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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Sex and HIV education

    Most states today have a policy requiring HIV education, usually in conjunction with broader sex education. Meanwhile, as debate over the relative merits of abstinence-only-until marriage versus more comprehensive approaches has intensified, states have enacted a number of specific content requirements. This brief summarizes state-level sex and HIV education policies, as well as specific content requirements, based on a review of state laws, regulations and other legally binding policies.

  2. Lessons learned from a decade implementing comprehensive sexuality education in resource poor settings: The World Starts With Me

    Today, more than half of the world population is under the age of 25 years and one in four is under age 18. The urgency of expanding access to Comprehensive Sexuality Education (CSE) notably for children and young people in Africa and Asia is greater than ever before. However, many challenges to the implementation and delivery of CSE in resource poor settings have been identified in the literature. CSE’s effectiveness could be strongly improved if these challenges were better met. …

  3. Can sexuality education advance gender equality and strengthen education overall? Learning from Nigeria’s family life and HIV education program

    The imperative to prepare the largest generation of young people in history for adulthood has driven a search for fresh approaches to educating adolescents about their bodies and sexuality. Recently, there have been calls among health experts and educators for a comprehensive, integrated approach to sexuality education that addresses not only health issues such as HIV and pregnancy, but also helps to achieve broader outcomes such as ensuring gender equality, increasing access to education for girls, and improving the quality of education overall. …

  4. Policies for sexuality education in the European Union: note

    The note evaluates the state of play of the provision of sexuality education in the context of schooling and in the context of family planning facilities in 24 European Union Member States. The note compares the situation in the Member States and gives an overview of the points of reflection in relation to sexual and reproductive health and rights.

  5. Sexuality education - what is it?

    This policy brief developed by the European Expert Group on Sexuality Education provides an overview of key issues in sexuality education. It focuses primarily on sexuality education in Europe and Central Asia but is also relevant to countries outside of these regions.

  6. Exploring new territories. Dialogues from a consultative meeting on comprehensive sexuality education

    While IPPF’s ‘Framework for Comprehensive Sexuality Education’ sets out clearly our rights-based, gender-sensitive and sex-positive approach, along with the content of comprehensive sexuality education, the specific methodologies to deliver and measure effectiveness are not well defined. This report aims to pull together IPPF’s current thinking on these new territories.

  7. Inside and out: a comprehensive sexuality education (CSE) assessment tool

    The purpose of the Inside and Out assessment tool is: To review and assess the comprehensiveness and quality of sexuality education programmes both inside and outside school setting (especially programmes run by civil society) based on international evidence and standards of good practice; To generate data that can inform and guide the development, improvement or reform of sexuality education programmes; To assess the relevance of sexuality education programmes in relation to national health, demographic and other social criteria (notably gender); To inform debate and advocacy by generating da …

  8. Documenting and learning from experiences of comprehensive sexuality education: report on a convening

    New evidence demonstrates an important step in the pursuit of transformational change with regards to Comprehensive Sexuality Education (CSE), worldwide. A Population Council study revealed that the inclusion of gender and power in a CSE curriculum are the two most important factors in predicting its success for improving health outcomes. Innovative, feminist-friendly approaches to monitoring and evaluating CSE programs are important tools for organizations as we continue building on established research and achieving future success with regards to CSE. …

  9. Comprehensive sexuality education: what we know

    Comprehensive sexuality education (CSE) empowers young people, protects human rights, and addresses gender norms and gender equality. This kind of empowerment approach—which enables girls and other marginalized young people to see themselves as equals and to protect their own health—is gaining traction in some countries. CSE that incorporates gender, power, and rights is more likely to reduce rates of sexually transmitted infections and unintended pregnancy. …

  10. Comprehensive sexuality education in teacher training in Eastern and Southern Africa

    This report is a consolidated summary and analysis of the status of comprehensive sexuality education for teacher training in 21 countries in the East and Southern Africa region.

  11. The efficacy of HIV and sex education interventions among youths in developing countries: a review

    Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) among youths represent an important public health challenge in developing countries. The incidence of HIV peaked in the 1990’s and saw a decline from 2005. What was done to prompt the decline? To answer this question selecting studies between 1990 and 2005 was appropriate to assess whether the drop in HIV incidence in developing countries was as a result of education interventions. …

  12. Heads or tails? What young people are telling us about SRE

    The Sex Education Forum ran an online survey for 6 weeks, from 2 November 2015 to 10 December 2015. The aim was to find out if young people have learnt about their body, sexual development and consent at school and whether or not their school SRE met their needs in this area. Questions were also included about discussions young people may have had at home.

  13. Scaling up sexuality education in Senegal: integrating family life education into the national curriculum

    In Senegal, school-based sexuality education has evolved over 20 years from family life education (FLE) pilot projects into cross-curricular subjects located within the national curriculum of primary and secondary schools. We conducted a literature review and semi-structured interviews to gather information regarding the scale and nature of FLE scale-up. Data were analysed using the ExpandNet/WHO framework, conceptualising scale-up from a systems perspective as composed of interrelated elements and strategic choices. …

  14. Providing young people with sexual reproductive health services: a guide for health service providers [Engaging Communities in Comprehensive Sexuality Education]

    This guide forms part of a toolkit on 'Engaging Communities in Comprehensive Sexuality Education'. It lists common communication barriers which prevent service providers from providing sexual and reproductive health services to young people as well as suggestions to help service providers overcome those barriers and support young people effectively.

  15. Why? Who? Where? What? And How? to talk to parents and guardians about sexual and reproductive health [Engaging Communities in Comprehensive Sexuality Education]

    This guide forms part of a toolkit on "Engaging Communities in Comprehensive Sexuality Education'. It provides advice to children on how to talk to their parents about issues relating to sex and sexuality.

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