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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. DBE draft national policy on the prevention and management of learner pregnancy in schools

    The rate of learner pregnancy in South Africa, highlighted by improved reporting in the Department of Basic Education (DBE), has become a major social, systemic and fiscal challenge not only for the basic education sector, but crucially, for national development in general and for the basic education system in particular. It impacts the lives of thousands of young people, often limiting their personal growth, the pursuit of rewarding careers and their ambitions, with incalculable impact on South Africa's socioeconomic systems. …

  2. National policy on HIV, STI's and TB for learners, educators, school support staff and officials in all primary and secondary schools in the basic education sector

    The Department of Basic Education National Policy on HIV, Sexually Transmitted Infections and Tuberculosis 2017 was developed through a participatory consultative process with stakeholders inside and outside the Basic Education sector. The Policy presents a bold new vision for the sector, to drive the response on HIV, Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) as well as Tuberculosis.

  3. Early marriage and sexual and reproductive health vulnerabilities of young women: a synthesis of recent evidence from developing countries

    Purpose of review: To review current evidence on the links between early marriage and health-related outcomes for young women and their children. Recent findings: Every third young woman in the developing countries excluding China continues to marry as a child, that is before age 18. Recent studies reiterate the adverse health consequences of early marriage among young women and their children even after a host of confounding factors are controlled. …

  4. Interventions for preventing unintended, rapid repeat pregnancy among adolescents: A review of the evidence and lessons from high-quality evaluations

    In 2017, of the 22.5 million parenting adolescents (ages 15–19) in 60 countries, approximately 4.1 million gave birth to a second or higher-order child. Adolescent pregnancy in general, and rapid repeat pregnancies specifically, expose young mothers and their children to multiple health and socioeconomic risks. The purpose of this article is to review the impact of interventions designed to prevent unintended, rapid repeat pregnancies among adolescents, including those aimed at changing norms to postpone "intended" closely spaced pregnancies to promote healthy spacing.

  5. Picture that: supporting sexuality educators in narrowing the knowledge/practice gap

    Teaching about sex and relationships is one of the greatest challenges in not only the combating of HIV and AIDS, but also in preparing the youth for responsible sexual behaviour. Although it seems as if teachers to some extent do feel comfortable with the teaching of sexuality education at school, the question however remains as to whether youth get the information they require. In this article, I present drawings produced by teacher participants in order to investigate the beliefs that teachers hold regarding young people’s needs from sexuality education. …

  6. Sexual and reproductive health services and peer education at Mnambithi TVET College: a rapid assessment

    This study essentially aimed to establish if there is a peer education programme at Mnambithi TVET College focusing on SRH and HIV prevention and whether the services rendered are adolescent and youth friendly. It therefore investigated the status of these two factors, identified gaps and proposed solutions. The report begins with a brief discussion of what the study was about, how it was conceptualised and what it aimed to achieve. It then provides a background of what adolescent and youth friendly services and peer education are highlighting the relevance of this study. …

  7. Youth-friendly HIV prevention and SRHR programmes and services at post-schooling institutions: a review of the literature

    The objective of this literature review was to provide a background to the current context relating to the provision of comprehensive and integrated youth-friendly SRHR and HIV prevention services to students at post-schooling institutions in South Africa and in the Eastern Cape. …

  8. HIV knowledge, attitudes and behaviours: The situation at technical, vocational education and training (TVET) colleges in South Africa

    The HSRC 2012 population-based survey of national HIV prevalence, incidence and behaviour reported that there were approximately 469 000 new HIV infections in 2012 (Shisana et al. 2014). More than one-third of these infections (192 000) were among young people in the 15–24 years age group, with females accounting for 90% of new infections. Among those 25 years and older, 300 000 new infections were estimated, with the highest number of infections among females (175 000) compared to males (125 000). …

  9. Situational analysis on the status of sexual and reproductive health of students and gender-based violence in technical and vocational colleges in Malawi

    UNESCO commissioned a study to conduct a situational analysis on the status of sexual and reproductive health (SRH) of students and gender-based violence (GBV) in technical and vocational colleges (TVCs) in Malawi operating under the Technical, Entrepreneurship and Vocational (TEVET) system. The methodology comprised of a desk review, survey, key informant interviews, and focus group discussions. …

  10. Relationship between teachers’ attitude towards teaching HIV/AIDS education and students’ knowledge and attitude towards sexual behaviour in secondary schools in Coast Region, Kenya

    The purpose of the study was to determine the relationship between teachers’ attitude towards teaching HIV/AIDS education and students’ knowledge and attitude towards sexual behaviour in secondary schools in the Coast Region of Kenya. The study used descriptive survey research design. The samples comprised 421 respondents of which 33 were teachers and 388 students in 13 secondary schools. Questionnaires and interview schedule were used to collect the data. The validity of the instruments was checked by the supervisors and other experts in the field of research. …

  11. Global, regional, and subregional trends in unintended pregnancy and its outcomes from 1990 to 2014: estimates from a Bayesian hierarchical model

    Estimates of pregnancy incidence by intention status and outcome indicate how effectively women and couples are able to fulfil their childbearing aspirations, and can be used to monitor the impact of family-planning programmes. We estimate global, regional, and subregional pregnancy rates by intention status and outcome for 1990–2014.

  12. Global AIDS Monitoring 2018: Indicators for monitoring the 2016 United Nations Political Declaration on Ending AIDS

    The purpose of this document is to provide guidance to national AIDS programmes and partners on the use of indicators to measure and report on the country response.

  13. Documento de orientaciones de política para la promoción de derechos y la prevención, detección y atención de las violencias en la escuela: violencia basada en el género y violencia contra la mujer

    1. Perspectiva de garantía de derechos 2. Marco normativo 3. ¿Qué es violencia basada en el género y violencia contra la mujer? 4. ¿Qué tipos existen? 5. ¿Qué efectos tiene? 6. ¿Cómo promover el ejercicio de derechos? 7. ¿Cómo prevenir la violencia basada en el género y violencia contra la mujer? 8. ¿Cómo detectar una situación de…? 9. ¿Qué hacer ante una situación de violencia contra la mujer? 10. Sugerencias utiles para el manual de convivencia 11. Glosario

  14. Documento de orientaciones de política para la promoción de derechos y la prevención, detección y atención de las violencias en la escuela: violencia sexual

    1. Perspectiva de garantía de derechos; 2. Marco normativo; 3. ¿Qué es violencia sexual? 4. ¿Qué tipos existen? 5. ¿Qué efectos tiene?6. ¿Cómo promover el ejercicio de derechos? 7. ¿Cómo prevenir la violencia sexual? 8. ¿Cómo detectar una situación de violencia sexual? 9. ¿Qué hacer ante una situación de violencia sexual? 10. Sugerencias utiles para el manual de convivencia. 11. Glosario

  15. Guía de promoción de derechos humanos sexuales y reproductivos y prevención, identificación y atención acoso escolar

    1. Perspectiva de garantia de derechos 2. Marco normativo 3. ¿Que es acoso escolar? 4. ¿Que tipos de acoso escolar existen? 5. ¿Qué efectos tiene el acoso escolar? 6. ¿Quienes intervienen en el acoso escolar? 7. ¿Como promover el ejercicio de derechos? 8. ¿Cómo prevenir el acoso escolar? 9. ¿Como detectar una situacion de acoso escolar? 10. ¿Que hacer ante una situacion de acoso escolar? 11. Sugerencias utiles para el manual de convivencia 12. Glosario Anexo 1 Implicaciones legales del acoso escolar

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