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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. A case for legal protection for sexual minority educators

    Discrimination based on sexual orientation in K–12 education is not prohibited in many school districts across the United States. Teachers who are of the sexual minority (gay, lesbian, or bisexual) must remain closeted or risk losing their jobs. A history of past court decisions and laws deeming sexual minorities to be degenerates from which children should be protected, coupled with little legal protection for sexual minorities, have pressured many educators into remaining quiet about their identity. …

  2. Sexual orientation and gender identity and the protection of forced migrants

    Around the world, people face abuse, arbitrary arrest, extortion, violence, severe discrimination and lack of official protection because of their sexual orientation and/or gender identity. This latest issue of FMR includes 26 articles on the abuse of rights of forced migrants who identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender or intersex. Authors discuss both the challenges faced and examples of good practice in securing protection for LGBTI forced migrants.

  3. Child consent in South African law: Implications for researchers, service providers and policy-makers

    Children under 18 are legal minors who, in South African law, are not fully capable of acting independently without assistance from parents/legal guardians. However, in recognition of the evolving capacity of children, there are exceptional circumstances where the law has granted minors the capacity to act independently. …

  4. Adolescents' perceptions of sexual coercion in Uganda

    In Uganda, HIV prevalence remains high with young people at higher risk of infection than adults. Much is known about the sexual risk factors for HIV transmission among youths, including sexual encounters that are coerced. On the other hand, relatively little is known about the barriers to preventing sexual coercion and what strategies may overcome those barriers with adolescents. …

  5. Programs to address child marriage: Framing the problem

    Child marriage violates girls’ human rights and adversely affects their health and well-being. While age at marriage is increasing in most regions of the developing world, early marriage persists for large populations. Worldwide, it is estimated that more than one out of three women aged 20–24 were married before age 18, and one out of seven were married before age 15. There is great variation in child marriage practices across and within regions and between ethnic and religious groups. Eradicating child marriage has long been on the agenda of the United Nations and of individual countries. …

  6. Sexual, reproductive health needs and rights of young people with perinatally acquired HIV in Uganda

    The number of young people with perinatally acquired HIV is growing significantly. With antiretroviral drugs, children who get infected at birth with HIV have an opportunity to graduate into adolescence and adulthood. This achievement notwithstanding, new challenges have emerged in their care and support needs, the most dynamic being their sexual and reproductive health needs and rights (SRHR). …

  7. Práticas educativas e prevenção de HIV/Aids: lições aprendidas e desafios atuais

    A prevenção tem sido uma questão crucial para os programas de controle da Aids. Os enormes progressos doá conhecimento e da técnica nesse campo não chegaram a alterar substantivamente os determinantes fundamentais da infecção e adoecimento de significativos contingentes populacionais. Neste ensaio busca-se sistematizar as lições que aprendemos no campo da prevenção nessas duas décadas de epidemia, tomando como base, em especial, a experiência brasileira. …

  8. Committed to caring: Older women and HIV and AIDS in Cambodia, Thailand and Vietnam

    HIV and AIDS can prove devastating in undermining traditional support structures that sustain many families in Asia, reversing the expectation that parents will be looked after by their adult children as they become older. In reality, as this research report shows, older people, primarily women, are confronted with the task of caring for a sick adult child, coping with their eventual death, and possibly looking after a surviving grandchild.

  9. Facts for life: Fourth edition

    Facts for Life is a joint publication of UNICEF, WHO, UNESCO, UNFPA, UNDP, WFP, UNAIDS and the World Bank. It aims to provide families and communities with the information they need to save and improve the lives of children. This is the fourth edition of Facts for Life. It is based on the latest scientific findings by medical and child development experts around the world, and presented in simple language that can be understood and acted upon easily by people without a scientific background. The Facts for Life messages are also based on human rights.

  10. Legislation contagion: the spread of problematic new HIV laws in Western Africa

    Ce numérode la Revue VIH/SIDA, Droit et politique évoque la question de la la législation mise en oeuvre en réponse au VIH et au SIDA. Les lois modèles peuvent être un élément utile à la lutte contre le VIH/sida, mais à condition d'être solidement ancrées dans les principes des droits humains. En 2004, l'organisme AWARE-HIV/AIDS a préparé une loi type sur le VIH, pour l'Afrique occidentale. Quelques pays de cette région ont déjà rédigé des lois nationales fondées sur cette loi type. Dans ce principal article de la revue, certaines des principales dispositions de cette loi type sont étudiées. …

  11. Going all-out for human rights and sexual health

    Article qui décrit le Programme Santé sexuelle et droits humains (PROSAD), soutenu par le GTZ, au Burkina Faso. Les composantes, méthodes, activités et résultats du programme y sont clairement exposés et étayés par des chiffres.

  12. Constitución de vanguardia

    Artículo con una breve descripción de la nueva Constitución ecuatoriana aprobada en 2008. Entre otros elementos, reconoce la unión civil entre dos personas sin importar su sexo, sanciona la discriminación por orientación sexual, expresión de género y de personas que viven con VIH.

  13. Visibilidad y participación social de las homosexualidades en Chile: la emergencia de una esfera pública subalterna

    Visibilidad y participación social de las homosexualidades en Chile: la emergencia de una esfera pública subalterna

  14. La epidemia del VIH/SIDA y los derechos humanos en la Comunidad Andina de Naciones

    Contenido del informe: ¿Qué pasa con la epidemia del VIH/SIDA en los países andinos?; la respuesta del sector gubernamental; hacia la integración subregional; situación delas personas que viven con VIH/SIDA; un asunto vinculado a la vida y la salud; recomendaciones

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