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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. The effects of school-based condom availability programs (CAPs) on condom acquisition, use and sexual behavior: a systematic review

    We conducted a systematic review to assess the impact of school-based condom availability programs (CAPs) on condom acquisition, use and sexual behavior. We searched PubMed to identify English-language studies evaluating school-based CAPs that reported process (i.e. number of condoms distributed or used) and sexual behavior measures. We identified nine studies that met our inclusion criteria, with the majority conducted in the United States of America. We judged most studies to have medium risk of bias. …

  2. Physical health and well-being in children and youth

    This paper provides an overview of trends in physical health outcomes of young people over the last several decades. It makes the argument for the importance of physical health and well-being for the individual and society, including its role in education outcomes. The paper then examines interventions, identifying common factors of effective intervention design to improve physical health among young people. It ends with a discussion of remaining gaps in our knowledge and the implications of this body of research on education, communities and families.

  3. Qualité de vie à l’école : comment l’école peut-elle proposer un cadre de vie favorable à la réussite et au bien-être des élèves ?

    Le concept de la qualité de vie s’est beaucoup développé depuis les trois dernières décennies. Les systèmes éducatifs ont progressivement pris en compte des objectifs plus larges que les résultats scolaires, en intégrant l’épanouissement personnel afin d’aider l’élève à se réaliser scolairement et plus tard dans sa vie, et à devenir un citoyen accompli. De nombreuses recherches internationales ont été réalisées sur cette thématique. Mais deux domaines de la qualité de vie à l’école restaient encore peu explorés en France : la restauration et l’architecture scolaires. …

  4. A systematic review of the role of school-based healthcare in adolescent sexual, reproductive, and mental health

    Background: Accessible sexual, reproductive, and mental healthcare services are crucial for adolescent health and wellbeing. It has been reported that school-based healthcare (SBHC) has the potential to improve the availability of services particularly for young people who are normally underserved. Locating health services in schools has the potential to reduce transport costs, increase accessibility and provide links between schools and communities. Methods: A systematic review of the literature was undertaken. …

  5. Éducation à la santé : vers une démocratie sanitaire

    En tant que lieu social de vie et d’apprentissage, l’École semble être le terrain privilégié pour promouvoir auprès des élèves l’importance d’adopter des comportements « sains », d’encourager le développement équilibré de leur personnalité, de leurs aptitudes physiques et de favoriser des comportements propices à une bonne santé. …

  6. How school meals contribute to the sustainable development goals: a collection of evidence

    School meals have multiple benefits and there is hard evidence that supports this claim. However, due to the multi-faceted nature of school meals, it is difficult to obtain a complete overview of the evidence. This paper attempts to give such an overview. It collects existing, independent evidence of the benefits and impacts of school meals and uses the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) as thematic areas to organize the evidence. The paper also gives an indication of the specific targets to which school meals can contribute. …

  7. Bien-être des élèves à l’école et promotion de leur santé. synthèse de la littérature internationale pour le Conseil National d’Évaluation du Système Scolaire (CNESCO)

    L’état de santé des élèves est une composante majeure de leur bien-être. A ce titre, il est nécessaire de développer chez les jeunes les connaissances et comportements favorables à leur santé. Or, l’école est le lieu le plus favorable à cela : d’une part, l’élève y passe plus d’un tiers de son temps éveillé ; d’autre part, elle est le lieu le plus indiqué pour une acquisition égalitaire des connaissances et comportements favorables à la santé, en s’adressant aux élèves issus de différents milieux familiaux et socio-économiques. …

  8. Health barriers to learning: the prevalence and educational consequences in disadvantaged children: a review of the literature

    This report describes the Health Barriers to Learning and the supporting evidence base for their impact on academic success. It also describes the disproportionate prevalence of HBLs in disadvantaged children, the extent of unmet need for services for identification, management and treatment, and each HBL’s impact on learning. Screening and management for each of these should be essential to supporting school and learning readiness. …

  9. Helpdesk report: school feeding

    School feeding has led to measurable gains in education and health outcomes, as evidenced widely in the literature. There are a few evaluations showing little or no improvement in education and health outcomes. This may be less widely reported or highlighted. Recording of economic benefits has received little attention. A Cochrane review by Kristjansson et al. (2007) investigated the effects of school feeding on health for disadvantaged children. It concluded that there were some small benefits. Jomaa et al. …

  10. Sensitive to nutrition? A literature review of school feeding effects in the child development lifecycle

    The purpose of this paper is to provide an up-to-date literature review on school feeding and the potential impact on nutrition, including school age children, pre-school and adolescent girls. The review is aimed at providing evidence-based guidance to national governments on school feeding and nutrition from a lifecycle approach. The review seeks to consolidate the existing evidence, analyse what this evidence translates into in terms of programming, and understand the potential of improving nutrition through school feeding programmes globally. …

  11. The association between school-based physical activity, including physical education, and academic performance

    There is a growing body of research focused on the association between school-based physical activity, including physical education, and academic performance among school-aged youth. To better understand these connections, this review includes studies from a range of physical activity contexts, including school-based physical education, recess, classroom-based physical activity (outside of physical education and recess), and extracurricular physical activity. …

  12. South Africa’s response to orphans and vulnerable children: A literature review

    This literature review sought to understand how the South African Education Department and its stakeholders have responded to the plight of OVC.

  13. Situation analysis. A summary of school health in India and in four states: Andhra Pradesh, Delhi, Gujarat and Tamil Nadu

    This rapid situation analysis examines the national and selected States’ pictures of SHN and was conducted taking the internationally agreed pillars of FRESH into consideration and using mixed methods of literature review, secondary data analysis, and primary qualitative data analysis from key informant interviews with both national and State-level SHN practitioners and policymakers. …

  14. Are the health messages in schoolbooks based on scientific evidence? A descriptive study

    Background: Most textbooks contains messages relating to health. This profuse information requires analysis with regards to the quality of such information. The objective was to identify the scientific evidence on which the health messages in textbooks are based. Methods: The degree of evidence on which such messages are based was identified and the messages were subsequently classified into three categories: Messages with high, medium or low levels of evidence; Messages with an unknown level of evidence; and Messages with no known evidence. Results: 844 messages were studied. …

  15. School feeding programs and development: are we framing the question correctly

    School feeding programs are politically popular interventions. They are, nevertheless, difficult to assess in terms of effectiveness since their impact is partially on education and partially on school health. They are, additionally, a means to augment consumption by vulnerable populations. …

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