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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Health + Equality + School Engagement: Scenarios USA reinvents sex education

    This issue of Quality/Calidad/Qualité highlights the experience of Scenarios USA, an innovative nonprofit program that has integrated a gender and rights perspective—and a critical thinking approach—into curricula, while fostering new pedagogies and greater awareness among teachers. Scenarios USA approaches sexual health not as a standalone issue but as intertwined with young people’s overall lives and agency. …

  2. Evaluation of the implementation of the Ministerial Declaration preventing through education from commitment to action; advances in Latin America and the Caribbean

    Since 2010, IPPF/WHR has published an evaluation of progress towards achieving the Ministerial Declaration (MD). The evaluation tool, developed by IPPF/WHR and Demysex in consultation with experts in the field, uses the MD commitments as a benchmark to analyze progress towards ensuring youth sexual and reproductive health and rights. …

  3. Sex and HIV education programs: Their impact on sexual behaviors of young people throughout the world

    This paper reviews 83 studies that measure the impact of curriculum-based sex and HIV education programs on sexual behavior and mediating factors among youth under 25 years anywhere in the world. Two thirds of the programs significantly improved one or more sexual behaviors. The evidence is strong that programs do not hasten or increase sexual behavior but, instead, some programs delay or decrease sexual behaviors or increase condom or contraceptive use. …

  4. The Human Right to Information on Sexual and Reproductive Health: Government Duties to Ensure Comprehensive Sexuality Education

    The CEDAW Committee, the Committee on the Rights of the Child, the Human Rights Committee, and the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights have commented on the right to sexuality education and have generally framed it in the context of ensuring the right to health. All four have criticized states parties for not ensuring access to sexuality education. …

  5. Sexuality education: a ten-country review of school curricula in East and Southern Africa

    This collaborative regional curriculum scan, which was conducted in 2011, seeks to assess the content, quality, and delivery methods of sexuality education curricula in ten ESA countries and aims to ensure that the reviews help countries to develop curricula designed to not only increase comprehensive knowledge among young people, but to empower them to adopt protective behaviours, such as refusing unwanted sex, delaying sex, using condoms and testing for HIV. The ten countries included are Botswana, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe.

  6. The World Starts With Me: using intervention mapping for the systematic adaptation and transfer of schoolbased sexuality education from Uganda to Indonesia

    Evidence-based health promotion programmes, including HIV/AIDS prevention and sexuality education programmes, are often transferred to other cultures, priority groups and implementation settings. Challenges in this process include the identification of retaining core elements that relate to the programme’s effectiveness while making changes that enhances acceptance in the new context and for the new priority group. This paper describes the use of a systematic approach to programme adaptation using a case study as an example. …

  7. Long-Term Biological and Behavioural Impact of an Adolescent Sexual Health Intervention in Tanzania: Follow-up Survey of the Community-Based MEMA kwa Vijana Trial

    The ability of specific behaviour-change interventions to reduce HIV infection in young people remains questionable. Since January 1999, an adolescent sexual and reproductive health (SRH) intervention has been implemented in ten randomly chosen intervention communities in rural Tanzania, within a community randomised trial (see below; NCT00248469). The intervention consisted of teacher-led, peer-assisted in-school education, youth-friendly health services, community activities, and youth condom promotion and distribution. …

  8. Sexuality education and the prevention of sexual violence

    This document is a chapter of "Protecting children from sexual violence - A comprehensive approach", published as part of the Council of Europe campaign to stop sexual violence against children. The publication aims at inspiring judges, the police, educators, governments, the media and legislatures to join the campaign and expose, demythify and take concerted action to combat sexual violence against children, a phenomenon that affects as many as 20% of children in Europe. Publication "Protecting children from sexual violence - A comprehensive approach". …

  9. Empowering teachers to change youth practices: evaluating teacher delivery and responses to the FLHE Programme in Edo State, Nigeria

    School-based programming is one of the most common approaches to HIV/AIDS prevention among youth. This paper presents the history and development of the Family Life and HIV Education (FLHE) programme in Edo State, Nigeria and results of evaluation of teacher actions and responses to training in its delivery. Results indicate that teachers benefited from the training, were aware of new and/or existing teaching resources and began to teach about HIV/AIDS. Teachers expressed that the programme facilitated open dialogue about HIV/AIDS. …

  10. Learning about living Nigeria project final report. Final evaluation

    The Learning about Living (LaL) Nigeria project was initially piloted in Lagos and Cross River States, and the Federal Capital Territory Abuja, from 2007 to 2009 and coordinated by OneWorld UK (OWUK). The project involves the development and implementation of an e-learning system based on the Nigerian Family Life and HIV/AIDS Education (FLHE) curriculum. An associated mobile component comprising a Question and Answer service (Q&A) and a competetion to further engage young people. …

  11. Key findings: young people's survey on sex and relationships education

    This briefing is a summary of the key findings of an online survey designed to find out from 16- to 25-year-olds what their experience of sex and relationships education (SRE) was at school, what topics they were taught and what made their SRE particularly good or bad. In total 1,709 self-selected young people responded to the survey.

  12. Documentation of advocacy work on comprehensive sexuality education in Nepal

    The goal of the project was to ensure the integration and implementation of comprehensive, gender-sensitive and rights-based sexuality education through the national curricula (primary and secondary) in Nepal. The project focused on the creation of sustainable advocacy networks with stakeholders to promote comprehensive sexuality education (CSE) and undertake a national advocacy campaign. It worked with key stakeholders to adopt a broad based sexuality education curriculum and build skills to ensure its effective implementation. …

  13. A review of the revised sexuality education curriculum in India

    A review of the revised Adolescence Education Programme module developed by the National AIDS Control Organisation (NACO) and the Ministry of Human Resources and Development.

  14. Promoting adolescent sexual and reproductive health through schools in low income countries: an information brief

    This Information Brief was developed by WHO's Department of Child and Adolescent Health and Development to support staff of the Organization and other UN agencies working at global, regional and national levels in promoting the uptake of effective interventions to improve the sexual and reproductive health of adolescents through schools in low-income countries. The premise of the Brief is that school-based sexual and reproductive health education is one of the most important and widespread ways to help adolescents to recognize and avert risks and improve their reproductive health. …

  15. HFLE in Caribbean schools: New approaches, prospects and challenges

    This report consists of a presentation of health and family life education (HFLE) policies and programmes in Carribean. The process of upscaling HFLE across the Caribbean has been a complicated one, utilizing diverse resources and requiring significant dialogue, networking and cooperation between numerous stakeholders. …

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