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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Terminología relacionada con el VIH: actualización 2006 de la OPS

    Recomendaciones de la Organización Panamericana de la Salud respecto a la terminología a utilizar en relación al VIH/Sida, a fin de evitar utilizar un lenguaje condescendiente, ofensivo o discriminatorio. Además entrega sugerencias para la manera de presentar visualmente a personas que viven con VIH y otras observacioens específicas.

  2. Positive Voices: Religious leaders living with or personally affected by HIV and AIDS

    This booklet brings together the experiences of 14 African religious leaders - 12 Christians and two Muslims - who are either living with HIV or are personally affected by HIV and AIDS. The contents of this booklet are a source of inspirational experiences which individual readers can use for personal information, or to refer to in presentations, articles, sermons, interviews or workshops.

  3. Individual- and community-level determinants of social acceptance of people living with HIV in Kenya: results from a national population-based survey

    Using data from the 2003 Kenya Demographic and Health Survey, we investigated the influence of individual- and community-level factors on accepting attitudes toward people living with HIV (PHLIV) using three outcomes: willingness to care for an infected household member, willingness to buy vegetables from an infected vendor, and willingness to allow an infected female teacher to continue teaching. Multilevel logistic regression models, with individuals at the first level and community variables at the second level, were performed. …

  4. Salud, VIH-sida y sexualidad trans: Atención de la salud de personas travestis y transexuales. Estudio de seroprevalencia de VIH en personas trans

    Documento sobre atención de salud de personas travestis y transexuales (nacidas con sexo masculino) en Argentina.áLa primera parte de esta publicación y consta de cinco artículos. El primero es "Nociones generales sobre sexualidad", en el que se presentan algunos conceptos básicos que, entendemos, permiten salir de una lectura "natural" de la sexualidad para poder pensarla como un hecho social y cultural. Entender la complejidad de cómo nos formamos como hombres o mujeres permite entender mejor por qué también podemos ser trans. …

  5. En Paraguay no adoptan niños con VIH y sida

    Artículo de prensa sobre la discriminación que sufren en Paraguay los niños que viven con VIH. Entrevista a Mirta Ruiz Díaz, coordinadora general de la Fundación Vencer Paraguay, quien describe la situación de los niños que viven con VIH en Paraguay y también la situación general de la epidemia a nivel nacional.

  6. Constitución de vanguardia

    Artículo con una breve descripción de la nueva Constitución ecuatoriana aprobada en 2008. Entre otros elementos, reconoce la unión civil entre dos personas sin importar su sexo, sanciona la discriminación por orientación sexual, expresión de género y de personas que viven con VIH.

  7. Aportes para la Concientización en Prácticas No Discriminatorias en vih y sida

    Documento informativo cuyo objetivo es combatir el estigma y la discriminación con personas que viven con VIH, grupos vulnerables y otras poblaciones tradicionalmente segregadas. Incluye indicaciones para evitar un uso discriminatorio del lenguaje e información básica sobre el VIH/SIDA y su prevención.

  8. Crianças e adolescentes com HIV/Aids: revisão de estudos sobre revelação do diagnóstico, adesão e estigma

    O artigo discute os temas revelação do diagnóstico, adesão e estigma relativos a crianças e adolescentes infectados pelo Vírus da Imunodeficiência Humana (HIV). A revisão da literatura incluiu artigos nacionais e internacionais, publicados a partir do ano 2000, e foi realizada por meio de buscas eletrônicas em bases de dados. Foram selecionados vinte e um artigos, duas dissertações de mestrado e cinco publicações institucionais. Concluiu-se que a revelação do diagnóstico tende a ser postergada pelos cuidadores. …

  9. Do you know how it is to live in the shadow? report on the state of human rights of people living with HIV/AIDS and most at risk groups

    This report is structured in several chapters which approach the issue of human rights and people living with HIV/AIDS in Croatia. The introductory chapters are followed by several texts on most at risk groups included in this project. These include overviews on men who have sex with men; injecting drug users; women and HIV; and young people. The problems met by the members of these groups regarding HIV/AIDS, as well as their position in the Republic of Croatia are explained in detail in the texts. …

  10. Informe del Equipo Internacional de Trabajo sobre Restricciones para Viajar relacionadas con el VIH

    Descripción general y análisis crítico de restricciones que algunos países adoptan respecto a personas que viven con VIH o son sospechosas de ello. Este estudio fue realizado por un equipo de trabajo convocado por ONUSIDA.

  11. Reducing HIV stigma and discrimination: a critical part of national AIDS programmes

    Despite the pervasiveness of HIV-related stigma and discrimination in national HIV epidemics and their harmful impact in terms of public health and human rights, they remain seriously neglected issues in most national responses to HIV. National AIDS programmes - together with key partners - can take concrete steps to address these critical obstacles and help pave the way towards universal access to prevention, treatment, care and support. …

  12. HIV-related stigma and discrimination: a summary of recent literature

    UNAIDS commissioned, in July 2009, International Center for Research on Women (ICRW) to conduct a review of empirical literature published since 2005 on HIV-related stigma and discrimination. The purpose of the work was to collate recent data and evidence related to the prevalence of HIV-related stigma and discrimination; the relationship between stigma and HIV prevention, treatment, care and support; and results of evaluations of programmes to reduce stigma and discrimination. …

  13. Siyam'kela: Measuring HIV/AIDS-related stigma, A literature review

    Stigma has been identified as a complex, diverse and deeply rooted phenomenon that is dynamic in different cultural settings. As a collective social process rather than a mere reflection of an individual's subjective behaviour, it operates by producing and reproducing social structures of power, hierarchy, class and exclusion and by transforming difference (class, race, ethnicity, health status, sexual orientation and gender) into inequality. This document is a literature review about stigma in every sense of the word.

  14. Siyam'kela: Measuring HIV/AIDS related stigma. Examining HIV/AIDS stigma in selected South African media: January - March 2003. A summary

    The aim of the media scan - which is the focus of this report - is to provide a context for the Siyam'kela fieldwork, so that the reader has a snapshot view of how HIV/AIDS was portrayed in the popular television, radio and print media in South Africa at the time that the field research was undertaken. This report provides an executive summary of the process and findings of the media scan conducted between January and March 2003.

  15. Siyam'kela measuring HIV/AIDS related stigma. Tackling HIV/AIDS stigma: Guidelines for faith-based organisations

    The purpose of these guidelines is: to share the findings of the Siyam'kela study in a user-friendly way; to increase responsiveness amongst faith leaders and opinion leaders regarding the importance of creating accepting environments to reduce HIV/AIDS stigma; to provide recommendations on how to develop an HIV/AIDS-supportive environment.

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