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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. HIV Beyond Goal 3: Interconnections between HIV, human rights and sustainable development

    World leaders have committed to ending AIDS through a new framework for action: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, and the Sustainable Development Goals. Ending AIDS is now part of a broader health goal (SDG 3): Ensure healthy lives and promote wellbeing for all at all ages; however, the AIDS response must also focus on gender equality, human rights, economic empowerment and education. Interconnectivity actoss the SDGs is critical to the goal of ending AIDS. This paper outlines the interconnections between certain SDG targets, human rights laws and how HIV is linked to these. …

  2. The youth bulge and HIV

    In many sub-Saharan African countries, declines in child mortality combined with a slow decline in fertility have resulted in children and young adults comprising a large part of the overall population. This is known as the youth bulge. The youth bulge is not new. Younger generations have almost always been larger than the previous generation. However, before the twentieth century, high child mortality meant that a large proportion of children did not survive to adulthood. …

  3. Frequently asked questions about HIV and AIDS

    This booklet contains a list of frequently asked questions, and answers, about HIV and AIDS.

  4. 2016 high-level meeting on ending AIDS: fast-track to ending AIDS

    To end the AIDS epidemic by 2030 will require countries to take a Fast- Track approach over the next five years. To ensure that global efforts are accelerated in this short window, the President of the United Nations General Assembly is convening a High-Level Meeting on Ending AIDS from 8 to 10 June 2016 at the United Nations Headquarters in New York. At this meeting United Nations Member States will come together to draft a new Political Declaration on HIV and AIDS. …

  5. All In: #EndAdolescentAIDS

    All In! to #EndAdolescentAIDS is a platform for action and collaboration to inspire a social movement to drive better results with and for adolescents through critical changes in programmes and policy. It aims to unite actors across relevant sectors in order to accelerate reductions in AIDS-related deaths and new HIV infections among adolescents by 2020 as part of the global push to end the AIDS epidemic for all by 2030. …

  6. Local government responses to HIV/AIDS: a handbook. A Handbook to support local government authorities in addressing HIV/AIDS at the municipal level

    This handbook has been written for local government authorities (LGA) mayors, councilors, advisors and officials that are interested in developing or strengthening local responses to HIV/AIDS. It provides information, examples, and illustrative tools (surveys, checklists, modules, etc.) that guide users through the steps of recognizing and publicly acknowledging the importance of addressing HIV/AIDS, assessing the impact of HIV/AIDS on the locality, and identifying key stakeholders to initiate and coordinate a Local Government (LG) HIV/AIDS Response Strategy. …

  7. Life Doesn’t Wait. Romania’s Failure to Protect and Support Children and Youth Living with HIV

    More than 7,200 Romanian children and youth age fifteen to nineteen are living with HIV—the largest such group in any European country. The vast majority were infected with HIV between 1986 and 1991 as a direct result of government policies that exposed them to contaminated needles and “microtransfusions” of unscreened blood. Despite Romania’s progressive expansion of access to antiretroviral drugs, these children and youth face pervasive stigma and discrimination that often impedes their enjoyment of basic rights and services. …

  8. Silenced and forgotten: HIV and AIDS agenda setting paper for women living with HIV, sex workers and LGBT individuals in southern African and Indian Ocean states

    The impact of the HIV and AIDS epidemic is felt hardest by the individuals who are infected or affected by the disease, and in particular by individuals who are especially vulnerable to HIV infection due to stigma and discrimination, poverty, a lack of access to education, health and other services that promote HIV awareness. However, the impact of HIV and AIDS goes beyond the individual or household level – it affects nations as a whole. …

  9. Together we will end AIDS

    This report contains the latest data on numbers of new HIV infections, numbers of people receiving antiretroviral therapy, AIDS-related deaths and HIV among children. It highlights new scientific opportunities and social progress which are bringing the world closer to UNAIDS vision of zero new HIV infections, zero discrimination and zero AIDS-related deaths. This publication also gives an overview of international and domestic HIV investments and the need for greater value for money and sustainability.

  10. Letters from Egypt: HIV/AIDS, testimonials of stigma and discrimination

    Between your hands are the stories of several Egyptians who have suffered the stigma associated with living with HIV/AIDS. They are ordinary citizens who have lived among us, speaking about their emotional and psychological suffering - as if the infection was not sufficient agony in itself. Here we present people who have been exposed to daily to stigma and discrimination, be it by neighbors, friends, police officers, religious figures, or even doctors. They have become outcasts in their own society because of the prevailing stereotypes about people living with the virus. …

  11. An action guide for gender equality in national HIV plans: catalyzing change through evidence-based advocacy

    A growing body of evidence links HIV risk with women's social and economic inequality, male norms that drive sexual risk, and the social marginalization of individuals whose sexual identity or behavior is perceived to fall outside accepted norms. In recognition of this, many international donor agencies are funding programs that aim to reduce gender inequality as a driver of the epidemic. HIV service providers are already responding with innovative and often courageous strategies for overcoming gender-based drivers of the epidemic. But more is needed at the national level. …

  12. Advocacy and communication strategies to support the national strategic plan for comprehensive and multisectoral response to HIV/AIDS 2006-2010 (NSP II)

    The main platform for HIV/AIDS work in the coming years is the National Strategic Plan For Comprehensive and Multisectoral Response to HIV/AIDS 2006-2010 (NSP II). The approach outlined in NSP II includes seven strategies (Prevention; Comprehensive care and support; Impact mitigation; Effective leadership; Supportive legal and public policy environment; Increased information for policy makers and programme planners through monitoring, evaluation and research; Increased, sustainable and equitably allocated resources). …

  13. The 'AIDS and MDGs' approach: what is it, why does it matter and how do we take it forward?

    This paper outlines three important pillars of an AIDS and MDGs approach: 1. Understanding how AIDS and the other MDGs impact on one another; 2. Documenting and exchanging lessons learned across AIDS and other MDGs; and 3. Creating cross-MDG synergy and increasing cost-effectiveness through intervention strategies that simultaneously address AIDS together with other MDGs. The paper proposes broader policy level implications to move the AIDS and MDGs approach forward. These recommendations include: 1. Map the HIV epidemic in relation to the broader MDG and development context. 2. …

  14. Investing in youth for national development

    Despite the commitment of many policymakers and advocates to addressing the ever-increasing sexual and reproductive health needs of youth, calls for appropriate programs, services, and funding have gone largely unanswered. Youth around the world remain at high risk of unplanned pregnancy, HIV/AIDS, and sexually transmitted infections, even though many small-scale programs are ready for scale up and would help youth achieve their potential and help nations achieve their development goals. …

  15. Direitos Humanos e HIV/AIDS: Avanços e perspectivas para o enfrentamento da epidemia no Brasil

    Não é possível dissociar direitos humanos do enfrentamento das DST/HIV/aids. O processo de reconhecimento do direito ao acesso universal a prevenção, diagnóstico e tratamento constitui importante bandeira de direitos humanos desde o inicio da epidemia. Afirmar a dignidade do ser humano é o que traz sentido para, por exemplo, a discussão sobre a função social da propriedade intelectual frente o direito à saúde. Além da disponibilização de preservativos e medicamentos anti-retrovirais, trata-se de uma luta constante contra as desigualdades sociais. …

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