The library contains 7812 resources.
This a two paged paper that outlines USAID's efforts in the education sector to mitigate the impact of HIV/AIDS. Specifically, it outlines USAID's approach called Education Sector Support (ESS) comprised of three components: classroom based- focused on quality and quantity of student learning; systemic- promotes African led national plans of educational system reform and; sustainable - improves policy analysis, build capacity to manage change and increase expenditure in education. USAID stresses the application of ESS to all levels involved in education from ministry to community. …
This article promotes the need to urgently look at the scope of sexual abuse occurring in schools and its significant repercussions. Emphasizes need for standard procedures governing how schools address allegations and treat survivors of this violence. Summarizes research in SSA that looks at role of school culture and society in defining gender identities, the centrality of violence in adolescent sexual relationships and in schools and the contradicting messages of empowerment in schools health curricula against the behaviours with the school itself.
Provides an overview of lessons learned for school based approaches to reducing HIV/AIDS related risk. Centres on youth-centred, integrated approach that includes sound monitoring and evaluation. Quality of Learner: Begin programmes by understanding what is known about HIV/AIDS and focus on understanding relevant risks to the population. Quality of Content: Using social learning theories to guide programme development will increase both positive individual health promoting behaviours as well as changing and supporting positive group social norms. …
This document provides comprehensive in-depth examination of the many facts involved in improving the lot of youth. In particular, the focus should be more integrated and include both reproductive health and economic improvements.
This toolkit is designed to assist staff of the Commission of the European Communities in considering the implications of the HIV epidemic in their provision of development assistance. Policy makers and programmers might also benefit from using the toolkit; however, in its present version it would require more direction from the authors to be fully beneficial.
This paper examines data for 30 Xhosa youth aged 16 to 24 from township schools in South Africa. Major findings focus on the pervasive nature of violence for young people today: beating is the normative response in their homes, at schools and in their relationships. Masculinity is defined by th number of sex partners, choice of main partner and ability to control girlfriends. Feminity is based on girls desirability to the opposite sex. Concludes with suggestions for policy changes, emphasizing the need for government to promote accountability for its behaviour.
This paper summarizes the main points of the strategic plan for the education sector in Ghana. It outlines the goals and the proposed interventions.
This paper offers needed statistics on the extent of sexual abuse in schools. It analyses 246 reported cases of sexual abuse in schools in Zimbabwe into 3 categories: sexual abuse, physical abuse and emotional abuse. Key findings: 81.6% of sexual abuse was perpetrated by trained teachers and 65.5% of the perpetrators had had sexual abuse with their pupils
Introduces a manual developed for South Africa on how to hold 8 interactive workshops with school management to increase awareness and mobilise action towards gender violence in schools. This paper discusses current challenges for government to prioritise the problem including making it part of the national curriculum
This paper provides results from qualitative research in Uganda which highlights the inherent contradiction of trying to promote adolescent sexual health with its messages of equality in partnerships when the school culture clearly promotes male domination and leadership. Offers practical suggestions for MoE to address inequality in schools and to advance democratic learning.
This survey (an update of one conducted in 1997), provides an overview of donor support, policies and interests involved in school-based health and nutrition programmes. It is a useful resource for those seeking advice or funding for a particular initiative within this field.
This paper summarises research findings that male sexual aggression against girls is endemic and institutionalized in Zimbabwe. Specifically, findings suggest that adolescent peer group culture in schools encourage students to conform to stereotypical behaviours that make girls vulnerable to sexual abuse. It concludes with a list of strategies for implementation and at schools within communities.
This paper summarises findings from Malawi regarding transactional sex between young girls and older men and offers a list of possible contributing factors. Possible actions for mitigating focus on highlighting the issue in communities, provisions of alternative education, and increasing lifeskills education (including teacher training)
This paper summarises major findings from a Human Rights Watch report that documents the scope of sexual violence in South African schools. It identifies the lack of accountability among school officials, police and prosecutors which leaves perpetrators unpunished. It encourages governments to create and enforce guidelines for appropriate responses to sexual violence in schools.
This paper outlines the key priorities for DFIDCA in HIV/AIDS in education. It follows the general assumption that education in an AIDS infected world is not similar to education in an AIDS free world (Kelly 2000).