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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Adaptation in practice: lessons from teenage pregnancy programmes in Sierra Leone

    Sierra Leone has one of the highest rates of teenage pregnancy in the world. Several recent research studies have generated evidence as to why. Drivers of this problem include lack of information, knowledge and skills among girls, their sexual partners and their families; weak institutions and services, such as health, education, social work and justice; poverty and girls’ limited access to assets; widespread sexual violence and exploitation, for which there is both social and legal impunity; and engrained social and gender norms that make girls vulnerable to early sex and pregnancy. …

  2. Menstrual health and school absenteeism among adolescent girls in Uganda (MENISCUS): A feasibility study

    Management of menstruation can present substantial challenges to girls in low-income settings. In preparation for a menstrual hygiene intervention to reduce school absenteeism in Uganda, this study aimed to investigate menstruation management practices, barriers and facilitators, and the influence of menstruation on school absenteeism among secondary school students in a peri-urban district of Uganda. …

  3. Quality guidelines for antibullying policies in Europe: A review and recommendations

    This document offers a needs analysis of the opportunities in Europe to integrate quality criteria for antibullying policies in secondary schools and in quality frameworks for the education sector. This analysis was done in the context of the ABC-project (Anti-Bullying Certification, 2018-2020).

  4. Reducing transmission of pandemic (H1N1) 2009 in school settings: A framework for national and local planning and response

    Experience with pandemic (H1N1) 2009 in many countries has demonstrated the importance in some communities of schools in amplifying transmission of the pandemic virus – both within schools and the wider community. Transmission of epidemic seasonal influenza in school settings is well documented and can be explosive and fast moving, affecting a sizeable proportion of students and staff. Infection within schools is of considerable concern to parents as well as decision makers. A variety of options for reducing infection within schools are available and discussed in this document. …

  5. National sex education standards: core content and skills, K–12

    the National Sex Education Standards aim to: Outline, based on research and extensive professional expertise, the minimum, essential, core content and skills for sex education K–12 given student needs; Provide guidance for schools when designing and delivering sex education K–12 that is planned, sequential, and part of a comprehensive school health education approach; Provide a clear rationale for teaching sex education content and skills at different grade levels that is evidence-informed, age-appropriate, and theory-driven; Support schools in improving academic performance by addressing a c …

  6. National hand hygiene behaviour change strategy 2016-2020

    According to WHO 2012 estimates, Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) was responsible for 842 000 annual deaths from diarrhoea and 15% of the Global Burden of Disease in Disability- Adjusted Life Years (DALYs). In South Africa, diarrhoea and respiratory infections are a major public health problem, and are amongst the top causes of death in children. Respiratory and diarrhoeal infections are ranked the 2nd and 3rd leading causes of death amongst the under-5 population, and the 3rd and 4th biggest killers in children between ages 5-14 years. …

  7. Gaps in global monitoring and evaluation of adolescent and youth reproductive health: Research Brief

    Adolescents and youth are a key population for reproductive health (RH) interventions, because young people suffer disproportionately from negative RH outcomes, including acquisition of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections; unintended, unwanted, or mistimed pregnancy; unsafe abortion; and gender-based violence. Effective monitoring and evaluation (M&E) of RH interventions designed for adolescents and youth is essential to determine their success and impact and show where improvement is needed. …

  8. Implementing a whole-school relationships and sex education intervention to prevent dating and relationship violence: evidence from a pilot trial in English secondary schools

    Adolescent dating and relationship violence is associated with health harms and is an important topic for sex education. School-based interventions addressing this have been effective in the USA, but schools in England confront pressures that might hinder implementation. We assessed the feasibility of, and contextual enablers / barriers to implementing Project Respect, a whole-school intervention.We conducted a pilot trial with process evaluation in six English secondary schools. …

  9. Programmatic guidance for sexual and reproductive health in humanitarian and fragile settings during COVID-19 pandemic

    This document provides programmatic guidance to help maintain essential preventative, promotive, and curative sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services in fragile and humanitarian settings during the COVID-19 epidemic threat and outbreak period; including general guidance, the continuation of sexual and reproductive health services, information and communication, and infection prevention and control.

  10. Helping children cope with stress during the 2019-nCoV outbreak

    Helping children cope with stress during the 2019-nCoV outbreak

  11. The impact of sex education mandates on teenage pregnancy: International evidence

    To date most studies of the impact of school-based sex education have focused either on specific, local interventions or experiences at a national level. In this paper, we use a new cross-country dataset to explore the extent to which laws on sex education affect teenage pregnancy rates in developed countries. We find some evidence that laws mandating sex education in schools are associated with higher rates of teenage fertility. Parental opt out laws may minimise adverse effects of sex education mandates for younger teens. …

  12. New directions for assessing menstrual hygiene management (MHM) in schools: A bottom-up approach to measuring program success

    This dispatch aims to share lessons learned from the process of developing instruments to measure school participation, stress, and self-efficacy – outcomes that qualitatively link to girls’ experiences managing menstruation in school.

  13. Guidelines on prevention of communicable diseases in schools / kindergartens / kindergartens-cum-child care centres / child care centres

    Effective prevention of communicable diseases in schools/centres not only safeguard the health of children and staff by minimising the harm caused by the diseases, but also ensure a delightful learning environment to support the healthy development of children. It is incumbent on every school/centre staff to learn how to prevent communicable diseases. We intend to provide some practical information on infection prevention measures in this set of guidelines for those working in schools/centres. …

  14. A chance for every schoolchild: Partnering to scale up school health and nutrition for human capital

    Healthy and well-nourished schoolchildren learn better. Healthy children also have better chances to thrive and fulfil their potential as adults. Ensuring that girls and boys stay in school and are able and ready to learn allows countries to develop their human capital and individuals to achieve their full potential in life. It strengthens community cohesion, stability and productivity, and helps make people and societies more resilient in a rapidly changing world. This strategy presents a broad call to action and vision and a focused operational approach. …

  15. Abriendo puertas: Guia de recursos LGTBI ante COVID-19

    La crisis desatada por la pandemia del COVID-19 y las consecuencias del confinamiento y las regulaciones en el marco del estado de alarma han acarreado cierta confusión, falta de información y problemas personales y sociales que se están viendo agravados por la confluencia de diversas situaciones que producen riesgo o situaciones de exclusión. El estigma y la desigualdad que sufren las personas LGTBI se suma a toda la problemática que está produciendo esta crisis y aumenta el riesgo de exclusión y discriminación en algunos colectivos. …

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