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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Quick notes: HIV/AIDS Series: Mother to child Transmission

    Mother to child transmission is defined at HIV infection transmitted from mother to child during pregnancy, delivery, or breastfeeding. Mother to child transmission presents a number of dilemmas for issue of prevention and treatment: Health progress made through breastfeeding promotion is now eroded in trying to reduce the risk of HIV transmission through breast milk; Drug trials for AZT and Nevirapine highlight the ethics of preventing transmission to child in countries where drug access is not available to mother. …

  2. Using peer promoters in reproductive health programs for youth

    Outlines benefits of using peers in reproductive health programmes for youth, Uses case studies as evidence to highlight: Advantages of using peer educators; Criteria for selecting peer educators; Success of peer education both to target group and peer educator themselves; Lessons learned from using peer education; Cost effectiveness of peer education. Offers and excellent bibliography of programmes that have evaluated their peer education components.

  3. Mainstreaming the Policy and Programming Response to the HIV Epidemic

    Cohen argues for a more complex understanding of the epidemic than the current thoughts. He believes that mainstreaming requires: A more complex understanding; A capacity for improved design of programmes and projects through new process which are social inclusive; Participatory systems for programme implementation. Cohen begins by cautioning against allowing mainstreaming to become substitute for "forgetting" encouraging us to look at the lessons learned when policy mainstreamed gender. …

  4. Responding to the socio-economic impact of the HIV epidemic in Sub-Saharan Africa: why a systems approach is needed

    In this UNDP issue paper, Cohen highlights a concern that despite recognizing that HIV is underlying development progress of the last decade, current policy and programmes are still created without factoring in the HIV epidemic. He believes that part of the problem is that development problem-solving is still inherently focused on prediction - documenting the fact that progress will be eroded with HIV. …

  5. USAID's response to the impact of HIV/AIDS on the education sector in Africa

    This a two paged paper that outlines USAID's efforts in the education sector to mitigate the impact of HIV/AIDS. Specifically, it outlines USAID's approach called Education Sector Support (ESS) comprised of three components: classroom based- focused on quality and quantity of student learning; systemic- promotes African led national plans of educational system reform and; sustainable - improves policy analysis, build capacity to manage change and increase expenditure in education. USAID stresses the application of ESS to all levels involved in education from ministry to community. …

  6. Conspiracy of silence? Stamping out abuse in African Schools

    This article promotes the need to urgently look at the scope of sexual abuse occurring in schools and its significant repercussions. Emphasizes need for standard procedures governing how schools address allegations and treat survivors of this violence. Summarizes research in SSA that looks at role of school culture and society in defining gender identities, the centrality of violence in adolescent sexual relationships and in schools and the contradicting messages of empowerment in schools health curricula against the behaviours with the school itself.

  7. Prevention: Lessons learned about school based approaches to reducing HIV/AIDS related risk

    Provides an overview of lessons learned for school based approaches to reducing HIV/AIDS related risk. Centres on youth-centred, integrated approach that includes sound monitoring and evaluation. Quality of Learner: Begin programmes by understanding what is known about HIV/AIDS and focus on understanding relevant risks to the population. Quality of Content: Using social learning theories to guide programme development will increase both positive individual health promoting behaviours as well as changing and supporting positive group social norms. …

  8. Improving youth livelihoods in sub-Saharan Africa. A review of policies and programmes with particular reference to the link between sexual behaviour and economic well being

    This document provides comprehensive in-depth examination of the many facts involved in improving the lot of youth. In particular, the focus should be more integrated and include both reproductive health and economic improvements.

  9. EC Toolkit on Assessing HIV/AIDS

    This toolkit is designed to assist staff of the Commission of the European Communities in considering the implications of the HIV epidemic in their provision of development assistance. Policy makers and programmers might also benefit from using the toolkit; however, in its present version it would require more direction from the authors to be fully beneficial.

  10. Dangerous game of love? Challenging male machismo

    This paper examines data for 30 Xhosa youth aged 16 to 24 from township schools in South Africa. Major findings focus on the pervasive nature of violence for young people today: beating is the normative response in their homes, at schools and in their relationships. Masculinity is defined by th number of sex partners, choice of main partner and ability to control girlfriends. Feminity is based on girls desirability to the opposite sex. Concludes with suggestions for policy changes, emphasizing the need for government to promote accountability for its behaviour.

  11. USAID Ghana Strategic Plan for the Education Sector

    This paper summarizes the main points of the strategic plan for the education sector in Ghana. It outlines the goals and the proposed interventions.

  12. Child abuse by teachers in Zimbabwe

    This paper offers needed statistics on the extent of sexual abuse in schools. It analyses 246 reported cases of sexual abuse in schools in Zimbabwe into 3 categories: sexual abuse, physical abuse and emotional abuse. Key findings: 81.6% of sexual abuse was perpetrated by trained teachers and 65.5% of the perpetrators had had sexual abuse with their pupils

  13. Safe haven for girls: can teachers challenge gender violence?

    Introduces a manual developed for South Africa on how to hold 8 interactive workshops with school management to increase awareness and mobilise action towards gender violence in schools. This paper discusses current challenges for government to prioritise the problem including making it part of the national curriculum

  14. Mixed Messages

    This paper provides results from qualitative research in Uganda which highlights the inherent contradiction of trying to promote adolescent sexual health with its messages of equality in partnerships when the school culture clearly promotes male domination and leadership. Offers practical suggestions for MoE to address inequality in schools and to advance democratic learning.

  15. School based health and nutrition programs: findings from a survey of donor and agency support

    This survey (an update of one conducted in 1997), provides an overview of donor support, policies and interests involved in school-based health and nutrition programmes. It is a useful resource for those seeking advice or funding for a particular initiative within this field.

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