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This was the first UNICEF in-house capacity building workshop on the subject of adoption. It was neccesitated by the situation in UNICEF offices in all regions where abusive and illegal practices on adoption of children internationally have been alleged or proven. In such circumstances UNICEF offices are faced with continuous challenge of stating and/or defending UNICEF position on intercountry adoption. It was organised by International Child Development Center.
This report discusses the UNICEF project to expand programming for families and children affected by HIV/AIDS. The project had six objectives: to develop top management commitment and capacity; to mobilise field support; to initiate country programming or bring to scale; to prepare technical issues papers and global advocacy report; to build international and national advocacy on the issue; and to build sustainable data collection mechanisms.
This article discusses studies conducted on women and AIDS. It suggest that women are more vulnerable to HIV/AIDS infection than men are and points out all the contributing factors. This includes educational; biological; economic, cultural and legal.
This article discusses the impact of HIV/AIDS on children and mainly on the issue of children orphaned by AIDS. With the introduction of HIV/AIDS came an alarming rise in the number of orphans worldwide though the most alarming figures are found in the developing world. With estimations that the number of children living with HIV positive parents is higher than those currently orphaned, the problem of AIDS orphans will soon be catastrophic.
This document offers a set of guiding principles for an effective and greatly expanded response to children and adolescents affected by HIV/AIDS. It is hoped that it will enrich discussions among stakeholders at all national and international levels It is anticipated that in the coming years these principles will be revised to incorporate new lessons as community, national, regional and global efforts expand and evolve.
These recommendations are derived from a study on community and capacity building which was supported by Displaced Children and Orphans Fund of USAID. The Recommendations would suggest that there is a need for such studies to be carried in as many communities as possible in order to establish dialogue with the communities prior to any program implementation. Participatory methodology was identified as most ideal and it was further recommended that the findings of such studies should guide subsequent action to support community efforts to protect and care for especially vulnerable children.
This paper discusses the rights of children particularly in a world with HIV/AIDS. It explores how the way children affects the lives that they live. The thrust is on how to ensure that a child's rights are actually accessible to him/her through particular policies.
This draft contains the details of the common position of African leaders from government, civil society and the private sector have taken on the issue of HIV/AIDS in respect to orphans and other vulnerable children affected by AIDS in Africa. This is in recognition of how HIV/AIDS has changed the world for children to the point of threatening the future stability of Africa. With this in mind, the situation has been deemed a crisis which requires a rapidly accelerated scaled-up response.
This article discusses the various effects that children affected by AIDS are exposed to. The main thrust being that approaches in support of CABA need to be holistic taking into consideration that all aspects of a child's life are under stress due to the situation they are living in.
This is a report on a conference held to discuss the issue of Advocacy on Psychosocial Support for Children Affected by AIDS. This call to action is a result of the gathering of 50 participants, coming from 8 countries in Eastern and Southern Africa, representing nongovernmental organisations, institutions of higher learning, church organisations, Southern African Development Community (SADC), UNICEF, UNAIDS, Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC) and youth interested in psychosocial support for children affected by AIDS.
This manual is aimed at providing some guidance in the area of psychosocial support of Children Affected by AIDS. This is in realisation of the fact that this is a major and often neglected aspect in the fight against the pandemic.
The terms of reference of this study defined its overall objective as supporting the Ministry of Education, Sport and Culture (MOESC), to assess the impact of HIV/AIDS on its ability to meet its mandate. Specific issues examined include impacts of HIV/AIDS on 1) demand for education and any changes in the scale or type of needs to be met by the sector; 2) supply of education, through its impacts on employees and trainees; 3) costs of education; 4) the process and quality of education; 5) the content and role of education; 6) planning and management in the education sector. …
This chapter describes the staffing situation, both nationally and in the survey schools. The second section then pulls together the available data to assess current levels of mortality, morbidity and absenteism by staff. The third section reviews the efforts that have been made to prevent and mitigate the impact of the epidemic on staff.
This article discusses the impact of HIV/AIDS on education in South Africa. South Africa has the fastest growing HIV/AIDS epidemic in the world. In 2001 over 4 million people were already HIV positive, 56% of them women. It is not yet possible to determine rates of HIV infection in schools and other learning institutions - among educators and among learners. The HIV/AIDS projection model commonly used in South Africa suggests that among 15-19 year olds almost 16% of African females are likely to be HIV positive, compared with about 3% of African males. …
The Workshop was funded by USAID and was convened, organised and chaired by the Health Economics and HIV/AIDS Research Division of the University of Natal (HEARD). The main objective of the workshop was to develop an understanding of the impact of the pandemic on education and the economy, and begin to provide management guidelines and frameworks to assist in dealing with the functional realities of administration and planning in a dramatically changing situation.