost effectiveness of interventions aimed at improving the welfare of orphans and vulnerable children owing to HIV ⁄ AIDS in low- and middle-income countries. Method: We carried out a search of the peer-reviewed literature through PubMed, EconLit, and Web of Science for the period January 2000 to December 2010. …

  7. Effectiveness of HIV prevention for youth in sub-Saharan Africa: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized and nonrandomized trials

    Objective: Systematically assess the effectiveness of HIV-prevention interventions in changing sexual behaviour of young people (10–25 years) in sub-Saharan Africa. Methods: Three online databases were searched using prespecified terms. Additional articles were identified on websites of international organizations and by searching bibliographies. Randomized and nonrandomized trials of interventions aiming to reduce risk behaviour were included as well as single-arm studies reporting effects of differential exposure to an intervention. …

  8. Linking sexual and reproductive health and HIV interventions: a systematic review

    Background: The international community agrees that the Millennium Development Goals will not be achieved without ensuring universal access to both sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services and HIV/AIDS prevention, treatment, care and support. Recently, there has been increasing awareness and discussion of the possible benefits of linkages between SRH and HIV programmes at the policy, systems and service delivery levels. However, the evidence for the efficacy of these linkages has not been systematically assessed. …

  9. A surprising prevention success: Why did the HIV epidemic decline in Zimbabwe?

    There is growing recognition that primary prevention, including behavior change, must be central in the fight against HIV/AIDS. The earlier successes in Thailand and Uganda may not be fully relevant to the severely affected countries of southern Africa. We conducted an extensive multi-disciplinary synthesis of the available data on the causes of the remarkable HIV decline that has occurred in Zimbabwe (29% estimated adult prevalence in 1997 to 16% in 2007), in the context of severe social, political, and economic disruption. …

  10. Education and HIV and AIDS: Bold targets; bold responses. A review of HIV and AIDS policy response and implementation in the SADC region

    This publication summarizes the findings from the Reinvigorating Education Sector Responses to HIV and AIDS process in the SADC region, commissioned by UNESCO, UNICEF and the SADC Secretariat during the course of 2010. …

  11. Mobile phone applications for the care and prevention of HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases: A review

    Background: Mobile phone applications (apps) provide a new platform for delivering tailored human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and sexually transmitted disease (STD) prevention and care. Objective: To identify and evaluate currently available mobile phone apps related to the prevention and care of HIV and other STDs. Methods: We searched the Apple iTunes and Android Google Play stores for HIV/STD-related apps, excluding apps that exclusively targeted industry, providers, and researchers. …

  12. 2011-2012 education sector HIV and AIDS global progress survey: Progression, regression or stagnation?

    The 2011-2012 Global Progress Survey (GPS) is a 39 country survey of HIV and AIDS policy and programmes in the education sector. This report highlights key findings from the GPS to provide a picture of how countries’ education sectors are responding to HIV and AIDS, what progress has been made since the 2004 Global Readiness Survey, as well as pointing out the main policy implications of the current situation. …

  13. Nothing as practical as good theory? The theoretical basis of HIV prevention interventions for young people in sub-Saharan Africa: A systematic review

    This paper assesses the extent to which HIV prevention interventions for young people in sub-Saharan Africa are grounded in theory and if theory-based interventions are more effective. Three databases were searched for evaluation studies of HIV prevention interventions for youth. Additional articles were identified on websites of international organisations and through searching references. 34 interventions were included; 25 mentioned the use of theory. …

  14. In sweet harmony? A review of health and education sectorwide approaches (SWAps) in the South Pacific. Phase 1 of a Joint Learning Initiative

    This desk study distills evidence from a document review of selected health and education SWAps ongoing in Pacific Island countries to address four questions: (i) are the anticipated benefits of the approach being realized; (ii) are the objectives of national sector programs likely to be achieved; (iii) how is the approach affecting sector program results; and (iv) how is the approach affecting the efficacy of the DPs. …

  15. Life skills-based HIV education and Education for All

    Education including life skills-based education has a positive role to play in contexts where messages have been accurate, HIV education coverage in schools has been high, and implementation has been sustained and to scale. At best however – and importantly – school-based HIV education is just one component of what UNAIDS calls combination HIV prevention, in which a range of actions provide a comprehensive mix of approaches. HIV education remains work in progress. …

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