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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Young key populations and young people living with HIV and AIDS in Vietnam

    The aim of the program is to create enabling and empowering environment in the selected countries to enhance the engagement of young key populations in the Global Fund processes at country level, with following specific objectives: (i) To synthesize and generate strategic information in relation to HIV and young people to inform the National Strategic Plan review and Investment Cases; (ii) Ensure youth partners have the skills and knowledge to influence the country dialogue for adequately resourced HIV responses for young people; and (iii) Ensure programmes funded through the NFM targeting you …

  2. Education and risky sex in Africa: Unraveling the link between women’s education and reproductive health behaviors in Kenya

    Much research attention has been devoted to understanding the relationship between education and riskier sex-related behaviors and HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa. While in the early 1990s researchers found that increases in education were associated with a higher incidence of HIV/AIDS, this relationship appears to have reversed and better educated people, especially women, appear less likely to engage in riskier sex-related behaviors and have a lower incidence rate of HIV/AIDS. …

  3. Who are we failing? How marginalisation and vulnerability affect adolescents' needs for and access to SRHR

    This report summarises a rapid review carried out by Interact Worldwide and funded by Countdown 2015 Europe. The review addresses the perception that, in the context of SRHR, all adolescents are equally ‘marginalised’ and ‘vulnerable’ due to their age. It explores how such a general assertion neglects the dramatically different situations and experiences of adolescents throughout the world: in reality, not all are equally ‘marginalised’ or ‘vulnerable’. The review asks Who are we failing and why? …

  4. Situation assessment of the HIV response among young people in Zambia

    The main objective of this situational assessment is to compile and synthesize existing recent information on HIV and young people together with the current AIDS response for young people in Zambia, including programmes, policies, and key partners, and to document gaps and challenges in the response. In this document young people refers to individuals aged 10 to 24 years. It analyzes existing strategic information on HIV and young people and identifies gaps in the evidence and in the current HIV response.

  5. What works for women and girls: evidence for HIV/AIDS interventions

    The purpose of www.whatworksforwomen.org is to compile and summarize the base of evidence to support successful interventions in HIV programming for women and girls. National AIDS programs, government ministries, implementing partners, donors, civil society groups and others need an easy-to-understand format for identifying what works for women. …

  6. Reporte de Derechos Humanos 2006: Las mujeres positivas. La situación de las mujeres viviendo con VIH/sida en el Perú

    Informe sobre el ejercicio de los derechos humanos de las mujeres viviendo con VIH/SIDA en Perú y sobre el cumplimiento de las leyes vigentes y convenios internacionales que, al haber sido ratificados por el Estado peruano, son parte del ordenamiento jurídico interno, como la Convención sobre la eliminación de todas las formas de discriminación contra la mujer-CEDAW, y la Convención interamericana para prevenir, sancionar y erradicar la violencia contra la mujer-»Convención de Belem do Pará». …

  7. The role of the health sector in strengthening systems to support children's healthy development in communities affected by HIV/AIDS: A review

    This document is a review of the scientic evidence and practice experience in providing what has come to be called psychosocial programming and support for children infected with and affected by HIV, and their caregivers. A great deal of attention is currently focused on psychosocial support programmes for children living in communities affected by HIV/AIDS. Efforts to promote the psychosocial well-being of vulnerable children require conditions and assistance that go beyond psychosocial support programmes. …

  8. But where are our moral heroes?: An analysis of South African press reporting on children affected by HIV/AIDS

    Messages conveyed both explicitly and implicitly in the media play an important role in the shaping of public understanding of issues, as well as associated policy, programme and popular responses to these issues. This paper applies discourse analysis to a series of articles on children affected by HIV/AIDS published in 2002/2003 in the English-medium South African press. …

  9. Nunca pensé que esto me podía pasar a mí: VIH/sida y género en el Ecuador

    Este trabajo de investigación fue motivado por la preocupación que ha generado la creciente infección de VIH/SIDA entre las mujeres, principalmente "amas de casa" del Ecuador. La hipótesis de partida fue que esta realidad tiene directa relación con los patrones culturales de género existentes en el país, los cuales hacen más vulnerable a ese grupo poblacional. Para la investigación se realizaron entrevistas semi-estructuradas con 11 mujeres y 10 hombres viviendo con VIH/SIDA de las ciudades de Quito y Guayaquil. …

  10. Marco jurídico para la prevención del VIH/SIDA con jóvenes en Costa Rica: análisis de la legislación costarricense sobre juventud, VIH/SIDA y migración.

    Documento sobre el marco legal que garantiza los derechos de salud sexual y reproductiva y VIH/sida de los jóvenes en Costa Rica. Se analizan las regulaciones legales sobre juventud, VIH/sida y migración. En base a este análisis se detectan problemas como la ausencia de una política de género, o una perspectiva de derechos humanos en la legislación, además de la situación de precariedad de la población migrante en ese país.

  11. A qualitative review of psychosocial support for young people living with HIV

    The increasing effectiveness and availability of highly active antiretroviral treatment (HAART) during the past decade has resulted in the survival into adolescence of thousands of children born with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) who would otherwise have died in childhood. At the same time, despite growing awareness about effective interventions to prevent HIV transmission among young people, they still make up 45% of new transmissions worldwide. …

  12. La niñez y el VIH/SIDA en América Latina y el Caribe

    Número dedicado a niños y niñas con VIH/SIDA en América Latina y el Caribe. Descripción general de la situación de este grupo en la región, testimonios, estudio sobre mujeres embarazadas y transmisión vertical. Incluye a modo de ejemplo el caso de la respuesta al sida en la Amazonía peruana.

  13. A prevenção do desvio: o dispositivo da aids e a repatologização das sexualidades dissidentes

    Este artigo problematiza a visão contemporânea dominante sobre a sexualidade, seus proclamados riscos e formas desejadas, contrapondo a ela discursos contra-hegemônicos que surgiram desde a emergência da epidemia de HIV-aids, mas que foram silenciados ou ignorados em prol dos consensos que atendiam às demandas da saúde pública. Utilizamos discursos dissidentes sobre a doença para analisar dados etnográficos sobre travestis que se prostituem, seus clientes e também homens que se relacionam em segredo com outros homens. …

  14. Conflitos e sentimentos de mulheres portadoras de VIH/Aids: Um estudio bibliográfico

    Pesquisa bibliográfica que buscou identificar como os conflitos e sentimentos das mulheres portadoras de HIV/Aids sâ abordados na literatura nacional e os caminhos propostos para uma abordagem de cuidado integral. Os dados foram coletados em novembro de 2006, na base de dados LILACS, utilizando as palavras-chave: mulheres, sentimentos, HIV, Aids, sofrimento, depressâo, e medo como critero de inclussâo o fato de os estudos terem sido divulgados nos ultimos cinco anos. A mostra ficou constituída de catorze pesquisas (quatro tesses, duas dissertaçoês e oito artigos). …

  15. Crianças e adolescentes com HIV/Aids: revisão de estudos sobre revelação do diagnóstico, adesão e estigma

    O artigo discute os temas revelação do diagnóstico, adesão e estigma relativos a crianças e adolescentes infectados pelo Vírus da Imunodeficiência Humana (HIV). A revisão da literatura incluiu artigos nacionais e internacionais, publicados a partir do ano 2000, e foi realizada por meio de buscas eletrônicas em bases de dados. Foram selecionados vinte e um artigos, duas dissertações de mestrado e cinco publicações institucionais. Concluiu-se que a revelação do diagnóstico tende a ser postergada pelos cuidadores. …

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