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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Community Participation in Health Care: The Turkish Case

    World Health Organization's global goal of Health for All by the Year 2000 (HFA) and achievement of this laudable goal through the Primary Health Care (PHC) approach has been accepted unanimously by participant countries of the Alma-Ata Conference in 1978 of which, Turkey is included. However, the approval did not generate as much interest among the policy makers until the 1990s. The year 1990 saw the commencement of attempts to produce a National Health Policy document that centred on the global goal for HFA and PHC in Turkey. …

  2. Challenges and Rewards of Involving Community in Research: An Overview of the "Focus on Kids" HIV Risk Reduction Program

    This article discusses the problem of AIDS in relation to adolescents in light of the fact that this is a significant concern for this age group especially in minority populations. There is a scarcity of knowledge of the cultural context of sexual behaviour in this age group and the influences that lead to early initiation of sex and unsafe sex. Few efforts targeting young adolescents have been community based although research has shown a need for an increase in such intervention programmes. …

  3. TASO Uganda: The Inside Story. Participatory evaluation of HIV/AIDS counselling, medical and social services 1993-1994

    TASO (The AIDS Support Organisation) is a voluntary organisation that was founded in 1987 by Ugandans to provide psychosocial support to people living with HIV/AIDS. In order to evaluate its effectiveness in meeting the needs of people with AIDS and their families, TASO decided to undertake a self-evaluation of its services. This monograph is the result of that evaluation. …

  4. Tunis Declaration on AIDS and the Child in Africa

    This paper discusses the Tunis Declaration on AIDS and the Child in Africa made by the OAU Heads of State. In spite of previous concerted actions by the OAU Heads of State with regards to HIV/AIDS, the magnitude of the problem of the HIV infection and AIDS in most African countries is on the increase especially among African children who are the most vulnerable group. This fact and accompanying considerations are discussed.

  5. Setting priorities for research, analysis and information dissemination on HIV/AIDS, STIs, and Tuberculosis in Africa

    This strategic framework highlights the areas in which knowledge gaps and research information needs exist in Africa's fight against the HIV/AIDS pandemic. It seeks to prioritize these needs so as to optimize the use of research funds in the development of higher impact interventions, effective service delivery systems and better monitoring and evaluation.

  6. AIDS: conceptual and methodological issues in researching sexual behaviour in sub-Saharan Africa

    This paper describes some of the conceptual and methodological issues encountered in the course of a study of mainly anthropological secondary source materials on sexual behaviour in sub-Saharan Africa. Its aim was to survey and review existing literature and other secondary sources available both outside and within Anglophone sub-Saharan Africa and to evaluate their usefulness to AIDS research and prevention. The review cautioned against the uncritical use of anthropological sources without due regard for their conceptual and methodological status. …

  7. Education for the Prevention of AIDS

    The division of Education produced this manual for the Quality of Life - Programme of Education for the Prevention of AIDS. This selection of extracts from Teachers guides is intended to give teachers an idea of the variety of possible approaches to school information and Education for AIDS prevention, according to the social-cultural context.

  8. Education for AIDS Prevention Bibliography

    This monograph provides insight into the documentation and publications existing throughout the world on information and education for the prevention of AIDS. This is directed at teachers, specialized educators, social workers and all responsible for educational activities and are facing problems of didactics and pedagogical methods with respect to the prevention of AIDS.

  9. Regional Workshop on Preventive Education Against HIV/AIDS for Women's Grassroot Organisations in Africa: final report

    This is a report of a workshop for Grassroots Women's Organisation in Africa and was organised in Abidjan from 7-11 September 1998 by UNESCO in co-operation with UNAIDS Regional HIV Development Project. The overall objectives were to reduce the rate of HIV transmission among African women by rendering them capable of protecting themselves through a reinforced awareness, and by giving them appropriate knowledge and skills. This report is written in English and French.

  10. HIV/AIDS Preventive Education: A practical Guide for Co-ordinators of Women's Grassroot Organisation

    This UNESCO guide is a collection of examples of "best practices" in HIV/AIDS preventive education for African women especially the illiterate and the semi-literate. It is the result of contributions from some twenty coordinators of African women's grassroots organisations, specialists and national and international experts involved in HIV/AIDS preventive education.

  11. HIV/AIDS/STDs education for prevention

    The contents of this book are drawn from contributions to the Global Conference on School Health and HIV/AIDS Prevention. Its objectives are to strengthen the awareness of teachers and education personnel on the importance of developing school health and HIV/AIDS prevention curricula, to show the specific roles of schools in promoting health, especially in relation to HIV prevention and HIV related discrimination and to develop school health especially AIDS issues.

  12. Community participation in HIV prevention: problems and prospects for community-based strategies among female sex workers in Madras

    This paper examines the concept of strengthening community action within the context of HIV prevention. There is evidence of the potential role of community participation in HIV/AIDS prevention and care efforts. This paper examines problems and prospects for participation in HIV prevention strategies among commercial sex workers in Madras. It is based on the experiences of a pilot project established by the Tamil Nadu State Government AIDS Cell and WHO.

  13. Editorial Review: Enabling Approaches for HIV / AIDS Prevention: can we modify the environment and minimize the risk?

    This is a review that examines one area that has received insufficient attention in HIV prevention i.e. influencing the social and environmental determinants of risk or what is referred to as: "enabling approaches".

  14. Black Communities' Belief in "AIDS as Genocide": a barrier to overcome for HIV prevention

    An article on the belief that AIDS is a form of genocide targeted at the black population is prevalent in black communities in the United States. Public health authorities are distrusted, in part because of the legacy of the Tuskegee study of untreated syphilis, a perceived racist experiment. For effective interventions to prevent the transmission of HIV in black communities, genocidal fears and beliefs must be addressed and black community leaders should be involved in planning and implementation.

  15. Factors that determine utilisation of modern contraceptives in East, Central and Southern Africa

    This is a cross-sectional study to determine modern contraceptive use among women aged between 15 and 19 years. This study was carried out between September and October of 1991 in five East, Central and Southern African countries, both in urban and rural areas.

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